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Exalted Electric Output via Piezoelectric–Triboelectric Coupling/Sustainable Butterfly Wing Structure Type Multiunit Hybrid Nanogenerator

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Mechanical Engineering, School of Applied Energy System, D130, Nanomaterials and Systems Lab, and Department of Mechatronics Engineering, D130, Nanomaterials and Systems Lab, Jeju National University, Ara-1-Dong, Jeju-Si, Jeju-do, Jeju-63243, South Korea
*E-mail: [email protected]. Fax: 0082-64-756-3886. Tel.: 0082-64-754-3715.
Cite this: ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2018, 6, 2, 1919–1933
Publication Date (Web):January 5, 2018
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    The scalable synthesis of an irregular composite surface impregnated with high-performance piezoelectric 0.3Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3–0.7BaSn0.12Ti0.88O3 nanoparticles (0.3BCT–0.7BST NPs) for enhancing the power density of hybrid nanogenerators (H-NGs) using a contact–separation structure is reported for the first time. The designed high-performance butterfly wing structure type multiunit system, consisting of four simple arc-shaped H-NGs, has dual functionality as a stand-alone power source for light-emitting diodes and charging Li coin cells and as a self-powered air pressure sensor. Manyfold increments of the open-circuit voltage (VOC(p–p) = 572 V) and short-circuit current (ISC(p–p) = 1.752 mA) were observed for H-NG with an irregular surface compared with a piezoelectric nanogenerator (P-NG) (VOC(p–p) = 53 V, ISC(p–p) = 2.366 μA). Compared with the power density of a flat surface based H-NG (333 W/m2), the power density of a single arc-shaped H-NG with an irregular surface was 4-fold higher at 1336 W/m2, and that with a micropillar surface was twice as high (632 W/m2). A high functional property of fillers along with polydimethylsiloxane matrix improves the surface charge density of the composite film. The surface charge density of the H-NG was greatly influenced by the distance between the active layers, micropores, thickness, relative permittivity, and applied force.

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    Supporting Information

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03337.

    • Structural and surface morphological analysis of BCT, BST, and 0.3BCT–0.7BST NPs; optical photographs of 0.3BCT–0.7BST NPs/PDMS composite films with weight ratios; schematic diagram and P-NG device (unpoled) electrical output; electrical response of poled P-NG device and its stability test analysis; effective relative permittivity and d33 coefficient of composite films; cross-sectional FE-SEM of composite films (10 and 15 wt %); force analysis of P-NG device; load resistance analysis of P-NG and T-NG devices upon 30 N; single peak output analysis of all modes of NG; switching polarity test of H-NG; evaluation of charge quantity; repeatable electrical responses of all types of NG devices (PDF)

    • H-NG generation of high VOC(p–p) of 250 V (AVI)

    • Micropillar based H-NG generation of high current (AVI)

    • Illumination or power-up of 100 commercial green LEDs connected in series (AVI)

    • Green LEDs arranged as the “NU” word as shown in Figure 6 (AVI)

    • Power-up of 100 green LEDs connected in series using H-NG output (AVI)

    • ISC of an NG measured using a low-noise current preamplifier (AVI)

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