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Impact of Conventional and Integrated Management Systems on the Water-Soluble Vitamin Content in Potatoes, Field Beans, and Cereals

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Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, UK
§ School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
*Tel: + 44 (0)1382 568919. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: J. Agric. Food Chem. 2018, 66, 4, 831–841
Publication Date (Web):December 19, 2017
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b03509
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    The reduction of the environmental footprint of crop production without compromising crop yield and their nutritional value is a key goal for improving the sustainability of agriculture. In 2009, the Balruddery Farm Platform was established at The James Hutton Institute as a long-term experimental platform for cross-disciplinary research of crops using two agricultural ecosystems. Crops representative of UK agriculture were grown under conventional and integrated management systems and analyzed for their water-soluble vitamin content. Integrated management, when compared with the conventional system, had only minor effects on water-soluble vitamin content, where significantly higher differences were seen for the conventional management practice on the levels of thiamine in field beans (p < 0.01), Spring barley (p < 0.05), and Winter wheat (p < 0.05), and for nicotinic acid in Spring barley (p < 0.05). However, for all crops, variety and year differences were of greater importance. These results indicate that the integrated management system described in this study does not significantly affect the water-soluble vitamin content of the crops analyzed here.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b03509.

    • Additional information about the methodology utilized, which includes the chemical structure of standards, chromatography profile, and MRM conditions for five B vitamins; generation of appropriate reference material for each of the matrices analyzed, and the respective relative standard deviation observed in extraction and injection replicates; for each of the analyzed crops, the p-values, log10 transformed mean values, and natural scale mean values (expressed as μg g–1 dry weight or mg g–1 dry weight) for the concentration of five B vitamins, and vitamin C (potato only) (PDF)

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