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Polymer–Graphene Oxide Quadlayer Thin-Film Assemblies with Improved Gas Barrier

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University (TAMU) 3122 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843-3122, United States
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University (TAMU) 3123 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843-3123, United States
*Telephone: 979-845-3027. Fax: 979-845-3081. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Langmuir 2015, 31, 21, 5919–5927
Publication Date (Web):May 13, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

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    Layer-by-layer assembly was used to create quadlayers (QLs) of chitosan (CH), poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), CH, and graphene oxide (GO). Electron microscopy confirmed GO coverage over the film and a highly ordered nanobrick wall structure. By varying pH deviation between CH and PAA, a thick and interdiffused polymer matrix was created because of the altered chain conformation. A 5 CH (pH 5.5)/PAA (pH 3)/CH (pH 5.5)/GO QL assembly (48 nm) exhibits very low oxygen permeability (3.9 × 10–20 cm3 cm cm–2 Pa–1 s–1) that matches SiOx barrier coatings. In an effort to maintain barrier performance under high humidity, GO was thermally reduced to increase hydrophobicity of the film. This reduction step increased H2/CO2 selectivity of a 5 QL film from 5 to 215, exceeding Robeson’s upper bound limit. This unique water-based multilayer nanocoating is very promising for a variety of gas purification and packaging applications.

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    Mass as a function of QLs deposited, including concentration of GO in a 5 QL film, and references used in Figure 7 (including the full terms of the membranes) because of the limited number of citations. The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b00717.

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