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Ag2S/MoS2 Nanocomposites Anchored on Reduced Graphene Oxide: Fast Interfacial Charge Transfer for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

  • Getachew Solomon
    Getachew Solomon
    Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 98 Luleå, Sweden
  • Raffaello Mazzaro
    Raffaello Mazzaro
    Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 98 Luleå, Sweden
    CNR-Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystem (IMM), Via Piero Gobetti 101, Bologna 40129, Italy
  • Shujie You
    Shujie You
    Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 98 Luleå, Sweden
    More by Shujie You
  • Marta Maria Natile
    Marta Maria Natile
    CNR-Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Technologies for Energy (ICMATE), Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Padova, Via Francesco Marzolo, 1, 35131 Padova PD, Italy
  • Vittorio Morandi
    Vittorio Morandi
    CNR-Institute of Microelectronics and Microsystem (IMM), Via Piero Gobetti 101, Bologna 40129, Italy
  • Isabella Concina
    Isabella Concina
    Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 98 Luleå, Sweden
  • , and 
  • Alberto Vomiero*
    Alberto Vomiero
    Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, SE-971 98 Luleå, Sweden
    Department of Molecular Sciences and Nanosystems, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Via Torino 155, 30172 Venezia Mestre, Italy
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2019, 11, 25, 22380–22389
Publication Date (Web):May 30, 2019
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Hydrogen evolution reaction through electrolysis holds great potential as a clean, renewable, and sustainable energy source. Platinum-based catalysts are the most efficient to catalyze and convert water into molecular hydrogen; however, their large-scale application is prevented by scarcity and cost of Pt. In this work, we propose a new ternary composite of Ag2S, MoS2, and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) flakes via a one-pot synthesis. The RGO support assists the growth of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets partially covered by silver sulfides as revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Compared with the bare MoS2 and MoS2/RGO, the Ag2S/MoS2 anchored on the RGO surface (the ternary system Ag2S/MoS2/RGO) demonstrated a high catalytic activity toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Its superior electrochemical activity toward HER is evidenced by the positively shifted (−190 mV vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)) overpotential at a current density of −10 mA/cm2 and a small Tafel slope (56 mV/dec) compared with a bare and binary system. The Ag2S/MoS2/RGO ternary catalyst at an overpotential of −200 mV demonstrated a turnover frequency equal to 0.38 s–1. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was applied to understand the charge-transfer resistance; the ternary sample shows a very small charge-transfer resistance (98 Ω) at −155 mV vs RHE. Such a large improvement can be attributed to the synergistic effect resulting from the enhanced active site density of both sulfides and to the improved electrical conductivity at the interfaces between MoS2 and Ag2S. This ternary catalyst opens up further optimization strategies to design a stable and cheap catalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction, which holds great promise for the development of a clean energy landscape.

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