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Contribution of Water-Soluble Organic Matter from Multiple Marine Geographic Eco-Regions to Aerosols around Antarctica

  • Matteo Rinaldi
    Matteo Rinaldi
    Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, Bologna 40129, Italy
  • Marco Paglione
    Marco Paglione
    Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, Bologna 40129, Italy
  • Stefano Decesari
    Stefano Decesari
    Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, Bologna 40129, Italy
  • Roy M. Harrison
    Roy M. Harrison
    National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
  • David C.S. Beddows
    David C.S. Beddows
    National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
  • Jurgita Ovadnevaite
    Jurgita Ovadnevaite
    School of Physics and Centre for Climate and Air Pollution Studies, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland
  • Darius Ceburnis
    Darius Ceburnis
    School of Physics and Centre for Climate and Air Pollution Studies, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland
  • Colin D. O’Dowd
    Colin D. O’Dowd
    School of Physics and Centre for Climate and Air Pollution Studies, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland
  • Rafel Simó
    Rafel Simó
    Institute of Marine Sciences, Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, Barcelona E-08003, Spain
    More by Rafel Simó
  • , and 
  • Manuel Dall’Osto*
    Manuel Dall’Osto
    Institute of Marine Sciences, Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, Barcelona E-08003, Spain
    *Email: [email protected]
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020, 54, 13, 7807–7817
Publication Date (Web):June 5, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c00695
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    We present shipborne measurements of size-resolved concentrations of aerosol components across ocean waters next to the Antarctic Peninsula, South Orkney Islands, and South Georgia Island, evidencing aerosol features associated with distinct eco-regions. Nonmethanesulfonic acid Water-Soluble Organic Matter (WSOM) represented 6–8% and 11–22% of the aerosol PM1 mass originated in open ocean (OO) and sea ice (SI) regions, respectively. Other major components included sea salt (86–88% OO, 24–27% SI), non sea salt sulfate (3–4% OO, 35–40% SI), and MSA (1–2% OO, 11–12% SI). The chemical composition of WSOM encompasses secondary organic components with diverse behaviors: while alkylamine concentrations were higher in SI air masses, oxalic acid showed higher concentrations in the open ocean air. Our online single-particle mass spectrometry data exclude a widespread source from sea bird colonies, while the secondary production of oxalic acid and sulfur-containing organic species via cloud processing is suggested. We claim that the potential impact of the sympagic planktonic ecosystem on aerosol composition has been overlooked in past studies, and multiple eco-regions act as distinct aerosol sources around Antarctica.

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 14 publications.

    1. Arianna Rocchi, Anabel von Jackowski, André Welti, Guangyu Li, Zamin A. Kanji, Vasiliy Povazhnyy, Anja Engel, Julia Schmale, Athanasios Nenes, Elisa Berdalet, Rafel Simó, Manuel Dall′Osto. Glucose Enhances Salinity-Driven Sea Spray Aerosol Production in Eastern Arctic Waters. Environmental Science & Technology 2024, 58 (20) , 8748-8759. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.4c02826
    2. Jiyi Jang, Ki-Tae Park, Young Jun Yoon, Sun-Yong Ha, Eunho Jang, Kyung Hwa Cho, Ji Yi Lee, Jiyeon Park. Molecular-level chemical composition of aerosol and its potential source tracking at Antarctic Peninsula. Environmental Research 2023, 27 , 117217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2023.117217
    3. Jiyi Jang, Jiyeon Park, Jongkwan Park, Young Jun Yoon, Manuel Dall’Osto, Ki-Tae Park, Eunho Jang, Ji Yi Lee, Kyung Hwa Cho, Bang Yong Lee. Ocean-atmosphere interactions: Different organic components across Pacific and Southern Oceans. Science of The Total Environment 2023, 878 , 162969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.162969
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    5. Shan Jiang, Laiqun Jin, Jie Jin, Juan Severino Pino Ibánhez, Ying Wu, Jing Zhang. Exploring feedback mechanisms for nitrogen and organic carbon cycling in tropical coastal zones. Frontiers in Marine Science 2022, 9 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.996655
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    7. Manuel Dall’Osto, Dolors Vaqué, Ana Sotomayor-Garcia, Miguel Cabrera-Brufau, Marta Estrada, Teresa Buchaca, Montserrat Soler, Sdena Nunes, Sebastian Zeppenfeld, Manuela van Pinxteren, Hartmut Herrmann, Heike Wex, Matteo Rinaldi, Marco Paglione, David C. S. Beddows, Roy M. Harrison, Elisa Berdalet. Sea Ice Microbiota in the Antarctic Peninsula Modulates Cloud-Relevant Sea Spray Aerosol Production. Frontiers in Marine Science 2022, 9 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.827061
    8. Songyun Fan, Yuan Gao, Barry Lai, Evert J. Elzinga, Shun Yu. Aerosol iron speciation and seasonal variation of iron oxidation state over the western Antarctic Peninsula. Science of The Total Environment 2022, 824 , 153890. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153890
    9. Eunho Jang, Ki-Tae Park, Young Jun Yoon, Kitae Kim, Yeontae Gim, Hyun Young Chung, Kitack Lee, Jinhee Choi, Jiyeon Park, Sang-Jong Park, Ja-Ho Koo, Rafael P. Fernandez, Alfonso Saiz-Lopez. First-year sea ice leads to an increase in dimethyl sulfide-induced particle formation in the Antarctic Peninsula. Science of The Total Environment 2022, 803 , 150002. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150002
    10. Andrea Baccarini, Josef Dommen, Katrianne Lehtipalo, Silvia Henning, Robin L. Modini, Martin Gysel‐Beer, Urs Baltensperger, Julia Schmale. Low‐Volatility Vapors and New Particle Formation Over the Southern Ocean During the Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2021, 126 (22) https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD035126
    11. G. Saliba, K. J. Sanchez, L. M. Russell, C. H. Twohy, G. C. Roberts, S. Lewis, J. Dedrick, C. S. McCluskey, K. Moore, P. J. DeMott, D. W. Toohey. Organic composition of three different size ranges of aerosol particles over the Southern Ocean. Aerosol Science and Technology 2021, 55 (3) , 268-288. https://doi.org/10.1080/02786826.2020.1845296
    12. Regina M. B. O. Duarte, João T. V. Matos, Armando C. Duarte. Multidimensional Analytical Characterization of Water-Soluble Organic Aerosols: Challenges and New Perspectives. Applied Sciences 2021, 11 (6) , 2539. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11062539
    13. Manuel s. Dall'Osto, a sotomayor, m cabrera, e berdalet, d vaque, s zeppenfeld, m vanpinxteren, h herrmann, h wex, m rinaldi, m paglione, d beddows, Roy M. Harrison, c avila, r martin, Jiyeon Park, a barbosa. Leaching Material from Antarctic Seaweeds and Penguin Guano Affects Cloud-Relevant Aerosol Production. SSRN Electronic Journal 2021, 54 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3992722
    14. Ruhi S. Humphries, Melita D. Keywood, Sean Gribben, Ian M. McRobert, Jason P. Ward, Paul Selleck, Sally Taylor, James Harnwell, Connor Flynn, Gourihar R. Kulkarni, Gerald G. Mace, Alain Protat, Simon P. Alexander, Greg McFarquhar. Southern Ocean latitudinal gradients of cloud condensation nuclei. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2021, 21 (16) , 12757-12782. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-12757-2021

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