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Fast and Simple Preparation of Patterned Surfaces with Hydrophilic Polymer Brushes by Micromolding in Capillaries

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Organic Chemistry Institute and Center for Soft Nanoscience, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstrasse 40, 48149 Münster, Germany
Soft Matter Synthesis Laboratory, Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
§ Preparative Macromolecular Chemistry, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstrasse 18, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
Cite this: Langmuir 2015, 31, 50, 13625–13631
Publication Date (Web):November 24, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Micropatterns of hydrophilic polymer brushes were prepared by micromolding in capillaries (MIMIC). The polymers are covalently bound to the surfaces by a rapid hetero Diels–Alder reaction, constituting the first example of polymers grafted to surfaces in a defined pattern by MIMIC. The polymers [poly(acrylic acid), poly(hydroxyethyl acrylate), and poly(tetraethylene glycol acrylate) ranging in molecular weight from 1500 to 6000 g mol–1] were prepared with narrow dispersities via the reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) process using a highly electron deficient RAFT agent that can react with surface-anchored dienes such as cyclopentadiene. We demonstrate that the anchoring method is facile to perform and highly suitable for preparing patterned surfaces that are passivated against biological impact in well-defined areas.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b03924.

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