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Ultrafast Molecular Spectroscopy Using a Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber Light Source

  • Nikoleta Kotsina
    Nikoleta Kotsina
    Institute of Photonics & Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
  • Federico Belli
    Federico Belli
    Institute of Photonics & Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
  • Shou-fei Gao
    Shou-fei Gao
    Beijing Engineering Research Centre of Laser Technology, Institute of Laser Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100124 Beijing, China
    More by Shou-fei Gao
  • Ying-ying Wang
    Ying-ying Wang
    Beijing Engineering Research Centre of Laser Technology, Institute of Laser Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100124 Beijing, China
  • Pu Wang
    Pu Wang
    Beijing Engineering Research Centre of Laser Technology, Institute of Laser Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100124 Beijing, China
    More by Pu Wang
  • John C. Travers
    John C. Travers
    Institute of Photonics & Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
  • , and 
  • Dave Townsend*
    Dave Townsend
    Institute of Photonics & Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
    Institute of Chemical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2019, 10, 4, 715–720
Publication Date (Web):January 29, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b03777
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

    Abstract Image

    We demonstrate, for the first time, the application of rare-gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers (HC-PCFs) as tunable ultraviolet light sources in femtosecond pump–probe spectroscopy. A critical requirement here is excellent output stability over extended periods of data acquisition, and we show this can be readily achieved. The time-resolved photoelectron imaging technique reveals nonadiabatic dynamical processes operating on three distinct time scales in the styrene molecule following excitation over the 242–258 nm region. These include ultrafast (<100 fs) internal conversion between the S2(ππ*) and S1(ππ*) electronic states and subsequent intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution within S1(ππ*). Compact, cost-effective, and highly efficient benchtop HC-PCF sources have huge potential to open up many exciting new avenues for ultrafast spectroscopy in the ultraviolet and vacuum ultraviolet spectral regions. We anticipate that our initial validation of this approach will generate important impetus in this area.

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 26 publications.

    1. Robbie Mears, Kerrianne Harrington, William J. Wadsworth, Jonathan C. Knight, James M. Stone, Tim A. Birks. Guidance of ultraviolet light down to 190 nm in a hollow-core optical fibre. Optics Express 2024, 32 (6) , 8520. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.509212
    2. John C. Travers. Optical solitons in hollow-core fibres. Optics Communications 2024, 555 , 130191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2023.130191
    3. Adam Filipkowski, Mariusz Klimczak, Dariusz Pysz, Ryszard Buczynski. Hollow-core fibers. 2024, 35-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-443-18495-6.00008-1
    4. Anastasiia Merdalimova, Viktor Vorobev, Anastasia Zanishevskaya, Stanislav Perevoschikov, Artem Aleksandrov, Polina Rudakovskaya, Yulia Skibina, Valery Tuchin, Dmitry Gorin. Hollow-core microstructured optical fibers and their applications for biosensing. 2024, 431-473. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-443-18495-6.00012-3
    5. Ann M. Lanari, Hans Christian Hansen Mulvad, Seyed Mohammad Abokhamis mousavi, Ian A Davidson, Qiang Fu, Peter Horak, David J Richardson, Francesco Poletti. High power Raman second stokes generation in a methane filled hollow core fiber. Optics Express 2023, 31 (25) , 41191. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.503620
    6. Lanh Chu Van, Ngoc Vo Thi Minh, Bao Tran Le Tran, Trong Dang Van, Phuong Nguyen Thi Hong, Trang Do Mai, Trung Le Canh, Hieu Van Le, Thuy Nguyen Thi, Thanh Thai Doan, Van Thuy Hoang. Broadband supercontinuum generation in cascaded tapered liquid core fiber. Optics Communications 2023, 537 , 129441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2023.129441
    7. Dave Townsend. Mapping extended reaction coordinates in photochemical dynamics. Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 2023, 395 , 111807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2023.111807
    8. Christian Brahms, John C. Travers. Efficient and compact source of tuneable ultrafast deep ultraviolet laser pulses at 50 kHz repetition rate. Optics Letters 2023, 48 (1) , 151. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.480103
    9. Michael S. Schuurman, Valérie Blanchet. Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy: the continuing evolution of a mature technique. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2022, 24 (34) , 20012-20024. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1CP05885A
    10. Nikoleta Kotsina, Christian Brahms, Sebastian L. Jackson, John C. Travers, Dave Townsend. Spectroscopic application of few-femtosecond deep-ultraviolet laser pulses from resonant dispersive wave emission in a hollow capillary fibre. Chemical Science 2022, 13 (33) , 9586-9594. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2SC02185D
    11. N. Ayyanar, G. Thavasi Raja, Skibina Y. S., Yashar E. Monfared, Zanishevskaya A. A., Shuvalov A. A., Gryaznov A. Yu. Hollow-Core Microstructured Optical Fiber Based Refractometer: Numerical Simulation and Experimental Studies. IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience 2022, 21 (2) , 194-198. https://doi.org/10.1109/TNB.2022.3144313
    12. Samad Roshan Entezar. Omnidirectional cylindrical graphene-based Bragg fiber in terahertz. Waves in Random and Complex Media 2021, , 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/17455030.2021.1979690
    13. Van Thuy Hoang, Grzegorz Stępniewski, Rafał Kasztelanic, Dariusz Pysz, Van Cao Long, Khoa Xuan Dinh, Mariusz Klimczak, Ryszard Buczyński. Enhancement of UV-visible transmission characteristics in wet-etched hollow core anti-resonant fibers. Optics Express 2021, 29 (12) , 18243. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.426388
    14. Nikoleta Kotsina, Dave Townsend. Improved insights in time-resolved photoelectron imaging. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2021, 23 (18) , 10736-10755. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1CP00933H
    15. Abubakar I. Adamu, Md. Selim Habib, Callum R. Smith, J. Enrique Antonio Lopez, Peter Uhd Jepsen, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa, Ole Bang, Christos Markos. Noise and spectral stability of deep-UV gas-filled fiber-based supercontinuum sources driven by ultrafast mid-IR pulses. Scientific Reports 2020, 10 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61847-w
    16. Martin J. Paterson, Dave Townsend. Rydberg-to-valence evolution in excited state molecular dynamics. International Reviews in Physical Chemistry 2020, 39 (4) , 517-567. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144235X.2020.1815389
    17. Christian Brahms, Federico Belli, John C. Travers. Resonant dispersive wave emission in hollow capillary fibers filled with pressure gradients. Optics Letters 2020, 45 (16) , 4456. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.398343
    18. Mengfan Wu, Chuyan Zhang, Fujing Wei, Huifang An, Xiaqing Wang, Dan Li, Haoyu Wang, Kexiong Wen, Qingyu Lin, Yixiang Duan. A self-assembly based on a hydrogel interface: facile, rapid, and large-scale preparation of colloidal photonic crystals. Materials Chemistry Frontiers 2020, 4 (8) , 2409-2417. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0QM00266F
    19. James S. Feehan, Enrico Brunetti, Samuel Yoffe, Wentao Li, Samuel M. Wiggins, Dino A. Jaroszynski, Jonathan H. V. Price. Noise-related polarization dynamics for femto and picosecond pulses in normal dispersion fibers. Optics Express 2020, 28 (15) , 21447. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.396404
    20. Wei Ding, Ying-Ying Wang, Shou-Fei Gao, Meng-Ling Wang, Pu Wang. Recent Progress in Low-Loss Hollow-Core Anti-Resonant Fibers and Their Applications. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 2020, 26 (4) , 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2019.2957445
    21. Nikoleta Kotsina, Marco Candelaresi, Lisa Saalbach, Magdalena M. Zawadzki, Stuart W. Crane, Chris Sparling, Dave Townsend. Short-wavelength probes in time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy: an extended view of the excited state dynamics in acetylacetone. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2020, 22 (8) , 4647-4658. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0CP00068J
    22. Abubakar I. Adamu, Yazhou Wang, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa, Ole Bang, Christos Markos. Noble and Raman-active Gas-Filled Hollow-Core Fiber Lasers. 2020, SoW1H.6. https://doi.org/10.1364/SOF.2020.SoW1H.6
    23. Shou‐fei Gao, Ying‐ying Wang, Wei Ding, Yi‐feng Hong, Pu Wang. Conquering the Rayleigh Scattering Limit of Silica Glass Fiber at Visible Wavelengths with a Hollow‐Core Fiber Approach. Laser & Photonics Reviews 2020, 14 (1) https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.201900241
    24. Federico Belli, Amir Abdolvand, John C. Travers, Philip St. J. Russell. Highly efficient deep UV generation by four-wave mixing in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber. Optics Letters 2019, 44 (22) , 5509. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.44.005509
    25. Alexey Ermolov, Christian Heide, Philip Dienstbier, Felix Köttig, Francesco Tani, Peter Hommelhoff, Philip St.J. Russell. Carrier-envelope-phase-stable soliton-based pulse compression to 44  fs and ultraviolet generation at the 800  kHz repetition rate. Optics Letters 2019, 44 (20) , 5005. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.44.005005
    26. John C. Travers, Teodora F. Grigorova, Christian Brahms, Federico Belli. High-energy pulse self-compression and ultraviolet generation through soliton dynamics in hollow capillary fibres. Nature Photonics 2019, 13 (8) , 547-554. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-019-0416-4

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