Conformational Constraint between Aromatic Residue Side Chains in the “Message” Sequence of the Peptide Arodyn Using Ring Closing Metathesis Results in a Potent and Selective Kappa Opioid Receptor Antagonist
- Solomon A. GisembaSolomon A. GisembaDepartment of Medicinal Chemistry, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, United StatesDepartment of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, United StatesMore by Solomon A. Gisemba
- Michael J. Ferracane
- Thomas F. Murray
- , and
- Jane V. Aldrich*
Kappa opioid receptor (KOR) antagonists have recently shown potential for treating drug addiction and mood disorders. The linear acetylated dynorphin A analog arodyn (Ac[Phe1,2,3,Arg4,d-Ala8]dynorphin A-(1–11)NH2), synthesized in our laboratory, demonstrated potent and selective KOR antagonism. Cyclization of arodyn could potentially stabilize the bioactive conformation and enhance its metabolic stability. The cyclization strategy employed involved ring closing metathesis between adjacent meta- or para-substituted Tyr(allyl) residues in the “message” sequence that were predicted in a docking study to yield analogs that would bind to the KOR with binding poses similar to arodyn. Consistent with the modeling, the resulting analogs retained KOR affinity similar to arodyn; the peptides involving cyclization between para O-allyl groups also retained high KOR selectivity, with one analog exhibiting KOR antagonist potency (KB = 15 nM) similar to arodyn. These promising cyclized analogs with constrained aromatic residues represent novel leads for further exploration of KOR pharmacology.
This article is cited by 3 publications.
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