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Optical Forging of Graphene into Three-Dimensional Shapes

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Nanoscience Center, Department of Chemistry, Nanoscience Center, Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
§ Department of Physics, National Central University, Jungli, 32054, Taiwan, Republic of China
National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu, 30076, Taiwan, Republic of China
Cite this: Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 10, 6469–6474
Publication Date (Web):September 19, 2017
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03530
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Atomically thin materials, such as graphene, are the ultimate building blocks for nanoscale devices. But although their synthesis and handling today are routine, all efforts thus far have been restricted to flat natural geometries, since the means to control their three-dimensional (3D) morphology has remained elusive. Here we show that, just as a blacksmith uses a hammer to forge a metal sheet into 3D shapes, a pulsed laser beam can forge a graphene sheet into controlled 3D shapes in the nanoscale. The forging mechanism is based on laser-induced local expansion of graphene, as confirmed by computer simulations using thin sheet elasticity theory.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03530.

    • Additional materials and methods; details on elastic modeling; AFM, Raman and μm-XPS characterization data; and Figures S1–S6 (PDF)

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