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Arctic Primary Aerosol Production Strongly Influenced by Riverine Organic Matter

  • Jiyeon Park*
    Jiyeon Park
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
    *E-mail: [email protected]
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  • Manuel Dall’Osto
    Manuel Dall’Osto
    Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Pg. Marítim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
  • Kihong Park
    Kihong Park
    Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), 123 Cheomdangwagi-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61005, South Korea
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  • Jung-Hyun Kim
    Jung-Hyun Kim
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
  • Jongkwan Park
    Jongkwan Park
    School of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, 50, UNIST-gil, Ulsan 44919, South Korea
  • Ki-Tae Park
    Ki-Tae Park
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
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  • Chung Yeon Hwang
    Chung Yeon Hwang
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
  • Gwang Il Jang
    Gwang Il Jang
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
  • Yeontae Gim
    Yeontae Gim
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
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  • Sujin Kang
    Sujin Kang
    Department of Marine Science and Convergent Technology, Hanyang University, 55, Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do 15588, South Korea
    More by Sujin Kang
  • Sanghun Park
    Sanghun Park
    School of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, 50, UNIST-gil, Ulsan 44919, South Korea
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  • Yong Keun Jin
    Yong Keun Jin
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
  • Seong Soo Yum
    Seong Soo Yum
    Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Yonsei University, 50, Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, 03722, Seoul, South Korea
  • Rafel Simó
    Rafel Simó
    Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Pg. Marítim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    More by Rafel Simó
  • , and 
  • Young Jun Yoon
    Young Jun Yoon
    Korea Polar Research Institute, 26 Songdomirae-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21990, South Korea
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2019, 53, 15, 8621–8630
Publication Date (Web):July 16, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b03399
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    The sources of primary and secondary aerosols in the Arctic are still poorly known. A number of surface seawater samples—with varying degrees of Arctic riverine and sea ice influences—were used in a sea spray generation chamber to test them for their potential to produce sea spray aerosols (SSA) and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Our interdisciplinary data showed that both sea salt and organic matter (OM) significantly influenced the SSA production. The number concentration of SSA in the coastal samples was negatively correlated with salinity and positively correlated with a number of OM tracers, including dissolved and chromophoric organic carbon (DOC, CDOM), marine microgels and chlorophyll a (Chl-a) but not for viral and bacterial abundances; indicating that OM of riverine origin enhances primary aerosol production. When all samples were considered, transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) were found to be the best indicator correlating positively with the ratio number concentration of SSA/salinity. CCN efficiency was not observed to differ between the SSA from the various samples, despite differences in organic characteristics. It is suggested that the large amount of freshwater from river runoff have a substantial impact on primary aerosols production mechanisms, possibly affecting the cloud radiative forcing.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b03399.

    • Figures and tables showing seawater properties and location of 9 different sampling site: detailed measurements of SSA properties, average size distribution of SSA particles, concentration of OM tracers in surface seawater, correlations of DOC to CDOM and seawater salinity, typical EEM spectra of DOM samples, correlation between TEP and N (3 nm–1 μm)/salinity, and relationships between CCN concentrations of SSA and concentrations of various organic matter in seawater (PDF)

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    Cited By

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