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Rosin-Embedded Poly(acrylic acid) Binder for Silicon/Graphite Negative Electrode

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Advanced Batteries Research Center, Korea Electronics Technology Institute, 68 Yatap-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do 463-816, Republic of Korea
Department of Chemistry, Incheon National University, Academy-ro 119, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 460-772, Republic of Korea
Department of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Incheon National University, Academy-ro 119, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 460-772, Republic of Korea
§ Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongneung ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 139-743, Republic of Korea
SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT), Sungkyunkwan University, Gyeonggi-do 16419, Republic of Korea
*T. Yim, E-mail: [email protected], Tel:+82-32-835-8093.
*K. J. Kim, E-mail: [email protected], Tel:+82-2-970-6598.
*Y.-J. Kim, E-mail: [email protected], Tel:+82-31-299-4164.
Cite this: ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2016, 4, 12, 6362–6370
Publication Date (Web):September 20, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    We propose the use of a rosin-embedded poly(acrylic acid) binder, PAA-Rosin, to improve the cycling performance of silicon/graphite composites in lithium-ion batteries. Rosin, which is a natural product derived from pine trees, is chemically bonded with a rigid PAA polymer, which affords additional adhesion and elasticity of the PAA backbone, resulting in an effective binder with optimal properties. The hybridization of PAA-Rosin is achieved through an efficient one-step process, and the chemical structures of the components are systematically confirmed. In terms of the cycling performance, the cell based on PAA-Rosin shows excellent specific capacity retention (65.2%) with superior utilization of silicon/graphite composites even after 200 cycles. In addition, the PAA-Rosin electrode exhibits excellent specific capacity as well as remarkable capacity retention in bending tests. We demonstrate that the remarkable electrochemical characteristics of PAA-Rosin can be attributed to improved electrode uniformity, which results in the electronic networks remaining intact and minimizes electrode fatigue related to internal crack formation, delamination, and pulverization.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b00920.

    • The mechanism for copolymerization between PAA and abietic acid is shown in Figure S1. Thermal properties including DSC and TGA are described in Figure S2. Coulombic efficiencies for each cell are shown in Figure S3, and the magnified initial potential profiles are illustrated in Figure S4. Electrochemical performances for physically blended PAA-Rosin and conventional binders (SBR/CMC and PVDF) are shown in Figures S5 and S6. Rate capabilities are shown in Figure S7. EIS analyses for cycled electrodes depending on binder material are included in Figure S8, and the image of homemade bending test machine is shown in Figure S9 (PDF)

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