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Long-Term High-Temperature Stability of Functionalized Graphene Oxide Nanoplatelets in Arab-D and API Brine

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Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States
Aramco Services Company, 400 Technology Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2016, 8, 3, 1780–1785
Publication Date (Web):January 15, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Partially reduced graphene oxide (prGO) was covalently functionalized with a zwitterionic polymer polyzwitterionic polymer to afford a composite material with excellent dispersibility and long-term stability in high salinity brines including standard API and Arab-D found in deep oil reservoirs. When heated at 90 °C, the dispersions remained stable in excess of 140 days. These results suggest the utility of imidazolium-based polymers for brine stabilization as well as the use of diazonium containing polymers for a “grafting-to” approach to nanocarbon functionalization.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09656.

    • Brine stability of a composite formed with noncovalently associated poly(1-vinylimidazole)-sulfobetaine polymer, XPS spectra of graphene oxide flocculated in API brine and of the zwitterionic polymer I–prGO composite, the 1H NMR spectrum and HSQC of PVIM-co-PVPy, and the TGA graph of zwitterionic polymer I–prGO composite (PDF)

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