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Comparative Physiological and Proteomic Analysis of Two Sugar Beet Genotypes with Contrasting Salt Tolerance

  • Yuguang Wang
    Yuguang Wang
    Key Laboratory of Sugar Beet Genetic Breeding of Heilongjiang Province, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University  and  National Sugar Crop Improvement Centre, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    More by Yuguang Wang
  • Piergiorgio Stevanato
    Piergiorgio Stevanato
    DAFNAE, Dipartimento di Agronomia, Animali, Alimenti, Risorse Naturali e Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Padova, Viale dell’Università 16, Legnaro, Padova 35020, Italy
  • Chunhua Lv
    Chunhua Lv
    Key Laboratory of Sugar Beet Genetic Breeding of Heilongjiang Province, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University  and  National Sugar Crop Improvement Centre, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    More by Chunhua Lv
  • Renren Li
    Renren Li
    Key Laboratory of Sugar Beet Genetic Breeding of Heilongjiang Province, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University  and  National Sugar Crop Improvement Centre, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    More by Renren Li
  • , and 
  • Gui Geng*
    Gui Geng
    Key Laboratory of Sugar Beet Genetic Breeding of Heilongjiang Province, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University  and  National Sugar Crop Improvement Centre, Crop Academy of Heilongjiang University, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    *E-mail: [email protected]
    More by Gui Geng
Cite this: J. Agric. Food Chem. 2019, 67, 21, 6056–6073
Publication Date (Web):May 9, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b00244
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Soil salinity is one of the major constraints affecting agricultural production and crop yield. A detailed understanding of the underlying physiological and molecular mechanisms of the different genotypic salt tolerance response in crops under salinity is therefore a prerequisite for enhancing this tolerance. In this study, we explored the changes in physiological and proteome profiles of salt-sensitive (S210) and salt-tolerant (T510) sugar beet cultivars in response to salt stress. T510 showed better growth status, higher antioxidant enzymes activities and proline level, less Na accumulation, and lower P levels after salt-stress treatments. With iTRAQ-based comparative proteomics method, 47 and 56 differentially expressed proteins were identified in the roots and leaves of S210, respectively. In T510, 56 and 50 proteins changed significantly in the roots and leaves of T510, respectively. These proteins were found to be involved in multiple aspects of functions such as photosynthesis, metabolism, stress and defense, protein synthesis, and signal transduction. Our proteome results indicated that sensitive and tolerant sugar beet cultivars respond differently to salt stress. The proteins that were mapped to the protein modification, amino acid metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, cell wall synthesis, and reactive oxygen species scavenging changed differently between the sensitive and tolerant cultivars, suggesting that these pathways may promote salt tolerance in the latter. This work leads to a better understanding of the salinity mechanism in sugar beet and provides a list of potential markers for the further engineering of salt tolerance in crops.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b00244.

    • List of the QRT-PCR primer (PDF)

    • Peptide information on differentially expressed proteins identified by mass spectrometry (XLSX)

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