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Deep-Subwavelength 2D Periodic Surface Nanostructures on Diamond by Double-Pulse Femtosecond Laser Irradiation

  • Matteo Mastellone*
    Matteo Mastellone
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, DiaTHEMA Lab, Sede Secondaria di Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma, Italy
    *Email: [email protected]
  • Alessandro Bellucci
    Alessandro Bellucci
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, DiaTHEMA Lab, Sede Secondaria di Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma, Italy
  • Marco Girolami
    Marco Girolami
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, DiaTHEMA Lab, Sede Secondaria di Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma, Italy
  • Valerio Serpente
    Valerio Serpente
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, DiaTHEMA Lab, Sede Secondaria di Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma, Italy
  • Riccardo Polini
    Riccardo Polini
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, DiaTHEMA Lab, Sede Secondaria di Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma, Italy
    Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
  • Stefano Orlando
    Stefano Orlando
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sede Secondaria di Tito Scalo, Area Industriale−Contrada S. Loia, 85050 Tito Scalo, Potenza, Italy
  • Antonio Santagata
    Antonio Santagata
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sede Secondaria di Tito Scalo, Area Industriale−Contrada S. Loia, 85050 Tito Scalo, Potenza, Italy
  • Elisa Sani
    Elisa Sani
    Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO−CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Largo E. Fermi, 6, I-50125 Firenze, Italy
    More by Elisa Sani
  • Frank Hitzel
    Frank Hitzel
    Semilab Germany GmbH, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    More by Frank Hitzel
  • , and 
  • Daniele M. Trucchi
    Daniele M. Trucchi
    Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, DiaTHEMA Lab, Sede Secondaria di Montelibretti, Via Salaria km 29,300, 00015 Monterotondo Stazione, Roma, Italy
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 10, 4477–4483
Publication Date (Web):May 7, 2021
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01310
Copyright © 2021 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Two-dimensional laser-induced periodic surface structures with a deep-subwavelength periodicity (80 nm ≈ λ/10) are obtained for the first time on diamond surfaces. The distinctive surface nanotexturing is achieved by employing a single step technique that relies on irradiation with two temporally delayed and cross-polarized femtosecond-laser pulses (100 fs duration, 800 nm wavelength, 1 kHz repetition rate) generated with a Michelson-like interferometer configuration, followed by chemical etching of surface debris. In this Letter, we demonstrate that, if the delay between two consecutive pulses is ≤2 ps, the 2D periodicity of nanostructures can be tuned by controlling the number of pulses irradiating the surface. Under scanning mode, the method is effective in treating uniformly large areas of diamond, so to induce remarkable antireflection properties able to enhance the absorptance in the visible up to 50 times and to pave the route toward the creation of metasurfaces for future diamond-based optoelectronic devices.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01310.

    • Details on the experimental method for the generation of a train of double and temporally delayed femtosecond laser pulses, additional surface morphologies characterizations, and 2D fast Fourier transform (2D-FFT) analysis of SEM images (PDF)

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