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Magnetic and Electric Resonances in Particle-to-Film-Coupled Functional Nanostructures

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Institute of Physical Chemistry and Polymer Physics, Leibniz-Institut für Polymerforschung Dresden e.V., Hohe Str. 6, 01069 Dresden, Germany
Physical Chemistry II, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
§ Department of Physical Chemistry 1, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
Cluster of Excellence Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed), Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
*E-mail: [email protected] (T.A.F.K.).
*E-mail: [email protected] (A.F.).
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 3, 3133–3141
Publication Date (Web):December 19, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society

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    We investigate the plasmonic coupling of metallic nanoparticles with continuous metal films by studying the effect of the particle-to-film distance, cavity geometry, and particle size. To efficiently screen these parameters, we fabricated a particle-to-film-coupled functional nanostructure for which the particle size and distance vary. We use gold-core/poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-shell nanoparticles to self-assemble a monolayer of well-separated plasmonic particles, introduce a gradient in the nanoparticle size by an overgrowth process, and finally add a coupling metal film by evaporation. These assemblies are characterized using surface probing and optical methods to show localized magnetic and electric field enhancement. The results are in agreement with finite-difference time-domain modeling methods and calculations of the effective permeability and permittivity. Finally, we provide a proof of concept for dynamic tuning of the cavity size by swelling of the hydrogel layer. Thus, the tunability of the coupled resonance and the macroscopic self-assembly technique provides access to a cost-efficient library for magnetic and electric resonances.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b16941.

    • TEM on the particle system; atomic force microscopy on spin-coated samples; spectroscopic ellipsometry for determination of the gold layer thickness; AFM investigation for gold-layer thickness determination; center-to-center distance determination via fast Fourier transform; calculation of gold core sizes; determination of the refractive index for PNIPAM; additional FDTD setup information; simulation with variable particle-to-film distances; FDTD simulations for comparison of curved/flat the gold film geometry; effective permittivity using the S-parameter method; large scale microscopy image in the swelling region; simulation of the LSPR peak position in dependence of the refractive index; UV/vis spectroscopy of the functional nanostructure at different humidities; UV/vis spectroscopy and AFM cross-sections in water at different temperatures; and comparison of the swelling behavior without and with the gold film (PDF)

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