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On Metalenses with Arbitrarily Wide Field of View

  • Augusto Martins*
    Augusto Martins
    São Carlos School of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 13566-590, Brazil
    *E-mail: [email protected]
  • Kezheng Li
    Kezheng Li
    Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
    More by Kezheng Li
  • Juntao Li
    Juntao Li
    State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School of Physics, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    More by Juntao Li
  • Haowen Liang
    Haowen Liang
    State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School of Physics, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    More by Haowen Liang
  • Donato Conteduca
    Donato Conteduca
    Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
  • Ben-Hur V. Borges
    Ben-Hur V. Borges
    São Carlos School of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 13566-590, Brazil
  • Thomas F. Krauss
    Thomas F. Krauss
    Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
  • , and 
  • Emiliano R. Martins*
    Emiliano R. Martins
    São Carlos School of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 13566-590, Brazil
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Photonics 2020, 7, 8, 2073–2079
Publication Date (Web):June 30, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.0c00479
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Metalenses are nanostructured surfaces that mimic the functionality of optical elements. Many exciting demonstrations have already been made, for example, focusing into diffraction-limited spots or achromatic operation over a wide wavelength range. The key functionality that is yet missing, however, and that is most important for applications such as smartphones or virtual reality, is the ability to perform the imaging function with a single element over a wide field of view. Here, by relaxing the constraint on diffraction-limited resolution, we demonstrate the ability of single-layer metalenses to perform wide field of view (WFOV) imaging while maintaining high resolution suitable for most applications. We also discuss the WFOV physical properties and, in particular, we show that such a WFOV metalens mimics a spherical lens in the limit of infinite radius and infinite refractive index. Finally, we use Fourier analysis to explain the dependence of the FOV on the numerical aperture.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsphotonics.0c00479.

    • Phase and transmission maps, SEM micrographs, optical setups, and additional imaging comparison between WFOV and DL metalenses; Additional information on Metalens focusing and transmission efficiencies; Fourier transforms of quadratic (WFOV) and hyperbolic (DL) field profiles; Spectrum flattening of the spherical phase profile; Comparison between the WFOV metalens and an equivalent bulk quadratic lens at different angles and phase profile equations; FOV characterization; Angular spectrum formalism (PDF)

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