ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity
Recently Viewed
You have not visited any articles yet, Please visit some articles to see contents here.
CONTENT TYPES

Figure 1Loading Img

Integrated Fluid Dynamic Gauge for Measuring the Thickness of Soft Solid Layers Immersed in Opaque, Viscous, and/or Non-Newtonian Liquids in Situ

  • Jheng-Han Tsai
    Jheng-Han Tsai
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Philippa Fawcett Drive, Cambridge CB3 0AS, U.K.
  • Bart Hallmark
    Bart Hallmark
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Philippa Fawcett Drive, Cambridge CB3 0AS, U.K.
  • , and 
  • D. Ian Wilson*
    D. Ian Wilson
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Philippa Fawcett Drive, Cambridge CB3 0AS, U.K.
    *E-mail: [email protected]. Phone +44 1223 334791.
Cite this: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58, 51, 23124–23134
Publication Date (Web):November 25, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.9b05299
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
Article Views
149
Altmetric
-
Citations
LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
Read OnlinePDF (3 MB)
Supporting Info (1)»

Abstract

Abstract Image

A new fluid dynamic gauging (FDG) device for monitoring the thickness of soft solid layers immersed in liquid in real time and in situ is demonstrated. An inductive proximity sensor is incorporated in the FDG nozzle head to allow the distance between the head and the layer, and an underlying metal substrate, to be determined simultaneously. The concept is demonstrated for copper and mild and stainless steel substrates for coated substrates and for liquids spanning a range of opacity and viscosity including water; whole ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) milk and commercial washing-up liquid (both opaque); and 1 and 3 wt % carboxymethylcellulose solutions (exhibiting non-Newtonian behavior). The resolution of the inductive sensor was ±10 μm or better and was unaffected by the liquid. Computational fluid dynamics simulations using OpenFOAM gave good agreement with experimental discharge coefficients for viscous and non-Newtonian fluids. A short study of the growth of ice crystals from skimmed UHT milk is presented.

Supporting Information

ARTICLE SECTIONS
Jump To

The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.iecr.9b05299.

  • Plots of apparent viscosities of 1 wt % CMC solutions and 3 wt % CMC solutions; oscillatory shear sweep for 3 wt % CMC solution with table of parameters of the eight-mode Maxwell model; geometry and mesh of 2D axisymmetric iFDG simulations; and effect of simulation mesh size on Cd (PDF)

Terms & Conditions

Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

Cited By

This article is cited by 1 publications.

  1. M. Helbig, J.-P. Majschak, H. Köhler. Direct measurement of the cohesive strength of whey protein gel in contact with NaOH by wire cutting experiments. Food and Bioproducts Processing 2022, 136 , 141-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbp.2022.09.003

Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

STEP 1:
Click to create an ACS ID

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

MENDELEY PAIRING EXPIRED
Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect

This website uses cookies to improve your user experience. By continuing to use the site, you are accepting our use of cookies. Read the ACS privacy policy.

CONTINUE