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Water Splitting-Assisted Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Glucose with a Metal–Organic Framework for Wearable Nonenzymatic Perspiration Sensing

  • Xiaofei Zhu
    Xiaofei Zhu
    State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China
    More by Xiaofei Zhu
  • Shuai Yuan
    Shuai Yuan
    State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China
    More by Shuai Yuan
  • Yinhui Ju
    Yinhui Ju
    State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China
    More by Yinhui Ju
  • Jun Yang
    Jun Yang
    Nanjing Institute for Food and Drug Control, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210038, PR China
    More by Jun Yang
  • Chao Zhao*
    Chao Zhao
    State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China
    *E-mail: [email protected]
    More by Chao Zhao
  • , and 
  • Hong Liu*
    Hong Liu
    State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China
    *E-mail: [email protected]
    More by Hong Liu
Cite this: Anal. Chem. 2019, 91, 16, 10764–10771
Publication Date (Web):July 30, 2019
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    In this work, a nonenzymatic electrochemical sensor based on electrochemical water splitting-assisted electrocatalysis is developed for wearable perspiration glucose analysis. Pd nanoparticles (Pd NPs) encapsulated in a Co-based zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67) is prepared and used as the electrocatalyst. In comparison to previously reported nonenzymatic glucose sensors which detect glucose in alkaline buffers, the proposed sensor analyzes glucose under physiological pH with no additional reagents, which enables wearable, maintenance-free perspiration glucose monitoring for a long time. The nonenzymatic sensor and a flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) is integrated into a sweatband for real-time analysis of perspiration glucose. The test results of perspiration glucose using our sensor are correlated to those of blood glucose tests by a commercial glucose meter. The sensitivity of the sensor remains stable within 2 months when it is stored unpacked under ambient conditions. Therefore, we believe it is promising for wearable nonenzymatic glucose monitoring for noninvasive clinical analysis and sport applications.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b02328.

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