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Techno-Economic Assessment of Green H2 Carrier Supply Chains

  • Bradie S. Crandall
    Bradie S. Crandall
    Center for Catalytic Science & Technology, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, United States
  • Todd Brix
    Todd Brix
    OCO Chem. Inc, Richland, Washington 99354, United States
    More by Todd Brix
  • Robert S. Weber
    Robert S. Weber
    Institute for Integrated Catalysis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, United States
  • , and 
  • Feng Jiao*
    Feng Jiao
    Center for Catalytic Science & Technology, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, United States
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Feng Jiao
Cite this: Energy Fuels 2023, 37, 2, 1441–1450
Publication Date (Web):December 20, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.2c03616
Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Green hydrogen can play a key role in affordably decarbonizing society. However, storage and transmission costs pose significant barriers to green hydrogen distribution. These limitations may be overcome with liquid green hydrogen carriers like ammonia, methanol, and toluene/methylcyclohexane, as well as formic acid, which has only recently received limited attention. A techno-economic assessment of these hydrogen carriers is presented across a wide range of scales. Green formic acid is identified to be the most cost-effective carrier when the entire supply-chain cost is considered. Additional analysis shows that formic acid is the only green carrier that is more affordable to produce than its fossil-based counterpart and is the safest of the studied carriers. Finally, research and policy outlooks are provided to guide efforts toward the realization of a green hydrogen economy. This work provides information on the selection of a suitable green hydrogen carrier, which is essential to decarbonize at the rate needed to avoid climate catastrophe.

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 5 publications.

    1. Aofei Wang, Ping He, Jiang Wu, Naichao Chen, Changyu Pan, Enqi Shi, Haodong Jia, Tianyang Hu, Kangsai He, Qian Cai, Rui Shen. Reviews on Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysts for Dehydrogenation and Recycling of Formic Acid: Progress and Perspectives. Energy & Fuels 2023, 37 (22) , 17075-17093. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.3c02595
    2. Bradie S. Crandall, Sean Overa, Haeun Shin, Feng Jiao. Turning Carbon Dioxide into Sustainable Food and Chemicals: How Electrosynthesized Acetate Is Paving the Way for Fermentation Innovation. Accounts of Chemical Research 2023, 56 (12) , 1505-1516. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.3c00098
    3. Mustafa Karatok, Hio Tong Ngan, Xiwen Jia, Christopher R. O’Connor, J. Anibal Boscoboinik, Dario J. Stacchiola, Philippe Sautet, Robert J. Madix. Achieving Ultra-High Selectivity to Hydrogen Production from Formic Acid on Pd–Ag Alloys. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2023, 145 (9) , 5114-5124. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.2c11323
    4. Changsoo Kim, Younggeun Lee, Kyeongsu Kim. Comparative Risk Assessment of a Hydrogen Refueling Station Using Gaseous Hydrogen and Formic Acid as the Hydrogen Carrier. Energies 2023, 16 (6) , 2613. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16062613
    5. Jinyue Cui, Muhammad Aziz. Techno-economic analysis of hydrogen transportation infrastructure using ammonia and methanol. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2023, 4 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.01.096

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