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Electropolymerized Conjugated Microporous Nanoskin Regulating Polysulfide and Electrolyte for High-Energy Li–S Batteries

  • Dong Guo
    Dong Guo
    Division of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
    More by Dong Guo
  • Xiang Li
    Xiang Li
    Division of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
    More by Xiang Li
  • Wandi Wahyudi
    Wandi Wahyudi
    Division of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
  • Chunyang Li
    Chunyang Li
    Division of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
    More by Chunyang Li
  • Abdul-Hamid Emwas
    Abdul-Hamid Emwas
    Core Laboratories, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohamed Nejib Hedhili
    Mohamed Nejib Hedhili
    Core Laboratories, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
  • Yangxing Li*
    Yangxing Li
    Watt Research Lab, Central Research Institute, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., Bantian, Longgang District, Shenzhen 518129, China
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Yangxing Li
  • , and 
  • Zhiping Lai*
    Zhiping Lai
    Division of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
    *Email: [email protected]
    More by Zhiping Lai
Cite this: ACS Nano 2020, 14, 12, 17163–17173
Publication Date (Web):November 9, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.0c06944
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    A popular practice in Li–S battery research is to utilize highly nanostructured hosts and excessive electrolytes to enhance sulfur-specific capacities. However, from the perspective of commercialization, this is a less meaningful approach in the pursuit of high-energy Li–S batteries. Herein, we report the fabrication of a nanoskin composed of a conjugated microporous polymer by electropolymerization to create a closed system for a sulfur cathode. The nanoskin is ultrathin, conductive, continuous, and contains uniform micropores of approximately 0.8 nm. The nanoskin sealing prevents the shuttling of polysulfide species without using the absorption effect, enhances the utilization of electrolytes, and allows a fast transport of lithium ions. As a result, the Li–S batteries comprising the cathode with nanoskin exhibit superior stability (∼86% capacity retention) under lean electrolyte conditions and a prolonged lifetime (1000 cycles). At a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio of 4 μL mg–1, the designed cathode delivered a practical energy density of over 300 Wh kg–1 without using any sophisticated hosts.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.0c06944.

    • Additional structural characterization of the CNT-S and CMP-CNT-S electrodes (SEM image, XPS spectra, TGA profiles, EDS mapping images, and electrolyte contact angles). Electrochemical analysis and battery performance including EIS results, CV profiles, and discharge–charge voltage-capacity curves (PDF)

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