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Passive Antifrosting Surfaces Using Microscopic Ice Patterns

  • S. Farzad Ahmadi
    S. Farzad Ahmadi
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
  • Saurabh Nath
    Saurabh Nath
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
    More by Saurabh Nath
  • Grady J. Iliff
    Grady J. Iliff
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
  • Bernadeta R. Srijanto
    Bernadeta R. Srijanto
    Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
  • C. Patrick Collier
    C. Patrick Collier
    Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
  • Pengtao Yue
    Pengtao Yue
    Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
    More by Pengtao Yue
  • , and 
  • Jonathan B. Boreyko*
    Jonathan B. Boreyko
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 38, 32874–32884
Publication Date (Web):September 17, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b11285
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Despite exceptional recent advances in tailoring the wettability of surfaces, to date, no engineered surface can passively suppress the in-plane growth of frost that invariably occurs in humid, subfreezing environments. Here, we show that up to 90% of a surface can exhibit passive antifrosting by using chemical or physical wettability patterns to template “ice stripes” across the surface. As ice exhibits a depressed vapor pressure relative to liquid water, these sacrificial ice stripes siphon the supersaturated water vapor to keep the intermediate surface areas dry from dew and frost. Further, we show that when these sacrificial ice stripes are elevated atop microfins, they diffusively coarsen in a suspended state above the surface. The suspended state of the coarsening ice results in a diffusive growth rate an order of magnitude slower than frost coarsening directly on a solid substrate and should also minimize its adhesive strength to the surface.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b11285.

    • Setup and concepts, ice bridges, surface coverage, and video captions (PDF)

    • Movie of frost growing on chemically patterned silicon (MPG)

    • Movie of condensation frosting on control surfaces (MPG)

    • 3 h experiment using the h4p2 surface for a surface temperature of Tw = −10 °C and a supersaturation of S = 1.5 (MPG)

    • 24 h experiment using the h4p2 surface for a surface temperature of Tw = −10 °C and a supersaturation of S = 1.1 (MPG)

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