ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity
CONTENT TYPES

Polymer–Graphene Oxide Quadlayer Thin-Film Assemblies with Improved Gas Barrier

View Author Information
Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University (TAMU) 3122 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843-3122, United States
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University (TAMU) 3123 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843-3123, United States
*Telephone: 979-845-3027. Fax: 979-845-3081. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Langmuir 2015, 31, 21, 5919–5927
Publication Date (Web):May 13, 2015
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b00717
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

    Article Views

    1707

    Altmetric

    -

    Citations

    LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
    Other access options
    Supporting Info (1)»

    Abstract

    Abstract Image

    Layer-by-layer assembly was used to create quadlayers (QLs) of chitosan (CH), poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), CH, and graphene oxide (GO). Electron microscopy confirmed GO coverage over the film and a highly ordered nanobrick wall structure. By varying pH deviation between CH and PAA, a thick and interdiffused polymer matrix was created because of the altered chain conformation. A 5 CH (pH 5.5)/PAA (pH 3)/CH (pH 5.5)/GO QL assembly (48 nm) exhibits very low oxygen permeability (3.9 × 10–20 cm3 cm cm–2 Pa–1 s–1) that matches SiOx barrier coatings. In an effort to maintain barrier performance under high humidity, GO was thermally reduced to increase hydrophobicity of the film. This reduction step increased H2/CO2 selectivity of a 5 QL film from 5 to 215, exceeding Robeson’s upper bound limit. This unique water-based multilayer nanocoating is very promising for a variety of gas purification and packaging applications.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.

    Recommended

    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Supporting Information

    ARTICLE SECTIONS
    Jump To

    Mass as a function of QLs deposited, including concentration of GO in a 5 QL film, and references used in Figure 7 (including the full terms of the membranes) because of the limited number of citations. The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b00717.

    Terms & Conditions

    Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 64 publications.

    1. Rory Runser, Moses Kodur, Justin H. Skaggs, Deniz N. Cakan, Juliana B. Foley, Mickey Finn III, David P. Fenning, Darren J. Lipomi. Stability of Perovskite Films Encapsulated in Single- and Multi-Layer Graphene Barriers. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2021, 4 (9) , 10314-10322. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.1c02240
    2. Lorenza Maddalena, Tobias Benselfelt, Julio Gomez, Mahiar Max Hamedi, Alberto Fina, Lars Wågberg, Federico Carosio. Polyelectrolyte-Assisted Dispersions of Reduced Graphite Oxide Nanoplates in Water and Their Gas-Barrier Application. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2021, 13 (36) , 43301-43313. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.1c08889
    3. Minghui Liu, Sai Li, Yue Fang, Zhudan Chen, Maha Alyas, Jun Liu, Xiaofei Zeng, Liqun Zhang. Mechanical and Self-Healing Behavior of Matrix-Free Polymer Nanocomposites Constructed via Grafted Graphene Nanosheets. Langmuir 2020, 36 (26) , 7427-7438. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c00971
    4. Sanjay Kumar, Kishore Kumar Sriramoju, Vinod K. Aswal, Venkat Padmanabhan, G. Harikrishnan. Unraveling the Polymer Chain-Adsorbed Constrained Interfacial Region on an Atomistically Thin Carbon Sheet. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 2019, 123 (13) , 2994-3001. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b12577
    5. Yul Hui Shim, Kyung Eun Lee, Tae Joo Shin, Sang Ouk Kim, So Youn Kim. Tailored Colloidal Stability and Rheological Properties of Graphene Oxide Liquid Crystals with Polymer-Induced Depletion Attractions. ACS Nano 2018, 12 (11) , 11399-11406. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b06320
    6. Junjira Tanum, Jiwoong Heo, Jinkee Hong. Spontaneous Biomacromolecule Absorption and Long-Term Release by Graphene Oxide. ACS Omega 2018, 3 (5) , 5903-5909. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b00537
    7. Hongxia Wang, Jun Qian, and Fuyuan Ding . Emerging Chitosan-Based Films for Food Packaging Applications. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2018, 66 (2) , 395-413. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04528
    8. Michele Galizia, Won Seok Chi, Zachary P. Smith, Timothy C. Merkel, Richard W. Baker, and Benny D. Freeman . 50th Anniversary Perspective: Polymers and Mixed Matrix Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separation: A Review and Prospective Opportunities. Macromolecules 2017, 50 (20) , 7809-7843. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01718
    9. Yixuan Song, David A. Hagen, Shuang Qin, Kevin M. Holder, Kyle Falke, and Jaime C. Grunlan . Edge Charge Neutralization of Clay for Improved Oxygen Gas Barrier in Multilayer Nanobrick Wall Thin Films. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (50) , 34784-34790. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b12937
    10. Mohammad Humood, Shahla Chowdhury, Yixuan Song, Ping Tzeng, Jaime C. Grunlan, and Andreas A. Polycarpou . Nanomechanical Behavior of High Gas Barrier Multilayer Thin Films. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (17) , 11128-11138. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b11478
    11. Sheng-Yang Zhou, Hua-Dong Huang, Ling Xu, Zheng Yan, Gan-Ji Zhong, Benjamin S. Hsiao, and Zhong-Ming Li . In Situ Nanofibrillar Networks Composed of Densely Oriented Polylactide Crystals as Efficient Reinforcement and Promising Barrier Wall for Fully Biodegradable Poly(butylene succinate) Composite Films. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2016, 4 (5) , 2887-2897. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b00590
    12. Sheng-Yang Zhou, Hua-Dong Huang, Xu Ji, Ding-Xiang Yan, Gan-Ji Zhong, Benjamin S. Hsiao, and Zhong-Ming Li . Super-Robust Polylactide Barrier Films by Building Densely Oriented Lamellae Incorporated with Ductile in Situ Nanofibrils of Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate). ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (12) , 8096-8109. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b00451
    13. Shams Anwar, Xianguo Li. A review of high-quality epoxy resins for corrosion-resistant applications. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 2024, 69 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-023-00865-5
    14. Xin Gao, Jiayi Chen, Runjing Xu, Zheng Zhen, Xiantai Zeng, Xiaodong Chen, Lifeng Cui. Research progress and prospect of the materials of bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2024, 50 , 711-743. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.09.005
    15. Akash Kumar, Sangeeta Yadav, Jhilam Pramanik, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi, Titilope John Jayeoye, Bhupendra G. Prajapati, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut. Chitosan-Based Composites: Development and Perspective in Food Preservation and Biomedical Applications. Polymers 2023, 15 (15) , 3150. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15153150
    16. Ali Reza Akbarzadeh, Mir Saeed Esmaeili, Sina Parvaz, Pegah Nazarizadeh, Rahime Eshaghi Malekshah. Wastewater purification from drug (BEN) and poison (MAL) by graphene oxide/guar gum/CuO (GOGC): A novel MD simulation of carbon nanocomposite architecting for experimental contaminants removing. Diamond and Related Materials 2023, 136 , 110039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2023.110039
    17. Zhen Huang, Jinshuai Zhang, Zheng Wang, Xiangyang Peng, Jiapeng Fang, Chunqing He, Pengfei Fang. Study on NO2 Barrier Properties of RTV Silicone Rubber by Incorporation of Functional Graphene Oxide. Materials 2023, 16 (5) , 1982. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16051982
    18. Shweta Kailash Pal, S. Nithyas, Swaminathan Subhashini. Nanoencapsulation techniques for antimicrobial developments. 2023, 23-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-91156-6.00020-8
    19. Sicheng Yuan, Yue Sun, Chengsheng Yang, Yang Zhang, Chang Cong, Ye Yuan, Dan Lin, Luchao Pei, Yanji Zhu, Huaiyuan Wang. A novel dual-functional epoxy-based composite coating with exceptional anti-corrosion and enhanced hydrogen gas barrier properties. Chemical Engineering Journal 2022, 449 , 137876. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.137876
    20. Vinicius Rossa, Luanne Ester Monteiro Ferreira, Sancler da Costa Vasconcelos, Eric Thomas Tai Shimabukuro, Vinicius Gomes da Costa Madriaga, Anna Paula Carvalho, Sibele Berenice Castellã Pergher, Fernando de Carvalho da Silva, Vitor Francisco Ferreira, Carlos Adam Conte Junior, Thiago de Melo Lima. Nanocomposites based on the graphene family for food packaging: historical perspective, preparation methods, and properties. RSC Advances 2022, 12 (22) , 14084-14111. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2RA00912A
    21. S. Naskar, K.B. Shingare, S. Mondal, T. Mukhopadhyay. Flexoelectricity and surface effects on coupled electromechanical responses of graphene reinforced functionally graded nanocomposites: A unified size-dependent semi-analytical framework. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing 2022, 169 , 108757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymssp.2021.108757
    22. Chongshan Yin, Xuan Du, Zhi Ding, Qing Zeng, Xi Li, Chunqing He, Bangyun Xiong, Jingjing Li, Yawei Zhou. Gas permeation and microstructure of reduced graphene oxide/polyethyleneimine multilayer films created via recast and layer-by-layer deposition processes. RSC Advances 2022, 12 (11) , 6561-6572. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1RA09205G
    23. Samiran Upadhyaya, Neelotpal Sen Sarma. Biodegradable plastics as a substitute to traditional polythenes: a step toward a safer environment. 2022, 193-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-90034-8.00004-X
    24. Manab Deb Adhikari, Palas Samanta. Chitosan-Based Composites as Sustainable Food Packaging Materials. 2022, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-4921-9_92-1
    25. Ok Beom Seo, Subhabrata Saha, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee. Preparation of functionalized MXene-stitched-graphene oxide/poly (ethylene-co-acrylic acid) nanocomposite with enhanced hydrogen gas barrier properties. Journal of Membrane Science 2021, 640 , 119839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119839
    26. Eduarda Freitas Diogo Januário, Taynara Basso Vidovix, Natália de Camargo Lima Beluci, Rebecca Manesco Paixão, Luiz Henrique Biscaia Ribeiro da Silva, Natália Cândido Homem, Rosangela Bergamasco, Angélica Marquetotti Salcedo Vieira. Advanced graphene oxide-based membranes as a potential alternative for dyes removal: A review. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 789 , 147957. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147957
    27. Lei Zhang, Wupin Wang, Haitang Wu, Zeyu Zheng, Ming Wei, Xiaohua Huang. Corrosion-resistant composite coatings based on a graphene oxide–metal oxide/urushiol formaldehyde polymer system. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 2021, 18 (5) , 1209-1225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-021-00480-2
    28. Jinshuai Zhang, Shiwen Du, Zheng Wang, Libing Qian, Chunqing He, Zhen Huang, Xiangyang Peng, Hu Xu, Pengfei Fang. Prominently enhanced corrosive gas NO2 resistibility for silicone rubber composite coatings by incorporation of functional g-C3N4 nanosheets. Progress in Organic Coatings 2021, 157 , 106292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.porgcoat.2021.106292
    29. Kwang Il Jeong, Jaehyung Oh, Seung A Song, Dongyoung Lee, Dai Gil Lee, Seong Su Kim. A review of composite bipolar plates in proton exchange membrane fuel cells: Electrical properties and gas permeability. Composite Structures 2021, 262 , 113617. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.113617
    30. Minxiang Zeng, Mingfeng Chen, Dali Huang, Shijun Lei, Xuan Zhang, Ling Wang, Zhengdong Cheng. Engineered two-dimensional nanomaterials: an emerging paradigm for water purification and monitoring. Materials Horizons 2021, 8 (3) , 758-802. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0MH01358G
    31. Yufeng Li, Zongjun Tang, Wenlin Wang, Xiong Huang, Yanna Lv, Fang Qian, Yi Cheng, Haisong Wang. Improving air barrier, water vapor permeability properties of cellulose paper by layer-by-layer assembly of graphene oxide. Carbohydrate Polymers 2021, 253 , 117227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.117227
    32. Nikshunj Sharma, Sumit Sharma. Anticorrosive coating of polymer composites: A review. Materials Today: Proceedings 2021, 44 , 4498-4502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.10.726
    33. Elnaz Halakoo, Xianshe Feng. Self-assembled membranes from polyethylenimine and graphene oxide for pervaporation dehydration of ethylene glycol. Journal of Membrane Science 2020, 616 , 118583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118583
    34. S.I. Kundalwal, K.B. Shingare, Madhur Gupta. Flexoelectric effect on electric potential in piezoelectric graphene-based composite nanowire: Analytical and numerical modelling. European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids 2020, 84 , 104050. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2020.104050
    35. Hao Yang, Zongming Shao, Wei Wang, Xiang Ji, Chunjing Li. A composite coating of GO-Al2O3 for tritium permeation barrier. Fusion Engineering and Design 2020, 156 , 111689. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2020.111689
    36. Ruchir Priyadarshi, Jong-Whan Rhim. Chitosan-based biodegradable functional films for food packaging applications. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies 2020, 62 , 102346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2020.102346
    37. Elnaz Halakoo, Xianshe Feng. Layer-by-layer assembled membranes from graphene oxide and polyethyleneimine for ethanol and isopropanol dehydration. Chemical Engineering Science 2020, 216 , 115488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2020.115488
    38. Muhammad Zubair, Muhammad Arshad, Rehan Ali Pradhan, Aman Ullah. Chitosan/chitin-based composites for food packaging applications. 2020, 641-670. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-817966-6.00020-0
    39. Chungyeon Cho, Noah Bittner, Woongchul Choi, Jui‐Hung Hsu, Choongho Yu, Jaime C. Grunlan. Thermally Enhanced n‐Type Thermoelectric Behavior in Completely Organic Graphene Oxide‐Based Thin Films. Advanced Electronic Materials 2019, 5 (11) https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201800465
    40. Junjira Tanum, Hyejoong Jeong, Jiwoong Heo, Moonhyun Choi, Kyungtae Park, Jinkee Hong. Assembly of graphene oxide multilayer film for stable and sustained release of nitric oxide gas. Applied Surface Science 2019, 486 , 452-459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.04.260
    41. K.B. Shingare, S.I. Kundalwal. Static and dynamic response of graphene nanocomposite plates with flexoelectric effect. Mechanics of Materials 2019, 134 , 69-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2019.04.006
    42. Z. M. Wright, A. M. Arnold, B. D. Holt, K. E. Eckhart, S. A. Sydlik. Functional Graphenic Materials, Graphene Oxide, and Graphene as Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration. Regenerative Engineering and Translational Medicine 2019, 5 (2) , 190-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40883-018-0081-z
    43. Shaohui Liu, Ya Wu, Jun Nie, Yong He. UV-cured organic–inorganic hybrid moisture barrier materials based on polybutadiene dimethacrylate. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 2019, 16 (2) , 429-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-018-0121-0
    44. Moonhyun Choi, Jiwoong Heo, Hyunyoung Kim, Sang Wook Kang, Jinkee Hong. Control of gas permeability by transforming the molecular structure of silk fibroin in multilayered nanocoatings for CO2 adsorptive separation. Journal of Membrane Science 2019, 573 , 554-559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2018.12.011
    45. Araz Siabi-Garjan, Reza Hassanzadeh. A computational approach for engineering optical properties of multilayer thin films: Particle swarm optimization applied to Bruggeman homogenization formalism. The European Physical Journal Plus 2018, 133 (10) https://doi.org/10.1140/epjp/i2018-12203-y
    46. Song-Moo Lee, Hun Jeong, Nam Hoon Kim, Hong-Gun Kim, Joong Hee Lee. Layer-by-layer assembled graphene oxide/polydiallydimethylammonium chloride composites for hydrogen gas barrier application. Advanced Composite Materials 2018, 27 (5) , 457-466. https://doi.org/10.1080/09243046.2018.1510591
    47. Nelson Marcos Larocca, Rubens Bernardes Filho, Luiz Antonio Pessan. Influence of layer-by-layer deposition techniques and incorporation of layered double hydroxides (LDH) on the morphology and gas barrier properties of polyelectrolytes multilayer thin films. Surface and Coatings Technology 2018, 349 , 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.05.030
    48. Xuyang Li, Parthasarathi Bandyopadhyay, Thanh Tuan Nguyen, Ok-kyung Park, Joong Hee Lee. Fabrication of functionalized graphene oxide/maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene composite film with excellent gas barrier and anticorrosion properties. Journal of Membrane Science 2018, 547 , 80-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2017.10.031
    49. Chong-You Chen, Chia-Lin Chen, Chang-Ming Wang, Wei-Ssu Liao. Laminated Copper Nanocluster Incorporated Antioxidative Paper Device with RGB System-Assisted Signal Improvement. Nanomaterials 2018, 8 (2) , 97. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8020097
    50. Souvik De, Jodie L. Lutkenhaus. Corrosion behaviour of eco-friendly airbrushed reduced graphene oxide-poly(vinyl alcohol) coatings. Green Chemistry 2018, 20 (2) , 506-514. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7GC02882B
    51. Sung Cik Mun, Jung Jin Park, Yong Tae Park, Do Youb Kim, Sang Woo Lee, Monica Cobos, Seong Ji Ye, Christopher W. Macosko, O Ok Park. High electrical conductivity and oxygen barrier property of polymer-stabilized graphene thin films. Carbon 2017, 125 , 492-499. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.088
    52. Thanh Tuan Nguyen, Parthasarathi Bandyopadhyay, Xuyang Li, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee. Effects of grafting methods for functionalization of graphene oxide by dodecylamine on the physical properties of its polyurethane nanocomposites. Journal of Membrane Science 2017, 540 , 108-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2017.06.040
    53. S.J. Chiong, P.S. Goh, A.F. Ismail. Novel hydrophobic PVDF/APTES-GO nanocomposite for natural gas pipelines coating. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 2017, 42 , 190-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2017.02.042
    54. Toby Sainsbury, Sam Gnaniah, Steve J. Spencer, Sandro Mignuzzi, Natalie A. Belsey, Keith R. Paton, Amro Satti. Extreme mechanical reinforcement in graphene oxide based thin-film nanocomposites via covalently tailored nanofiller matrix compatibilization. Carbon 2017, 114 , 367-376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2016.11.061
    55. Hongyu Liu, Parthasarathi Bandyopadhyay, Tolendra Kshetri, Nam Hoon Kim, Bon-Cheol Ku, Bongho Moon, Joong Hee Lee. Layer-by-layer assembled polyelectrolyte-decorated graphene multilayer film for hydrogen gas barrier application. Composites Part B: Engineering 2017, 114 , 339-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.02.007
    56. Hualin Wang, Baicheng Niu, Minmin Chen, Lilan Hao, Xinmin Cao, Shaotong Jiang. Facile layer-by-layer assembly to construct methoxybenzene group functionalized graphene/poly (ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) barrier films under parallel electric field. Materials & Design 2017, 118 , 226-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2017.01.048
    57. Daisuke Saeki, Hideto Matsuyama. Ultrathin and ordered stacking of silica nanoparticles via spin-assisted layer-by-layer assembly under dehydrated conditions for the fabrication of ultrafiltration membranes. Journal of Membrane Science 2017, 523 , 60-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2016.09.056
    58. Yul Hui Shim, Kyung Eun Lee, Tae Joo Shin, Sang Ouk Kim, So Youn Kim. Wide concentration liquid crystallinity of graphene oxide aqueous suspensions with interacting polymers. Mater. Horiz. 2017, 4 (6) , 1157-1164. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7MH00624A
    59. Woong Bi Park, Parthasarathi Bandyopadhyay, Thanh Tuan Nguyen, Tapas Kuila, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee. Effect of high molecular weight polyethyleneimine functionalized graphene oxide coated polyethylene terephthalate film on the hydrogen gas barrier properties. Composites Part B: Engineering 2016, 106 , 316-323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.09.048
    60. Qian Nan, Pei Li, Bing Cao. Fabrication of positively charged nanofiltration membrane via the layer-by-layer assembly of graphene oxide and polyethylenimine for desalination. Applied Surface Science 2016, 387 , 521-528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.06.150
    61. Jianfeng Zhang, Shuai Liang, Liyun Yu, Anne Ladegaard Skov, Hussein M. Etmimi, Peter E. Mallon, Alex Adronov, Michael A. Brook. Silicone-modified graphene oxide fillers via the Piers-Rubinsztajn reaction. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2016, 54 (15) , 2379-2385. https://doi.org/10.1002/pola.28112
    62. Yixuan Song, Ping Tzeng, Jaime C. Grunlan. Super Oxygen and Improved Water Vapor Barrier of Polypropylene Film with Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Nanocoatings. Macromolecular Rapid Communications 2016, 37 (12) , 963-968. https://doi.org/10.1002/marc.201600140
    63. R. Rajasekar, K. V. Mahesh Kumar, K. Krishnamurthy, P. Sathish Kumar. Multilayer (Fuel) Storage Tank. 2016, 301-324. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7324-9_11
    64. Tianyi Lu, Rong Fan, Luis F. Delgadillo, Jiandi Wan. Stabilization of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) bubbles in micrometer-diameter aqueous droplets and the formation of hollow microparticles. Lab on a Chip 2016, 16 (9) , 1587-1592. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6LC00242K

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    MENDELEY PAIRING EXPIRED
    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect