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Multipurpose and Reusable Ultrathin Electronic Tattoos Based on PtSe2 and PtTe2

  • Dmitry Kireev*
    Dmitry Kireev
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 United States
    Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 United States
    *Email: [email protected] or [email protected]. Phone: +1-737-230-5319.
  • Emmanuel Okogbue
    Emmanuel Okogbue
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, United States
  • RT Jayanth
    RT Jayanth
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 United States
    More by RT Jayanth
  • Tae-Jun Ko
    Tae-Jun Ko
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    More by Tae-Jun Ko
  • Yeonwoong Jung
    Yeonwoong Jung
    NanoScience Technology Center, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32826, United States
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, United States
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816, United States
  • , and 
  • Deji Akinwande
    Deji Akinwande
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 United States
    Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 United States
    Texas Materials Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 United States
Cite this: ACS Nano 2021, 15, 2, 2800–2811
Publication Date (Web):January 20, 2021
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.0c08689
Copyright © 2021 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Wearable bioelectronics with emphasis on the research and development of advanced person-oriented biomedical devices have attracted immense interest in the past decade. Scientists and clinicians find it essential to utilize skin-worn smart tattoos for on-demand and ambulatory monitoring of an individual’s vital signs. Here, we report on the development of ultrathin platinum-based two-dimensional dichalcogenide (Pt-TMDs)-based electronic tattoos as advanced building blocks of future wearable bioelectronics. We made these ultrathin electronic tattoos out of large-scale synthesized platinum diselenide (PtSe2) and platinum ditelluride (PtTe2) layered materials and used them for monitoring human physiological vital signs, such as the electrical activity of the heart and the brain, muscle contractions, eye movements, and temperature. We show that both materials can be used for these applications; yet, PtTe2 was found to be the most suitable choice due to its metallic structure. In terms of sheet resistance, skin contact, and electrochemical impedance, PtTe2 outperforms state-of-the-art gold and graphene electronic tattoos and performs on par with medical-grade Ag/AgCl gel electrodes. The PtTe2 tattoos show 4 times lower impedance and almost 100 times lower sheet resistance compared to monolayer graphene tattoos. One of the possible prompt implications of this work is perhaps in the development of advanced human–machine interfaces. To display the application, we built a multi-tattoo system that can easily distinguish eye movement and identify the direction of an individual’s sight.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsnano.0c08689.

    • Additional figures as described in the text (PDF)

    • Mechanical stability of Pt-TMD tattoos (MP4)

    • Mechanical cutting process of Pt-TMD tattoos (MP4)

    • Detailed procedure of tattoo placement on the skin (MP4)

    • Tattoo removal (MP4)

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