Anode Properties of NaTi2(PO4)3 Prepared by Adding Excess Na2CO3 for Aqueous Sodium-Ion Batteries
- Ayuko Kitajou*
- Maho YamashitaMaho YamashitaGraduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611, Yamaguchi, JapanMore by Maho Yamashita
- Wataru KobayashiWataru KobayashiTosoh Corporation, 3-8-2, shiba, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 105-8623, JapanMore by Wataru Kobayashi
- Masaki OkadaMasaki OkadaTosoh Corporation, 3-8-2, shiba, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 105-8623, JapanMore by Masaki Okada
- Takuma NanamiTakuma NanamiGraduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Aichi, JapanMore by Takuma Nanami
- , and
- Shunsuke Muto
Aqueous Na-ion batteries (ASIBs) are being developed as one of the next-generation large-scale rechargeable battery types. In the development of ASIBs, the further improvement of the anode properties of one of them, NaTi2(PO4)3 (NTP), is important. Therefore, we tried to modify the NTP surface with a material having Na-ion conductivity, such as a solid electrolyte interphase layer. NTP was prepared with the addition of an excess amount of Na2CO3 and exhibited better cyclability and rate capability. In particular, this NTP showed good cycle stability even with the use of an aqueous electrolyte with a low salt concentration. The surfaces of the obtained NTPs were analyzed using S/TEM and electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. The particle surface was modified by a Na-rich phase such as Na3Ti23+(PO4)3. In addition, the prepared NTPs had high crystallinity, which is thought to contribute to the good rate capability. We have found a simple method of adding excess Na2CO3 during NTP synthesis to improve the anode properties of NTPs.
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