ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

In Situ TEM Analysis of Organic–Inorganic Metal-Halide Perovskite Solar Cells under Electrical Bias

View Author Information
Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Rue de la Maladière 71B, Neuchâtel CH-2000, Switzerland
§ Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, Basel CH-4056, Switzerland
Ernst Ruska—Centre for Microscopy and Spectroscopy with Electrons and Peter Grünberg Institute, Forschungszentrum Jülich D-52425, Germany
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2016, 16, 11, 7013–7018
Publication Date (Web):October 24, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options
    Supporting Info (1)»


    Abstract Image

    Changes in the nanostructure of methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) perovskite solar cells are assessed as a function of current–voltage stimulus by biasing thin samples in situ in a transmission electron microscope. Various degradation pathways are identified both in situ and ex situ, predominantly at the positively biased MAPbI3 interface. Iodide migrates into the positively biased charge transport layer and also volatilizes along with organic species, which triggers the nucleation of PbI2 nanoparticles and voids and hence decreases the cell performance.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Supporting Information

    Jump To

    The following files are available free of charge. Supporting Information (PDF) The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b03158.

    • Figures showing the microstructural effects of air exposure, sample thickness, in situ and ex situ JV characterization and electron beam irradiation in addition to JV curves obtained in situ and ex situ. (PDF)

    Terms & Conditions

    Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system:

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 113 publications.

    1. Guanxing Li, Hui Zhang, Yu Han. Applications of Transmission Electron Microscopy in Phase Engineering of Nanomaterials. Chemical Reviews 2023, 123 (17) , 10728-10749.
    2. Hui Yang, Xiaodong Li, Xuemin Guo, Chunyan Lu, Haobo Yuan, Acan Liu, Wenxiao Zhang, Junfeng Fang. Enhancing the Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells through an Iodine Confining Strategy. ACS Energy Letters 2023, 8 (9) , 3793-3799.
    3. Tianwei Duan, Weizhen Wang, Songhua Cai, Yuanyuan Zhou. On-Chip Light-Incorporated In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy of Metal Halide Perovskite Materials. ACS Energy Letters 2023, 8 (7) , 3048-3053.
    4. Stefania Cacovich, Pia Dally, Guillaume Vidon, Marie Legrand, Stéphanie Gbegnon, Jean Rousset, Jean-Baptiste Puel, Jean-François Guillemoles, Philip Schulz, Muriel Bouttemy, Arnaud Etcheberry. In-Depth Chemical and Optoelectronic Analysis of Triple-Cation Perovskite Thin Films by Combining XPS Profiling and PL Imaging. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2022, 14 (30) , 34228-34237.
    5. Gemma Martín, Catalina Coll, Lluís López-Conesa, José Manuel Rebled, Enrique Barrigón, Iván García, Ignacio Rey-Stolle, Carlos Algora, Albert Cornet, Sònia Estradé, Francesca Peiró. Understanding the Anisotropy in the Electrical Conductivity of CuPtB-type Ordered GaInP Thin Films by Combining In Situ TEM Biasing and First Principles Calculations. ACS Applied Electronic Materials 2022, 4 (7) , 3478-3485.
    6. Tianxiang Yuan, Wei Dong, Wenjian Shen, Yao Dong, Yongshun Wang, Chan Yang, Xin Li, Xingzhan Wei, Fuzhi Huang, Yi-Bing Cheng, Jie Zhong. Highly Crystalline Graphene as the Atomic 2D Blanket of a Perovskite Absorber for Enhanced Photovoltaic Performance. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2022, 14 (21) , 24864-24874.
    7. Stephen Campbell, Martial Duchamp, Bethan Ford, Michael Jones, Linh Lan Nguyen, Matthew C. Naylor, Xinya Xu, Pietro Maiello, Guillaume Zoppi, Vincent Barrioz, Neil S. Beattie, Yongtao Qu. Recovery Mechanisms in Aged Kesterite Solar Cells. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2022, 5 (5) , 5404-5414.
    8. Yuanmin Zhu, Shixun Wang, Bai Li, Xuming Yang, Duojie Wu, Shihui Feng, Lei Li, Andrey L. Rogach, Meng Gu. Twist-to-Untwist Evolution and Cation Polarization Behavior of Hybrid Halide Perovskite Nanoplatelets Revealed by Cryogenic Transmission Electron Microscopy. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2021, 12 (51) , 12187-12195.
    9. Min-cheol Kim, Namyoung Ahn, Diyi Cheng, Mingjie Xu, So-Yeon Ham, Xiaoqing Pan, Suk Jun Kim, Yanqi Luo, David P. Fenning, Darren H. S. Tan, Minghao Zhang, Guomin Zhu, Kiwan Jeong, Mansoo Choi, Ying Shirley Meng. Imaging Real-Time Amorphization of Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells under Electrical Biasing. ACS Energy Letters 2021, 6 (10) , 3530-3537.
    10. Elizaveta Tyukalova, Joseph Vimal Vas, Reinis Ignatans, Aaron David Mueller, Rohit Medwal, Masaaki Imamura, Hironori Asada, Yasuhiro Fukuma, Rajdeep Singh Rawat, Vasiliki Tileli, Martial Duchamp. Challenges and Applications to Operando and In Situ TEM Imaging and Spectroscopic Capabilities in a Cryogenic Temperature Range. Accounts of Chemical Research 2021, 54 (16) , 3125-3135.
    11. Fangyan Liu, Mengye Wang, Xiaolong Liu, Biao Wang, Caifu Li, Chenning Liu, Zhang Lin, Feng Huang. A Rapid and Robust Light-and-Solution-Triggered In Situ Crafting of Organic Passivating Membrane over Metal Halide Perovskites for Markedly Improved Stability and Photocatalysis. Nano Letters 2021, 21 (4) , 1643-1650.
    12. Chittaranjan Das, Michael Wussler, Tim Hellmann, Thomas Mayer, Iwan Zimmermann, Clément Maheu, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin, Wolfram Jaegermann. Surface, Interface, and Bulk Electronic and Chemical Properties of Complete Perovskite Solar Cells: Tapered Cross-Section Photoelectron Spectroscopy, a Novel Solution. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (36) , 40949-40957.
    13. Zihan Xu, Yugang Yu, Shaurya Arya, Iftikhar Ahmad Niaz, Yimu Chen, Yusheng Lei, Mohammad Abu Raihan Miah, Jiayun Zhou, Alex Ce Zhang, Lujiang Yan, Sheng Xu, Kenji Nomura, Yu-Hwa Lo. Frequency- and Power-Dependent Photoresponse of a Perovskite Photodetector Down to the Single-Photon Level. Nano Letters 2020, 20 (3) , 2144-2151.
    14. Olga R. Yamilova, Andrei V. Danilov, Mayuribala Mangrulkar, Yuri S. Fedotov, Sergey Yu. Luchkin, Sergey D. Babenko, Sergey I. Bredikhin, Sergey M. Aldoshin, Keith J. Stevenson, Pavel A. Troshin. Reduction of Methylammonium Cations as a Major Electrochemical Degradation Pathway in MAPbI3 Perovskite Solar Cells. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2020, 11 (1) , 221-228.
    15. Huyen T. Pham, The Duong, William D. A. Rickard, Felipe Kremer, Klaus J. Weber, Jennifer Wong-Leung. Understanding the Chemical and Structural Properties of Multiple-Cation Mixed Halide Perovskite. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (43) , 26718-26726.
    16. Stefania Cacovich, Fabio Matteocci, Mojtaba Abdi-Jalebi, Samuel D. Stranks, Aldo Di Carlo, Caterina Ducati, Giorgio Divitini. Unveiling the Chemical Composition of Halide Perovskite Films Using Multivariate Statistical Analyses. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2018, 1 (12) , 7174-7181.
    17. Matthew T. McDowell (Guest Editor) , Katherine L. Jungjohann (Guest Editor) , Umberto Celano (Guest Editor) . Dynamic Nanomaterials Phenomena Investigated with in Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Nano Letters Virtual Issue. Nano Letters 2018, 18 (2) , 657-659.
    18. Sergey Yu. Luchkin, Azat F. Akbulatov, Lyubov A. Frolova, Monroe P. Griffin, Andrei Dolocan, Raluca Gearba, David A. Vanden Bout, Pavel A. Troshin, and Keith J. Stevenson . Reversible and Irreversible Electric Field Induced Morphological and Interfacial Transformations of Hybrid Lead Iodide Perovskites. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017, 9 (39) , 33478-33483.
    19. Natalia Yantara, Nripan Mathews. Toolsets for assessing ionic migration in halide perovskites. Joule 2024, 8 (5) , 1239-1273.
    20. Oscar Recalde-Benitez, Yevheniy Pivak, Robert Winkler, Tianshu Jiang, Esmaeil Adabifiroozjaei, H Hugo Perez-Garza, Leopoldo Molina-Luna. Multi-Stimuli Operando Transmission Electron Microscopy for Two-Terminal Oxide-Based Devices. Microscopy and Microanalysis 2024, 30 (2) , 200-207.
    21. Na Jiang, Guoquan Ma, Dandan Song, Bo Qiao, Zhiqin Liang, Zheng Xu, Swelm Wageh, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi, Suling Zhao. Defects in lead halide perovskite light-emitting diodes under electric field: from behavior to passivation strategies. Nanoscale 2024, 16 (8) , 3838-3880.
    22. Oscar Recalde-Benitez, Tianshu Jiang, Robert Winkler, Yating Ruan, Alexander Zintler, Esmaeil Adabifiroozjaei, Alexey Arzumanov, William A. Hubbard, Tijn van Omme, Yevheniy Pivak, Hector H. Perez-Garza, B. C. Regan, Lambert Alff, Philipp Komissinskiy, Leopoldo Molina-Luna. Operando two-terminal devices inside a transmission electron microscope. Communications Engineering 2023, 2 (1)
    23. Q. Jeangros, M. Bugnet, T. Epicier, C. Frantz, S. Diethelm, D. Montinaro, E. Tyukalova, Y. Pivak, J. Van herle, A. Hessler-Wyser, M. Duchamp. Operando analysis of a solid oxide fuel cell by environmental transmission electron microscopy. Nature Communications 2023, 14 (1)
    24. Yang Zhong, Jia Yang, Xueying Wang, Yikun Liu, Qianqian Cai, Licheng Tan, Yiwang Chen. Inhibition of Ion Migration for Highly Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Materials 2023, 35 (52)
    25. Chaofeng Wang, Like Huang, Yi Guo, Shuang Liu, Jiajia Huang, Xiaohui Liu, Jing Zhang, Ziyang Hu, Kuan Liu, Yuejin Zhu. Abnormal Dynamic Reverse Bias Behavior and Variable Reverse Breakdown Voltage of ETL‐free Perovskite Solar Cells. Solar RRL 2023, 7 (20)
    26. Zhaojian Xu, Helen Bristow, Maxime Babics, Badri Vishal, Erkan Aydin, Randi Azmi, Esma Ugur, Bumin K. Yildirim, Jiang Liu, Ross A. Kerner, Stefaan De Wolf, Barry P. Rand. Reverse-bias resilience of monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells. Joule 2023, 7 (9) , 1992-2002.
    27. Libing Yao, Liuwen Tian, Shaochen Zhang, Yuan Tian, Jingjing Xue, Siying Peng, Rui Wang. Low-dose transmission electron microscopy study on halide perovskites: Application and challenges. EnergyChem 2023, 5 (5) , 100105.
    28. Bingchen He, Chenyue Wang, Jielei Li, Zhenhuang Su, Guichuan Xing, Xingyu Gao, Shi Chen. In Situ and Operando Characterization Techniques in Stability Study of Perovskite-Based Devices. Nanomaterials 2023, 13 (13) , 1983.
    29. Fanny Baumann, Sonia R. Raga, Mónica Lira-Cantú. Monitoring the stability and degradation mechanisms of perovskite solar cells by in situ and operando characterization. APL Energy 2023, 1 (1)
    30. Daniel Abou-Ras, Ulrike Bloeck, Sebastián Caicedo-Dávila, Alberto Eljarrat, Hannah Funk, Adnan Hammud, Sinju Thomas, Dan R. Wargulski, Thomas Lunkenbein, Christoph T. Koch. Correlative microscopy and monitoring of segregation processes in optoelectronic semiconductor materials and devices. Journal of Applied Physics 2023, 133 (12)
    31. Chaofeng Wang, Like Huang, Yike Zhou, Yi Guo, Kaiwen Liang, Tianzhou Wang, Xiaohui Liu, Jing Zhang, Ziyang Hu, Yuejin Zhu. Perovskite Solar Cells in the Shadow: Understanding the Mechanism of Reverse‐Bias Behavior toward Suppressed Reverse‐Bias Breakdown and Reverse‐Bias Induced Degradation. Advanced Energy Materials 2023, 13 (9)
    32. Dong Guang Zheng, Dong Ha Kim. Degradation mechanisms of perovskite light-emitting diodes under electrical bias. Nanophotonics 2023, 12 (3) , 451-476.
    33. Sandy Sánchez, Lukas Pfeifer. Structure, composition, and stability of metal halide perovskites. 2023, 3-47.
    34. Yang Zhang, Xuewei Yang, Shu‐Na Zhao, Yalong Zhai, Xinchang Pang, Jun Lin. Recent Developments of Microscopic Study for Lanthanide and Manganese Doped Luminescent Materials. Small 2022, 18 (50)
    35. Juntao Hu, Peng Chen, Deying Luo, Dengke Wang, Nan Chen, Shiyu Yang, Zewei Fu, Maotao Yu, Lei Li, Rui Zhu, Zheng-Hong Lu. Tracking the evolution of materials and interfaces in perovskite solar cells under an electric field. Communications Materials 2022, 3 (1)
    36. Nisha Hiralal Makani, Prabhat Kumar, Tufan Paul, Soumen Maiti, Aditi Sahoo, Manoj Singh, Rupak Banerjee. Cathodoluminescence properties of phase pure low-dimensional Cs4PbBr6 perovskite and its stability under high-energy electron beams. MRS Communications 2022, 12 (6) , 1212-1219.
    37. Lian Wang, Bohong Chang, Hui Li, Yutong Wu, Zhen Liu, Lu Pan, Longwei Yin. [PbX 6 ] 4− modulation and organic spacer construction for stable perovskite solar cells. Energy & Environmental Science 2022, 15 (11) , 4470-4510.
    38. Duoling Cao, Wenbo Li, Xu Zhang, Li Wan, Zhiguang Guo, Xianbao Wang, Dominik Eder, Shimin Wang. Current state-of-the-art characterization methods for probing defect passivation towards efficient perovskite solar cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2022, 10 (37) , 19278-19303.
    39. Lichen Zhao, Pengyi Tang, Deying Luo, M. Ibrahim Dar, Felix T. Eickemeyer, Neha Arora, Qin Hu, Jingshan Luo, Yuhang Liu, Shaik Mohammed Zakeeruddin, Anders Hagfeldt, Jordi Arbiol, Wei Huang, Qihuang Gong, Thomas P. Russell, Richard H. Friend, Michael Grätzel, Rui Zhu. Enabling full-scale grain boundary mitigation in polycrystalline perovskite solids. Science Advances 2022, 8 (35)
    40. Amal Bouich, Julia Marí-Guaita, Bernabé Marí Soucase, Pablo Palacios. Manufacture of High-Efficiency and Stable Lead-Free Solar Cells through Antisolvent Quenching Engineering. Nanomaterials 2022, 12 (17) , 2901.
    41. Biao Li, Minshen Lin, Chenxia Kan, Pengjie Hang, Yuxin Yao, Zechen Hu, Ying Wang, Yiqiang Zhang, Wenxing Zhong, Deren Yang, Xuegong Yu. Revealing the Correlation of Light Soaking Effect with Ion Migration in Perovskite Solar Cells. Solar RRL 2022, 6 (7)
    42. Xin Meng, Xueying Tian, Shasha Zhang, Jing Zhou, Yiqiang Zhang, Zonghao Liu, Wei Chen. In Situ Characterization for Understanding the Degradation in Perovskite Solar Cells. Solar RRL 2022, 6 (7)
    43. Fahim Bin Selim, Alamgir Kabir, Sadiq Shahriyar Nishat. Effects of transition metal doping on CsGeBr3 perovskite: First-principles study. AIP Advances 2022, 12 (7)
    44. Fan Fu, Jia Li, Terry Chien‐Jen Yang, Haoming Liang, Antonin Faes, Quentin Jeangros, Christophe Ballif, Yi Hou. Monolithic Perovskite‐Silicon Tandem Solar Cells: From the Lab to Fab?. Advanced Materials 2022, 34 (24)
    45. Felix U. Kosasih, Giorgio Divitini, Jordi Ferrer Orri, Elizabeth M. Tennyson, Gunnar Kusch, Rachel A. Oliver, Samuel D. Stranks, Caterina Ducati. Optical emission from focused ion beam milled halide perovskite device cross‐sections. Microscopy Research and Technique 2022, 85 (6) , 2351-2355.
    46. Hongkui Zheng, Xiner Lu, Kai He. In situ transmission electron microscopy and artificial intelligence enabled data analytics for energy materials. Journal of Energy Chemistry 2022, 68 , 454-493.
    47. Weike Zhu, Shurong Wang, Xin Zhang, Aili Wang, Cheng Wu, Feng Hao. Ion Migration in Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells: Current Understanding and Perspectives. Small 2022, 18 (15)
    48. Xiaomei Wu, Xiaoxing Ke, Manling Sui. Recent progress on advanced transmission electron microscopy characterization for halide perovskite semiconductors. Journal of Semiconductors 2022, 43 (4) , 041106.
    49. Julia Marí-Guaita, Amal Bouich, Muhammad Aamir Shafi, Asmaa Bouich, Bernabé Marí. Investigation on the Stability and Efficiency of MAPbI 3 and MASnI 3 Thin Films for Solar Cells. physica status solidi (a) 2022, 219 (5)
    50. Renjun Guo, Dan Han, Wei Chen, Linjie Dai, Kangyu Ji, Qiu Xiong, Saisai Li, Lennart K. Reb, Manuel A. Scheel, Shambhavi Pratap, Nian Li, Shanshan Yin, Tianxiao Xiao, Suzhe Liang, Anna Lena Oechsle, Christian L. Weindl, Matthias Schwartzkopf, Hubert Ebert, Peng Gao, Kai Wang, Mingjian Yuan, Neil C. Greenham, Samuel D. Stranks, Stephan V. Roth, Richard H. Friend, Peter Müller-Buschbaum. Degradation mechanisms of perovskite solar cells under vacuum and one atmosphere of nitrogen. Nature Energy 2021, 6 (10) , 977-986.
    51. Vishal Kumar, Nisika, Mukesh Kumar. Temporal-spatial-energy resolved advance multidimensional techniques to probe photovoltaic materials from atomistic viewpoint for next-generation energy solutions. Energy & Environmental Science 2021, 14 (9) , 4760-4802.
    52. Zhiya Dang, Yuqing Luo, Yangbing Xu, Pingqi Gao, Xue-Sen Wang. Transformation and degradation of metal halide perovskites induced by energetic electrons and their practical implications. Nano Futures 2021, 5 (3) , 032001.
    53. Martial Duchamp, Joseph Vas, Reinis Ignatans, Aaron David Mueller, Rohit Medwal, Rajdeep Rawat, Vasiliki Tileli. Operando and in situ in a TEM imaging in a cryogenic temperature range. Microscopy and Microanalysis 2021, 27 (S1) , 386-387.
    54. Isaac E. Gould, Chuanxiao Xiao, Jay B. Patel, Michael D. McGehee. In-Operando Characterization of P-I-N Perovskite Solar Cells Under Reverse Bias. 2021, 1365-1367.
    55. Min‐cheol Kim, So‐Yeon Ham, Diyi Cheng, Thomas A. Wynn, Hyun Suk Jung, Ying Shirley Meng. Advanced Characterization Techniques for Overcoming Challenges of Perovskite Solar Cell Materials. Advanced Energy Materials 2021, 11 (15)
    56. Amal Bouich, Bernabé Mari, Lahoucine Atourki, Shafi Ullah, Mohamed Ebn Touhami. Shedding Light on the Effect of Diethyl Ether Antisolvent on the Growth of (CH3NH3) PbI3 Thin Films. JOM 2021, 73 (2) , 551-557.
    57. Susheng Tan. Transmission Electron Microscopy: Applications in Nanotechnology. IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine 2021, 15 (1) , 26-37.
    58. Yan Li, Hong He, Wei-Wu Dang, Xue-Lian Chen, Can Sun, Jia-Lu Zheng, , . Research progress of light irradiation stability of functional layers in perovskite solar cells. Acta Physica Sinica 2021, 70 (9) , 098402.
    59. Shuxuan Guo, Xue Sun, Changzeng Ding, Rong Huang, Mingxi Tan, Lanping Zhang, Qun Luo, Fangsen Li, Jing Jin, Chang-Qi Ma. Non‐Uniform Chemical Corrosion of Metal Electrode of p–i–n Type of Perovskite Solar Cells Caused by the Diffusion of CH 3 NH 3 I. Energy Technology 2020, 8 (12)
    60. You-Hyun Seo, Jun Hee Kim, Do-Hyung Kim, Hee-Suk Chung, Seok-In Na. In situ TEM observation of the heat–induced degradation of single– and triple–cation planar perovskite solar cells. Nano Energy 2020, 77 , 105164.
    61. Shulin Chen, Ying Zhang, Jinjin Zhao, Zhou Mi, Jingmin Zhang, Jian Cao, Jicai Feng, Guanglei Zhang, Junlei Qi, Jiangyu Li, Peng Gao. Transmission electron microscopy of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites: myths and truths. Science Bulletin 2020, 65 (19) , 1643-1649.
    62. M. Duchamp, H. Hu, Y.M. Lam, R.E. Dunin-Borkowski, C.B. Boothroyd. STEM electron beam-induced current measurements of organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells. Ultramicroscopy 2020, 217 , 113047.
    63. Qilai Chen, Ying Zhang, Shuzhi Liu, Tingting Han, Xinhui Chen, Yanqing Xu, Ziqi Meng, Guanglei Zhang, Xuejun Zheng, Jinjin Zhao, Guozhong Cao, Gang Liu. Switchable Perovskite Photovoltaic Sensors for Bioinspired Adaptive Machine Vision. Advanced Intelligent Systems 2020, 2 (9)
    64. Tae Woong Kim, Nam-Gyu Park. Methodologies for structural investigations of organic lead halide perovskites. Materials Today 2020, 38 , 67-83.
    65. Shulin Chen, Peng Gao. Challenges, myths, and opportunities of electron microscopy on halide perovskites. Journal of Applied Physics 2020, 128 (1)
    66. Shulin Chen, Ying Zhang, Xiaowei Zhang, Jinjin Zhao, Zewen Zhao, Xiao Su, Ze Hua, Jingmin Zhang, Jian Cao, Jicai Feng, Xiao Wang, Xinzheng Li, Junlei Qi, Jiangyu Li, Peng Gao. General Decomposition Pathway of Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Perovskites through an Intermediate Superstructure and its Suppression Mechanism. Advanced Materials 2020, 32 (29)
    67. Junhui Ran, Ondrej Dyck, Xiaozheng Wang, Bin Yang, David B. Geohegan, Kai Xiao. Electron‐Beam‐Related Studies of Halide Perovskites: Challenges and Opportunities. Advanced Energy Materials 2020, 10 (26)
    68. Marko Jošt, Lukas Kegelmann, Lars Korte, Steve Albrecht. Monolithic Perovskite Tandem Solar Cells: A Review of the Present Status and Advanced Characterization Methods Toward 30% Efficiency. Advanced Energy Materials 2020, 10 (26)
    69. Diego Di Girolamo, Nga Phung, Felix Utama Kosasih, Francesco Di Giacomo, Fabio Matteocci, Joel A. Smith, Marion A. Flatken, Hans Köbler, Silver H. Turren Cruz, Alessandro Mattoni, Lucio Cinà, Bernd Rech, Alessandro Latini, Giorgio Divitini, Caterina Ducati, Aldo Di Carlo, Danilo Dini, Antonio Abate. Ion Migration‐Induced Amorphization and Phase Segregation as a Degradation Mechanism in Planar Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Energy Materials 2020, 10 (25)
    70. Hongyu Sun, Gede W.P. Adhyaksa, Erik C. Garnett. The Application of Electron Backscatter Diffraction on Halide Perovskite Materials. Advanced Energy Materials 2020, 10 (26)
    71. Yuanmin Zhu, Zhigang Gui, Qi Wang, Fanxu Meng, Shihui Feng, Bing Han, Peiyi Wang, Li Huang, Hsing-Lin Wang, Meng Gu. Direct atomic scale characterization of the surface structure and planar defects in the organic-inorganic hybrid CH3NH3PbI3 by Cryo-TEM. Nano Energy 2020, 73 , 104820.
    72. Junke Wang, Kunal Datta, Junyu Li, Marcel A. Verheijen, Dong Zhang, Martijn M. Wienk, René A. J. Janssen. Understanding the Film Formation Kinetics of Sequential Deposited Narrow‐Bandgap Pb–Sn Hybrid Perovskite Films. Advanced Energy Materials 2020, 10 (22)
    73. Chao Zhang, Konstantin L. Firestein, Joseph F. S. Fernando, Dumindu Siriwardena, Joel E. von Treifeldt, Dmitri Golberg. Recent Progress of In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy for Energy Materials. Advanced Materials 2020, 32 (18)
    74. Marcello Righetto, Daniele Meggiolaro, Antonio Rizzo, Roberto Sorrentino, Zhubing He, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Tze Chien Sum, Teresa Gatti, Francesco Lamberti. Coupling halide perovskites with different materials: From doping to nanocomposites, beyond photovoltaics. Progress in Materials Science 2020, 110 , 100639.
    75. Vojislav V. Mitic, Goran Lazovic, Chun-An Lu, Vesna Paunovic, Ivana Radovic, Aleksandar Stajcic, Branislav Vlahovic. The Nano-Scale Modified BaTiO3 Morphology Influence on Electronic Properties and Ceramics Fractal Nature Frontiers. Applied Sciences 2020, 10 (10) , 3485.
    76. Sisi He, Longbin Qiu, Luis K. Ono, Yabing Qi. How far are we from attaining 10-year lifetime for metal halide perovskite solar cells?. Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports 2020, 140 , 100545.
    77. Anoop K. M., Mark V. Khenkin, Francesco Di Giacomo, Yulia Galagan, Stav Rahmany, Lioz Etgar, Eugene A. Katz, Iris Visoly-Fisher. Bias‐Dependent Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells Studied Using Natural and Concentrated Sunlight. Solar RRL 2020, 4 (2)
    78. Michael J. Zachman, Jordan A. Hachtel, Juan Carlos Idrobo, Miaofang Chi. Emerging Electron Microscopy Techniques for Probing Functional Interfaces in Energy Materials. Angewandte Chemie 2020, 132 (4) , 1400-1412.
    79. Michael J. Zachman, Jordan A. Hachtel, Juan Carlos Idrobo, Miaofang Chi. Emerging Electron Microscopy Techniques for Probing Functional Interfaces in Energy Materials. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2020, 59 (4) , 1384-1396.
    80. Qi Dong, Lei Lei, Juliana Mendes, Franky So. Operational stability of perovskite light emitting diodes. Journal of Physics: Materials 2020, 3 (1) , 012002.
    81. Meng Li, Wei‐Wei Zuo, Qiong Wang, Kai‐Li Wang, Ming‐Peng Zhuo, Hans Köbler, Christian E. Halbig, Siegfried Eigler, Ying‐Guo Yang, Xing‐Yu Gao, Zhao‐Kui Wang, Yongfang Li, Antonio Abate. Ultrathin Nanosheets of Oxo‐functionalized Graphene Inhibit the Ion Migration in Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Energy Materials 2020, 10 (4)
    82. Brooke Kuei, Melissa P. Aplan, Joshua H. Litofsky, Enrique D. Gomez. New opportunities in transmission electron microscopy of polymers. Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports 2020, 139 , 100516.
    83. Ricardo A. Z. Razera, Daniel A. Jacobs, Fan Fu, Peter Fiala, Marion Dussouillez, Florent Sahli, Terry C. J. Yang, Laura Ding, Arnaud Walter, Adriano F. Feil, Henri I. Boudinov, Sylvain Nicolay, Christophe Ballif, Quentin Jeangros. Instability of p–i–n perovskite solar cells under reverse bias. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2020, 8 (1) , 242-250.
    84. Fan Fu, Stefano Pisoni, Quentin Jeangros, Jordi Sastre-Pellicer, Maciej Kawecki, Adriana Paracchino, Thierry Moser, Jérémie Werner, Christian Andres, Léo Duchêne, Peter Fiala, Michael Rawlence, Sylvain Nicolay, Christophe Ballif, Ayodhya N. Tiwari, Stephan Buecheler. I 2 vapor-induced degradation of formamidinium lead iodide based perovskite solar cells under heat–light soaking conditions. Energy & Environmental Science 2019, 12 (10) , 3074-3088.
    85. Xingang Ren, Zi Shuai Wang, Wallace C. H. Choy. Device Physics of the Carrier Transporting Layer in Planar Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Optical Materials 2019, 7 (20)
    86. Elad Gross. Challenges and opportunities in IR nanospectroscopy measurements of energy materials. Nano Research 2019, 12 (9) , 2200-2210.
    87. Diego Di Girolamo, Fabio Matteocci, Felix Utama Kosasih, Ganna Chistiakova, Weiwei Zuo, Giorgio Divitini, Lars Korte, Caterina Ducati, Aldo Di Carlo, Danilo Dini, Antonio Abate. Stability and Dark Hysteresis Correlate in NiO‐Based Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Energy Materials 2019, 9 (31)
    88. Jin Xiang, Yana Li, Feng Huang, Dingyong Zhong. Inverted hysteresis in MAPbI 3 perovskite solar cells induced by presetting bias voltage. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 2019, 52 (31) , 315103.
    89. Tae‐Youl Yang, Nam Joong Jeon, Hee‐Won Shin, Seong Sik Shin, Young Yun Kim, Jangwon Seo. Achieving Long‐Term Operational Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells with a Stabilized Efficiency Exceeding 20% after 1000 h. Advanced Science 2019, 6 (14)
    90. N Fernández-Delgado, M Herrera, F J Delgado, A H Tavabi, M Luysberg, R E Dunin-Borkowski, E J Juárez-Pérez, B Clasen Hames, I Mora-Sero, I Suárez, J P Martínez-Pastor, S I Molina. Structural characterization of bulk and nanoparticle lead halide perovskite thin films by (S)TEM techniques. Nanotechnology 2019, 30 (13) , 135701.
    91. Yuanyuan Zhou, Hadas Sternlicht, Nitin P. Padture. Transmission Electron Microscopy of Halide Perovskite Materials and Devices. Joule 2019, 3 (3) , 641-661.
    92. Mark V. Khenkin, Anoop K. M., Eugene A. Katz, Iris Visoly-Fisher. Bias-dependent degradation of various solar cells: lessons for stability of perovskite photovoltaics. Energy & Environmental Science 2019, 12 (2) , 550-558.
    93. Frances M. Ross, Andrew M. Minor. In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy. 2019, 101-187.
    94. Xuanyu Chen, Zhiwei Wang. Investigating chemical and structural instabilities of lead halide perovskite induced by electron beam irradiation. Micron 2019, 116 , 73-79.
    95. Ji-Fei Wang, Dong-Xu Lin, Yong-Bo Yuan, , . Recent progress of ion migration in organometal halide perovskite. Acta Physica Sinica 2019, 68 (15) , 158801.
    96. Daniel A. Jacobs, Heping Shen, Florian Pfeffer, Jun Peng, Thomas P. White, Fiona J. Beck, Kylie R. Catchpole. The two faces of capacitance: New interpretations for electrical impedance measurements of perovskite solar cells and their relation to hysteresis. Journal of Applied Physics 2018, 124 (22)
    97. Zhi Yang, Jinjuan Dou, Minqiang Wang. Interface Engineering in n‐i‐p Metal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells. Solar RRL 2018, 2 (12)
    98. Shulin Chen, Xiaowei Zhang, Jinjin Zhao, Ying Zhang, Guoli Kong, Qian Li, Ning Li, Yue Yu, Ningan Xu, Jingmin Zhang, Kaihui Liu, Qing Zhao, Jian Cao, Jicai Feng, Xinzheng Li, Junlei Qi, Dapeng Yu, Jiangyu Li, Peng Gao. Atomic scale insights into structure instability and decomposition pathway of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite. Nature Communications 2018, 9 (1)
    99. Songhua Cai, Chenyi Gu, Yifan Wei, Min Gu, Xiaoqing Pan, Peng Wang. Development of in situ optical–electrical MEMS platform for semiconductor characterization. Ultramicroscopy 2018, 194 , 57-63.
    100. Hee Joon Jung, Daehan Kim, Sungkyu Kim, Joonsuk Park, Vinayak P. Dravid, Byungha Shin. Stability of Halide Perovskite Solar Cell Devices: In Situ Observation of Oxygen Diffusion under Biasing. Advanced Materials 2018, 30 (39)
    Load all citations

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect