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Versatile Actuators Based on Polypyrrole-Coated Metalized Eggshell Membranes

  • Mihaela Beregoi
    Mihaela Beregoi
    Multifunctional Materials and Structures Laboratory, National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor Str. 405A, Magurele, Bucharest 077125, Romania
  • Nicoleta Preda*
    Nicoleta Preda
    Multifunctional Materials and Structures Laboratory, National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor Str. 405A, Magurele, Bucharest 077125, Romania
    *E-mail: [email protected] (N. Preda).
  • Alexandru Evanghelidis
    Alexandru Evanghelidis
    Multifunctional Materials and Structures Laboratory, National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor Str. 405A, Magurele, Bucharest 077125, Romania
  • Andreea Costas
    Andreea Costas
    Multifunctional Materials and Structures Laboratory, National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor Str. 405A, Magurele, Bucharest 077125, Romania
  • , and 
  • Ionut Enculescu*
    Ionut Enculescu
    Multifunctional Materials and Structures Laboratory, National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor Str. 405A, Magurele, Bucharest 077125, Romania
    *E-mail: [email protected] (I. Enculescu).
Cite this: ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2018, 6, 8, 10173–10181
Publication Date (Web):June 23, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01489
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Eggshell membranes were employed as biological scaffolds for developing soft and versatile actuators. A particular architecture, consisting of eggshell membrane coated with polypyrrole, has been fabricated and has been found to be a green, inexpensive, lightweight, and easy to handle class of actuators. The polypyrrole-coated eggshell membrane devices were tested in liquid, ambient atmosphere and controlled humidity environment, with the recorded movements proving their versatility. In 1 M NaCl aqueous solution, by applying successive potential pulses, the actuator contracts/expands owing to the expulsion/insertion of the electrolyte ions out/into polypyrrole film, producing a displacement of ∼0.1 cm. In air, upon application of voltages from 2 to 5 V on a V-shaped geometry actuator, it bends due to water desorption from its structure induced by Joule heating, generating a displacement which reaches ∼0.4 cm at 5 V. In a chamber with controlled humidity, the decrease of humidity stimulates a bending/curling motion of the actuator, achieving a displacement of ∼2.1 cm at 50% relative humidity. Upon modification of the humidity, these actuators move, hold, and release delicate and lightweight objects. Such polypyrrole-coated eggshell membrane actuators which operate in different environments and respond to multiple stimuli can have potential applications in biomimetic micromanipulators or artificial muscle fields.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01489.

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuation in liquid electrolyte, Movie S1 (AVI)

    • Au/ESM in liquid electrolyte, Movie S2 (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuation in ambient atmosphere at 2 V applied voltage, Movie S3a (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuation in ambient atmosphere at 3 V applied voltage, Movie S3b (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuation in ambient atmosphere at 4 V applied voltage, Movie S3c (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuation in ambient atmosphere at 5 V applied voltage, Movie S3d (AVI)

    • Au/ESM actuation in ambient atmosphere at 5 V applied voltage, Movie S3e (AVI)

    • Au/ESM actuation in controlled humidity environment (decreasing the humidity), Movie S4 (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuation in controlled humidity environment (decreasing the humidity), Movie S5 (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuator pushing off a fowl feather placed on a support by decreasing the humidity, Movie S6 (AVI)

    • PPy/Au/ESM actuator releasing a ball from a braided yellow-gold ribbon by increasing the humidity, Movie S7 (AVI)

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    Cited By

    This article is cited by 15 publications.

    1. Shahriar Mahdavi, Armin Amirsadeghi, Arman Jafari, Seyyed Vahid Niknezhad, Sidi A. Bencherif. Avian Egg: A Multifaceted Biomaterial for Tissue Engineering. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2021, 60 (48) , 17348-17364. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.1c03085
    2. Xinkang Wang, Lele Li, Enping Liu, Juanjuan Wang, Xue Han, Yanping Cao, Conghua Lu. High-Performance Multiresponsive Bilayer Actuators Based on Micro-/Nanostructured Polypyrrole for Robust Smart Devices. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2021, 4 (5) , 5349-5359. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.1c00689
    3. Chen Chen, Kan Li, Chen Li, Tonghua Sun, Jinping Jia. Combination of Pd–Cu Catalysis and Electrolytic H2 Evolution for Selective Nitrate Reduction Using Protonated Polypyrrole as a Cathode. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (23) , 13868-13877. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b04447
    4. Lei Xia, Faze Chen, Jiaqi Chao, Du Zhang, Yanling Tian, Dawei Zhang. Femtosecond laser engineered eggshell membrane for durable oil/water separation under harsh conditions. Journal of Membrane Science 2023, 668 , 121242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2022.121242
    5. Seyedeh Nooshin Banitaba, Seyed Vahid Ebadi, Pejman Salimi, Ahmad Bagheri, Ashish Gupta, Waqas Ul Arifeen, Vishal Chaudhary, Yogendra Kumar Mishra, Ajeet Kaushik, Ebrahim Mostafavi. Biopolymer-based electrospun fibers in electrochemical devices: versatile platform for energy, environment, and health monitoring. Materials Horizons 2022, 9 (12) , 2914-2948. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2MH00879C
    6. Kadri-Ann Valdur, Tarmo Tamm, Alvo Aabloo, Indrek Must. A Self-Commutated Helical Polypyrrole Actuator Fabricated by Filament Patterning. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2022, 7 (3) , 5858-5865. https://doi.org/10.1109/LRA.2022.3161694
    7. Nicoleta Preda, Andreea Costas, Mihaela Beregoi, Nicoleta Apostol, Andrei Kuncser, Carmen Curutiu, Florin Iordache, Ionut Enculescu. Functionalization of eggshell membranes with CuO–ZnO based p–n junctions for visible light induced antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. Scientific Reports 2020, 10 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78005-x
    8. Mihaela Beregoi, Nicoleta Preda, Andreea Costas, Monica Enculescu, Raluca Negrea, Horia Iovu, Ionut Enculescu. Synthesis of Core–Double Shell Nylon-ZnO/Polypyrrole Electrospun Nanofibers. Nanomaterials 2020, 10 (11) , 2241. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10112241
    9. Shujie Yan, Yiyang Xu, Yu-Jyun Lin, Zhi Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Galip Yilmaz, Qian Li, Lih-Sheng Turng. Ethanol-lubricated expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene vascular grafts loaded with eggshell membrane extract and heparin for rapid endothelialization and anticoagulation. Applied Surface Science 2020, 511 , 145565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145565
    10. Ajahar Khan, Khalid A. Alamry. Stimuli‐Responsive Conducting Polymer Composites. 2020, 159-186. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119662693.ch7
    11. Jidong Shi, Su Liu, Lisha Zhang, Bao Yang, Lin Shu, Ying Yang, Ming Ren, Yang Wang, Jiewei Chen, Wei Chen, Yang Chai, Xiaoming Tao. Smart Textile‐Integrated Microelectronic Systems for Wearable Applications. Advanced Materials 2020, 32 (5) https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901958
    12. N. Preda, A. Costas, M. Enculescu, I. Enculescu. Biomorphic 3D fibrous networks based on ZnO, CuO and ZnO–CuO composite nanostructures prepared from eggshell membranes. Materials Chemistry and Physics 2020, 240 , 122205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2019.122205
    13. Junfang Ding, Liping Li, Ye Wang, Xianzhe Xu, Shaoqing Chen, Xiyang Wang, Huixia Li, Shuaiqiang Zhao, Guangshe Li. Strong metal-support interaction promoted via constructing biocarbon membrane for enhanced CO preferential oxidation activity of Rh/CaCO3@biocarbon. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2019, 44 (41) , 23034-23045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.07.043
    14. Jingjing Li, Linlin Mou, Rui Zhang, Jinkun Sun, Run Wang, Baigang An, Hong Chen, Kanzan Inoue, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Zunfeng Liu. Multi-responsive and multi-motion bimorph actuator based on super-aligned carbon nanotube sheets. Carbon 2019, 148 , 487-495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2019.04.014
    15. Zihui Lyu, Hui Wu, Yuanchao Lu, Jian Wu. The enhanced capacitance performance of the modified polypyrrole with the mixture of carbon nanomaterials. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 2019, 832 , 380-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2018.11.041

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