Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

Click to create an ACS ID

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect
ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

Figure 1Loading Img

Catalytic Janus Colloids: Controlling Trajectories of Chemical Microswimmers

Cite this: Acc. Chem. Res. 2018, 51, 9, 1931–1939
Publication Date (Web):August 2, 2018
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options


    Abstract Image

    Catalytic Janus colloids produce rapid motion in fluids by decomposing dissolved fuel. There is great potential to exploit these “autonomous chemical swimmers” in applications currently performed by diffusion limited passive colloids. Key application areas for colloids include transporting active ingredients for drug delivery, gathering analytes for medical diagnostics, and self-assembling into regular structures used for photonic materials and lithographic templating. For drug delivery and medical diagnostics, controlling colloidal motion is key in order to target therapies, and transport analytes through lab-on-a-chip devices. Here, the autonomous motion of catalytic Janus colloids can remove the current requirements to induce and control colloid motion using external fields, thereby reducing the technological complexity required for medical therapies and diagnostics. For materials applications exploiting colloidal self-assembly, the additional interactions introduced by catalytic activity and rapid motion are predicted to allow access to new reconfigurable and responsive structures.

    In order to realize these goals, it is vital to develop methods to control both individual colloidal paths and collective behavior in motile catalytic colloidal systems. However, catalytic Janus colloids’ trajectories are randomized by Brownian effects, and so require new strategies in order to be harnessed for transport. This is achievable using a variety of different approaches. For example, self-assembly and control of catalyst geometry can introduce controlled amounts of rotary motion, or “spin” into chemical swimmer trajectories. Furthermore, rotary motion combined with gravity, produces well-defined orientated helical trajectories. In addition, when catalytic colloids interact with topographical features, such as edges and trenches, they are steered. This gives rise to a new approach for autonomous colloidal microfluidic transport that could be deployed in future lab-on-a-chip devices.

    Chemical gradients can also influence the motion of catalytic Janus colloids, for example, to cause collective accumulations at specific locations. However, at present, the predicted theoretical degree of control over this phenomenon has not been fully verified in experimental systems. Collective behavior control for chemical swimmers is also possible by exploiting the potential for the complex interactions in these systems to allow access to self-assembled, dynamic and reconfigurable ordered structures. Again, current experiments have not yet accessed the breadth of possible behavior. Consequently, continued efforts are required to understand and control these interaction mechanisms in real world systems. Ultimately, this will help realize the use of catalytic Janus colloids for tasks that require well-controlled motion and structural organization, enabling functions such as analyte capture and concentration, or targeted drug delivery.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 55 publications.

    1. Xi Chen, Xiaowen Chen, Mohamed Elsayed, Harrison Edwards, Jiayu Liu, Yixin Peng, H. P. Zhang, Shuailong Zhang, Wei Wang, Aaron R. Wheeler. Steering Micromotors via Reprogrammable Optoelectronic Paths. ACS Nano 2023, 17 (6) , 5894-5904.
    2. Qiang Gao, Zhou Yang, Ruitong Zhu, Jinping Wang, Pengzhao Xu, Jiayu Liu, Xiaowen Chen, Zuyao Yan, Yixin Peng, Yanping Wang, Hairong Zheng, Feiyan Cai, Wei Wang. Ultrasonic Steering Wheels: Turning Micromotors by Localized Acoustic Microstreaming. ACS Nano 2023, 17 (5) , 4729-4739.
    3. Benjamin Greydanus, J. Will Medlin, Daniel K. Schwartz. Elucidating the Influence of Metal Surface Composition on Organic Adsorbate Binding Using Active Particle Dynamics. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2023, 127 (2) , 1006-1014.
    4. Chuyi Liao, Xiaogong Wang. Photodeformable Azo Polymer Janus Particles Obtained upon Nonsolvent-Induced Phase Separation and Asynchronous Aggregation. Langmuir 2022, 38 (41) , 12466-12479.
    5. Francisco Zaera. Designing Sites in Heterogeneous Catalysis: Are We Reaching Selectivities Competitive With Those of Homogeneous Catalysts?. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (9) , 8594-8757.
    6. Huan Wang, Bin-Bin Xu, Yong-Lai Zhang, Pavana Siddhartha Kollipara, Shaofeng Liu, Linhan Lin, Qi-Dai Chen, Yuebing Zheng, Hong-Bo Sun. Light-Driven Magnetic Encoding for Hybrid Magnetic Micromachines. Nano Letters 2021, 21 (4) , 1628-1635.
    7. Yanping Duan, Xia Zhao, Miaomiao Sun, Hong Hao. Research Advances in the Synthesis, Application, Assembly, and Calculation of Janus Materials. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2021, 60 (3) , 1071-1095.
    8. Bas G. P. van Ravensteijn, Ilja K. Voets, Willem K. Kegel, Rienk Eelkema. Out-of-Equilibrium Colloidal Assembly Driven by Chemical Reaction Networks. Langmuir 2020, 36 (36) , 10639-10656.
    9. Jiayi Deng, Mehdi Molaei, Nicholas G. Chisholm, Kathleen J. Stebe. Motile Bacteria at Oil–Water Interfaces: Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Langmuir 2020, 36 (25) , 6888-6902.
    10. Xi Chen, Chao Zhou, Yixin Peng, Qizhang Wang, Wei Wang. Temporal Light Modulation of Photochemically Active, Oscillating Micromotors: Dark Pulses, Mode Switching, and Controlled Clustering. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (10) , 11843-11851.
    11. Liangliang Zhang, Zuyao Xiao, Xi Chen, Jingyuan Chen, Wei Wang. Confined 1D Propulsion of Metallodielectric Janus Micromotors on Microelectrodes under Alternating Current Electric Fields. ACS Nano 2019, 13 (8) , 8842-8853.
    12. Yi Xing, Qi Pan, Xin Du, Tailin Xu, Yan He, Xueji Zhang. Dendritic Janus Nanomotors with Precisely Modulated Coverages and Their Effects on Propulsion. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2019, 11 (10) , 10426-10433.
    13. Dante Disharoon, Keith B. Neeves, David W. M. Marr. ac/dc Magnetic Fields for Enhanced Translation of Colloidal Microwheels. Langmuir 2019, 35 (9) , 3455-3460.
    14. Sung-Jo Kim, Žiga Kos, Eujin Um, Joonwoo Jeong. Symmetrically pulsating bubbles swim in an anisotropic fluid by nematodynamics. Nature Communications 2024, 15 (1)
    15. Alicia Boymelgreen, Touvia Miloh. A generalized approach to solving the mixed boundary value problem governing self-diffusiophoresis. Journal of Engineering Mathematics 2024, 146 (1)
    16. Tong Zhou, Kai Zhu, Zhaoyan Yang, Ziting Qian, Shenfei Zong, Yiping Cui, Zhuyuan Wang. Chemically Powered Nanomotors with Magnetically Responsive Function for Targeted Delivery of Exosomes. Small 2024, 6
    17. Alex McGlasson, Thomas P. Russell. From solid surfactants to micromotors: An overview of the synthesis and applications of heterogeneous particles. Materials Today 2024, 74 , 149-166.
    18. Matthew Becton, Jixin Hou, Yiping Zhao, Xianqiao Wang. Dynamic Clustering and Scaling Behavior of Active Particles under Confinement. Nanomaterials 2024, 14 (2) , 144.
    19. Nick Oikonomeas-Koppasis, Stefania Ketzetzi, Daniela J. Kraft, Peter Schall. Power-law intermittency in the gradient-induced self-propulsion of colloidal swimmers. Soft Matter 2024, 14
    20. Keara T. Saud, Michael J. Solomon. Microdynamics of active particles in defect-rich colloidal crystals. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2023, 641 , 950-960.
    21. Z.Y. Zhang, Y.B. Song, Y.F. Wang, C.G. Wang. Smart helical swimmer: Nested and uncoiled designs. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences 2023, 242 , 107996.
    22. Connor R. McCormick, Rowan R. Katzbaer, Benjamin C. Steimle, Raymond E. Schaak. Combinatorial cation exchange for the discovery and rational synthesis of heterostructured nanorods. Nature Synthesis 2023, 2 (2) , 152-161.
    23. Ying Feng, Miao An, Yang Liu, Muhammad Tariq Sarwar, Huaming Yang. Advances in Chemically Powered Micro/Nanorobots for Biological Applications: A Review. Advanced Functional Materials 2023, 33 (1)
    24. Sotiris Samatas, Juho Lintuvuori. Hydrodynamic Synchronization of Chiral Microswimmers. Physical Review Letters 2023, 130 (2)
    25. Tatiana V. Nizkaya, Evgeny S. Asmolov, Olga I. Vinogradova. Theoretical modeling of catalytic self-propulsion. Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science 2022, 62 , 101637.
    26. Qihan Zhang, Yuwei Yan, Jun Liu, Yingjie Wu, Qiang He. Supramolecular colloidal motors via chemical self-assembly. Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science 2022, 62 , 101642.
    27. Wei-jing Zhu, Jian-chun Wu, Bao-quan Ai. Ratchet transport of particles in the obstacle lattices with topographical gradients. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals 2022, 162 , 112411.
    28. Joan Codina, Helena Massana-Cid, Pietro Tierno, Ignacio Pagonabarraga. Breaking action–reaction with active apolar colloids: emergent transport and velocity inversion. Soft Matter 2022, 18 (29) , 5371-5379.
    29. Abdallah Daddi-Moussa-Ider, Andrej Vilfan, Ramin Golestanian. Diffusiophoretic propulsion of an isotropic active colloidal particle near a finite-sized disk embedded in a planar fluid–fluid interface. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2022, 940
    30. Yiwu Zong, Huaqing Liu, Kun Zhao. Self‐assembly of Anisotropic Colloids in Solutions. 2022, 37-85.
    31. Ying Wang, Yuqing Yao, Yani Zhao, Xiaoyu Liu, Hua Jiang. Precise modulation of the rotation of artificial molecular rotors. SCIENTIA SINICA Chimica 2022, 52 (6) , 869-879.
    32. Haichao Li, Yue Li, Jun Liu, Qiang He, Yingjie Wu. Asymmetric colloidal motors: from dissymmetric nanoarchitectural fabrication to efficient propulsion strategy. Nanoscale 2022, 14 (20) , 7444-7459.
    33. Jens Bickmann, Stephan Bröker, Julian Jeggle, Raphael Wittkowski. Analytical approach to chiral active systems: Suppressed phase separation of interacting Brownian circle swimmers. The Journal of Chemical Physics 2022, 156 (19)
    34. Dajian Li, Yuhong Zheng, Zhanxiang Zhang, Qi Zhang, Xiaoying Huang, Renfeng Dong, Yuepeng Cai, Lin Wang. Single-Metal Hybrid Micromotor. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 2022, 10
    35. Bo Zhang, Alexey Snezhko, Andrey Sokolov. Guiding Self-Assembly of Active Colloids by Temporal Modulation of Activity. Physical Review Letters 2022, 128 (1)
    36. Alex McGlasson, Laura C. Bradley. Investigating Time‐Dependent Active Motion of Janus Micromotors using Dynamic Light Scattering. Small 2021, 17 (52)
    37. Francisco Zaera. Molecular approaches to heterogeneous catalysis. Coordination Chemistry Reviews 2021, 448 , 214179.
    38. Jens Grauer, Falko Schmidt, Jesús Pineda, Benjamin Midtvedt, Hartmut Löwen, Giovanni Volpe, Benno Liebchen. Active droploids. Nature Communications 2021, 12 (1)
    39. Shidong Song, Alexander F. Mason, Richard A. J. Post, Marco De Corato, Rafael Mestre, N. Amy Yewdall, Shoupeng Cao, Remco W. van der Hofstad, Samuel Sanchez, Loai K. E. A. Abdelmohsen, Jan C. M. van Hest. Engineering transient dynamics of artificial cells by stochastic distribution of enzymes. Nature Communications 2021, 12 (1)
    40. Alice Kirvin, David Gregory, Andrew Parnell, Andrew I. Campbell, Stephen Ebbens. Rotating ellipsoidal catalytic micro-swimmers via glancing angle evaporation. Materials Advances 2021, 2 (21) , 7045-7053.
    41. Heng Ye, Yong Wang, Dandan Xu, Xiaojia Liu, Shaomin Liu, Xing Ma. Design and fabrication of micro/nano-motors for environmental and sensing applications. Applied Materials Today 2021, 23 , 101007.
    42. Keara T. Saud, Mahesh Ganesan, Michael J. Solomon. Yield stress behavior of colloidal gels with embedded active particles. Journal of Rheology 2021, 65 (2) , 225-239.
    43. Koohee Han, Alexey Snezhko. Programmable chiral states in flocks of active magnetic rollers. Lab on a Chip 2021, 21 (1) , 215-222.
    44. Wei Wang, Chao Zhou. A Journey of Nanomotors for Targeted Cancer Therapy: Principles, Challenges, and a Critical Review of the State‐of‐the‐Art. Advanced Healthcare Materials 2021, 10 (2)
    45. Xiaolei Peng, Zhihan Chen, Pavana Siddhartha Kollipara, Yaoran Liu, Jie Fang, Linhan Lin, Yuebing Zheng. Opto-thermoelectric microswimmers. Light: Science & Applications 2020, 9 (1)
    46. Yuguang Yang, Michael A. Bevan, Bo Li. Micro/Nano Motor Navigation and Localization via Deep Reinforcement Learning. Advanced Theory and Simulations 2020, 3 (6)
    47. Richard A. Archer, Johnathan R. Howse, Syuji Fujii, Hisato Kawashima, Gavin A. Buxton, Stephen J. Ebbens. pH‐Responsive Catalytic Janus Motors with Autonomous Navigation and Cargo‐Release Functions. Advanced Functional Materials 2020, 30 (19)
    48. Wei Wang, Xianglong Lv, Jeffrey L. Moran, Shifang Duan, Chao Zhou. A practical guide to active colloids: choosing synthetic model systems for soft matter physics research. Soft Matter 2020, 16 (16) , 3846-3868.
    49. Koen Schakenraad, Linda Ravazzano, Niladri Sarkar, Joeri A. J. Wondergem, Roeland M. H. Merks, Luca Giomi. Topotaxis of active Brownian particles. Physical Review E 2020, 101 (3)
    50. Stefania Ketzetzi, Joost de Graaf, Rachel P. Doherty, Daniela J. Kraft. Slip Length Dependent Propulsion Speed of Catalytic Colloidal Swimmers near Walls. Physical Review Letters 2020, 124 (4)
    51. Hamid Karani, Gerardo E. Pradillo, Petia M. Vlahovska. Tuning the Random Walk of Active Colloids: From Individual Run-and-Tumble to Dynamic Clustering. Physical Review Letters 2019, 123 (20)
    52. Chun Wang, Renfeng Dong, Qinglong Wang, Chi Zhang, Xueling She, Jiajia Wang, Yuepeng Cai. One Modification, Two Functions: Single Ni‐modified Light‐Driven ZnO Microrockets with Both Efficient Propulsion and Steerable Motion. Chemistry – An Asian Journal 2019, 14 (14) , 2485-2490.
    53. Dandan Xu, Chen Zhan, Yanming Sun, Zhijun Dong, Guo Ping Wang, Xing Ma. Turn‐Number‐Dependent Motion Behavior of Catalytic Helical Carbon Micro/Nanomotors. Chemistry – An Asian Journal 2019, 14 (14) , 2497-2502.
    54. Benno Liebchen, Hartmut Löwen. Which interactions dominate in active colloids?. The Journal of Chemical Physics 2019, 150 (6)
    55. Dan Luo, Fanghao Zhang, Haotian Zheng, Zhensong Ren, Lili Jiang, Zhifeng Ren. Electrostatic-attraction-induced high internal phase emulsion for large-scale synthesis of amphiphilic Janus nanosheets. Chemical Communications 2019, 55 (9) , 1318-1321.