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Pourbaix Diagram of Astatine Revisited: Experimental Investigations

Cite this: Inorg. Chem. 2022, 61, 34, 13462–13470
Publication Date (Web):August 17, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c01918
Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    The Pourbaix diagram of an element displays its stable chemical forms with respect to the redox potential and pH of the solution, whose knowledge is fundamental for understanding and anticipating the chemistry of the element in a specified solution. Unlike most halogens, the Pourbaix diagram in the aqueous phase for astatine (At, Z = 85) is still under construction. In particular, the predominant domains of two astatine species assumed to exist under alkaline conditions, At and AtO(OH)2, need to be refined. Through high-performance ion-exchange chromatography, electromobility measurements, and competition experiments, the existence of At and AtO(OH)2 has been confirmed and the associated standard potential has been determined for the first time (0.86 ± 0.05 V vs the standard hydrogen electrode). On the basis of these results, a revised version of astatine’s Pourbaix diagram is proposed, covering the three oxidation states of astatine that exist in the thermodynamic stability range of water: At(−I), At(I), and At(III) (as At, At+, AtO+, AtO(OH), and AtO(OH)2).

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c01918.

    • Investigation of the interference of chemicals and astatine species, calculations of the apparent mobility of ions, and supplementary figures and tables (PDF)

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