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High Utilization of Composite Magnesium Metal Anodes Enabled by a Magnesiophilic Coating

  • Yuanjian Li
    Yuanjian Li
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
    More by Yuanjian Li
  • Gaoliang Yang
    Gaoliang Yang
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
  • Shengnan Sun
    Shengnan Sun
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
    More by Shengnan Sun
  • Chang Zhang
    Chang Zhang
    School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China
    More by Chang Zhang
  • Carina Yi Jing Lim
    Carina Yi Jing Lim
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
  • Andrew Jun Yao Wong
    Andrew Jun Yao Wong
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
  • Wei Ying Lieu
    Wei Ying Lieu
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
  • Zdenek Sofer
    Zdenek Sofer
    Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    More by Zdenek Sofer
  • Man-Fai Ng
    Man-Fai Ng
    Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 1 Fusionopolis Way, Connexis, Singapore 138632, Singapore
    More by Man-Fai Ng
  • Wei Liu
    Wei Liu
    School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China
    More by Wei Liu
  • , and 
  • Zhi Wei Seh*
    Zhi Wei Seh
    Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Innovis, Singapore 138634, Singapore
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Zhi Wei Seh
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2022, 22, 16, 6808–6815
Publication Date (Web):August 10, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c02829
Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Metallic magnesium is a promising high-capacity anode material for energy storage technologies beyond lithium-ion batteries. However, most reported Mg metal anodes are only cyclable under shallow cycling (≤1 mAh cm–2) and thus poor Mg utilization (<3%) conditions, significantly compromising their energy-dense characteristic. Herein, composite Mg metal anodes with high capacity utilization of 75% are achieved by coating magnesiophilic gold nanoparticles on copper foils for the first time. Benefiting from homogeneous ionic flux and uniform deposition morphology, the Mg-plated Au–Cu electrode exhibits high average Coulombic efficiency of 99.16% over 170 h cycling at 75% Mg utilization. Moreover, the full cell based on Mg-plated Au–Cu anode and Mo6S8 cathode achieves superior capacity retention of 80% after 300 cycles at a low negative/positive ratio of 1.33. This work provides a simple yet effective general strategy to enhance Mg utilization and reversibility, which can be extended to other metal anodes as well.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c02829.

    • Experimental details, SEM images, AFM images, EDS mappings, digital photos, EIS spectra, XRD patterns, XPS spectra, and galvanostatic charge–discharge profiles (PDF)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 6 publications.

    1. Jianbiao Wang, Albertus D. Handoko, Yang Bai, Gaoliang Yang, Yuanjian Li, Zhenxiang Xing, Man-Fai Ng, Zhi Wei Seh. High-Performance NiS2 Hollow Nanosphere Cathodes in Magnesium-Ion Batteries Enabled by Tunable Redox Chemistry. Nano Letters 2022, 22 (24) , 10184-10191. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c04293
    2. Gaoliang Yang, Yuanjian Li, Chang Zhang, Jianbiao Wang, Yang Bai, Carina Yi Jing Lim, Man-Fai Ng, Zhi Chang, Sonal Kumar, Zdenek Sofer, Wei Liu, Zhi Wei Seh. In Situ Formed Magnesiophilic Sites Guiding Uniform Deposition for Stable Magnesium Metal Anodes. Nano Letters 2022, 22 (22) , 9138-9146. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c03710
    3. Guodong Zou, Jiawen Feng, Xue Zhao, Jinming Wang, Yangyang Wang, Weihao Yang, Mengyao Wei, Yimin Wang, Lanjie Li, Liqun Ren, Carlos Fernandez, Qiuming Peng. On the bramble way to Mg metal anodes in secondary Mg ion batteries. Journal of Materials Science & Technology 2023, 150 , 175-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmst.2022.11.038
    4. Yuanjian Li, Wei Ying Lieu, Tanmay Ghosh, Lin Fu, Xiang Feng, Andrew Jun Yao Wong, Anupma Thakur, Brian C. Wyatt, Babak Anasori, Qianfan Zhang, Hui Ying Yang, Zhi Wei Seh. Double‐Transition‐Metal MXene Films Promoting Deeply Rechargeable Magnesium Metal Batteries. Small Methods 2023, 5 , 2201598. https://doi.org/10.1002/smtd.202201598
    5. Eslam Mohamed Sheha, Mohamed Farrag, Hanan Saber Refai, Mohamed Mahmoud El-Desoky, Esam Abdel-Hady. Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy as a Diagnostic Tool for Probing the First‐Cycle Defect Evolution in Magnesium–Sulfur Battery Electrodes. physica status solidi (a) 2023, 220 (3) , 2200661. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.202200661
    6. Yuanjian Li, Gaoliang Yang, Chang Zhang, Wei Ying Lieu, Carina Yi Jing Lim, Shengnan Sun, Jianbiao Wang, Shunqiong Jiang, Zhenxiang Xing, Zdenek Sofer, Man‐Fai Ng, Wei Liu, Zhi Wei Seh. Grain‐Boundary‐Rich Triphasic Artificial Hybrid Interphase Toward Practical Magnesium Metal Anodes. Advanced Functional Materials 2023, 33 (5) , 2210639. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202210639

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