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Impact of Hydrodynamics on the First Stages of Biofilm Formation in Forward Osmosis with Spacers

  • Andreas Kastl*
    Andreas Kastl
    Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
    *Email: A.K.: [email protected]
  • Anne Bogler*
    Anne Bogler
    Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (ZIWR), Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker, Beer-Sheva 84990, Israel
    *Email: A.B.: [email protected]
    More by Anne Bogler
  • Markus Spinnler
    Markus Spinnler
    Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
  • Thomas Sattelmayer
    Thomas Sattelmayer
    Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
  • Avraham Be’er
    Avraham Be’er
    Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (ZIWR), Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker, Beer-Sheva 84990, Israel
  • , and 
  • Edo Bar-Zeev*
    Edo Bar-Zeev
    Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (ZIWR), Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker, Beer-Sheva 84990, Israel
    *Email: E.B.-Z.: [email protected]
    More by Edo Bar-Zeev
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020, 54, 8, 5279–5287
Publication Date (Web):March 24, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c00380
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Initial deposition of bacteria is a critical stage during biofilm formation and biofouling development in membrane systems used in the water industry. However, the effects of hydrodynamic conditions on spatiotemporal deposition patterns of bacteria during the initial stages of biofilm formation remain unclear. Large field epifluorescence microscopy enabled in situ and real-time tracking of Bacillus subtilis in a forward osmosis system with spacers during the first 4 h of biofilm formation. This study quantitatively compares the spatiotemporal deposition patterns between different hydrodynamic conditions: high and low permeate water flux (6 or 30 L m–2 h–1) as well as high and low crossflow velocity (1 or 14 cm s–1). Low crossflow velocity and high permeate water flux maximized bacterial attachment to the membrane surface, which was 60 times greater (6 × 103 cells mm–2) than at high crossflow velocity and low permeate water flux (<100 cells mm–2). Imaging at 30 s intervals revealed three phases (i.e., lag, exponential, and linear) in the development of deposition over time. Quantification of spatial deposition patterns showed that an increase in the ratio of permeate water flux to crossflow velocity led to a homogeneous deposition, while a decrease had the opposite effect. The insights of this research indicate that an appropriate choice of hydrodynamic conditions can minimize bacteria accumulation prior to biofilm formation in new and cleaned FO membrane systems treating water of high fouling propensity.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.0c00380.

    • Movie S1 (AVI)

    • Details on required volumes of stock solution and resulting conductivity in draw solution for each experiment type (Table S1), example plot of flow cytometry analysis for determination of B. subtilis cell concentration in feed solution (Figure S1), locations of movie acquisition for bacteria tracking (Figure S2), separation of area in one spacer element into nine regions by cardinal directions (Figure S3), example images of initial biofilm formation after 4 h of experiment (Figure S4), bacterial abundance and standard deviation in feed solution measured via flow cytometry for all experiments (Figure S5), quantification of bacteria deposition on membrane surface by evaluation of microscopic images (Figure S6), and bacterial abundance on membrane surface measured by flow cytometry after 4 h of deposition experiments (Figure S7) (PDF)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 11 publications.

    1. Weichen Lin, Qiao Wang, Ziwei Liu, Xinran Meng, Pan Dai, Xia Huang. Improved hydrodynamic properties and enhanced resistance to particle deposition and membrane fouling by millimeter-scale patterned membranes. Journal of Membrane Science 2024, 700 , 122709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2024.122709
    2. Aurélie Portas, Nathan Carriot, Annick Ortalo-Magné, Guillaume Damblans, Maxime Thiébaut, Gérald Culioli, Nolwenn Quillien, Jean-François Briand. Impact of hydrodynamics on community structure and metabolic production of marine biofouling formed in a highly energetic estuary. Marine Environmental Research 2023, 192 , 106241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2023.106241
    3. Yuqian Sang, Xiaodong Wen, Yan He. Single‐cell/nanoparticle trajectories reveal two‐tier Lévy‐like interactions across bacterial swarms. VIEW 2022, 3 (6) https://doi.org/10.1002/VIW.20220047
    4. Emily Manderfeld, Chidambaram Thamaraiselvan, Maurício Nunes Kleinberg, Lejla Jusufagic, Christopher J. Arnusch, Axel Rosenhahn. Bacterial surface attachment and fouling assay on polymer and carbon surfaces using Rheinheimera sp. identified using bacteria community analysis of brackish water. Biofouling 2022, 38 (9) , 940-951. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2022.2153333
    5. Ting Jiang, Tian Tian, Yan-Fang Guan, Han-Qing Yu. Contrasting behaviors of pre-ozonation on ceramic membrane biofouling: Early stage vs late stage. Water Research 2022, 220 , 118702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2022.118702
    6. Weichen Lin, Qiao Wang, Lequn Sun, Dingyi Wang, Johny Cabrera, Danyang Li, Ligang Hu, Guibin Jiang, Xiao-mao Wang, Xia Huang. The critical role of feed spacer channel porosity in membrane biofouling: Insights and implications. Journal of Membrane Science 2022, 649 , 120395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2022.120395
    7. Eyal Rahav, Natalia Belkin, Oluebube Nnebuo, Guy Sisma-Ventura, Tamar Guy-Haim, Revital Sharon-Gojman, Eyal Geisler, Edo Bar-Zeev. Jellyfish swarm impair the pretreatment efficiency and membrane performance of seawater reverse osmosis desalination. Water Research 2022, 215 , 118231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2022.118231
    8. Emily W. Tow, Behzad Rad, Robert Kostecki. Biofouling of filtration membranes in wastewater reuse: In situ visualization with confocal laser scanning microscopy. Journal of Membrane Science 2022, 644 , 120019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2021.120019
    9. Sajid Asghar, Ikram Ullah Khan, Saad Salman, Syed Haroon Khalid, Rabia Ashfaq, Thierry F. Vandamme. Plant-derived nanotherapeutic systems to counter the overgrowing threat of resistant microbes and biofilms. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 2021, 179 , 114019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2021.114019
    10. Naeem Niknafs, Alireza Jalali. Performance analysis of cross-flow forward osmosis membrane modules with mesh feed spacer using three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations. Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification 2021, 168 , 108583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2021.108583
    11. Andreas Kastl, Edo Bar-Zeev, Markus Spinnler, Thomas Sattelmayer. Impact of pulsating flows on particle deposition in forward osmosis with spacers. Journal of Membrane Science 2021, 635 , 119444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119444

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