Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

STEP 1:
Click to create an ACS ID

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

MENDELEY PAIRING EXPIRED
Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect
ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity
CONTENT TYPES

Figure 1Loading Img
RETURN TO ISSUEPREVResearch ArticleNEXT

Towards Understanding of Cracking during Drying of Thick Aqueous-Processed LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 Cathodes

  • Ritu Sahore*
    Ritu Sahore
    Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected] (R.S.).
    More by Ritu Sahore
  • David L. Wood III*
    David L. Wood, III
    Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
    The Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 821 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected] (D.L.W.III.).
  • Alexander Kukay
    Alexander Kukay
    Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
    The Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 821 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States
  • Kelsey M. Grady
    Kelsey M. Grady
    Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
  • Jianlin Li
    Jianlin Li
    Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
    The Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 821 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States
    More by Jianlin Li
  • , and 
  • Ilias Belharouak
    Ilias Belharouak
    Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
    The Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 821 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States
Cite this: ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2020, 8, 8, 3162–3169
Publication Date (Web):February 19, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06363
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society

    Article Views

    3275

    Altmetric

    -

    Citations

    LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
    Other access options
    Supporting Info (3)»

    Abstract

    Abstract Image

    Replacing N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) with water for processing of lithium-ion battery (LIB) electrodes has both cost and environmental benefits, which include reduced drying time, lower dryer capital cost, elimination of NMP recovery capital equipment, and no release of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the environment. However, aqueous-processed thick cathodes (≳4 mAh/cm2) typically exhibit detrimental cracking during drying that is not observed for the NMP-based counterpart. The reasons for cracking of these water-based thick electrodes are still not well understood due to the complex nature of the colloidal dispersions used in the LIB electrode processing steps. In this work, the contributions of various factors responsible for cracking are discussed. We show that eliminating hydrogen evolution due to corrosion of the aluminum current collector eliminated the majority of the cracks regardless of the coating thickness, identifying the gas evolution as the primary reason for electrode cracking. Some secondary cracks and pinhole-type defects remained after addressing the aluminum current collector corrosion, which are thought to be caused by an inferior binding network formed by carbon black and binder in aqueous-processed cathodes compared to those processed with NMP. The thick aqueous processed cathodes are not able to sufficiently withstand the drying stresses without crack formation. We demonstrate reduction of these secondary defects by either improving the binding network or by reducing the drying stress. The former was achieved by replacing carbon black with vapor grown graphite tubes (VGGTs) that caused a more efficient utilization of the emulsion binder. The latter was achieved by adding a small amount of IPA as a co-solvent that has been shown to reduce capillary stresses.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.

    Recommended

    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Supporting Information

    ARTICLE SECTIONS
    Jump To

    The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06363.

    • Viscosity as a function of shear rate of the NMC811 aqueous slurries made with VGGT or carbon black as the conductive additive containing different water to IPA ratios and SEM images showing microstructure of aqueous-processed carbon black containing NMC811 coatings made with or without IPA as a co-solvent (PDF)

    • Video of hydrogen gas bubbles formed at the aluminum foil/filtrate interface that quickly diffused to the surface of the drop (MPG)

    • Video showing no hydrogen evolution upon contact between the NMC811 filtrate and the copper foil under the contact angle goniometer (MPG)

    Terms & Conditions

    Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 63 publications.

    1. Jia Wang, Di Shao, Zengjie Fan, Chong Xu, Hui Dou, Miao Xu, Bing Ding, Xiaogang Zhang. High-Area-Capacity Cathode by Ultralong Carbon Nanotubes for Secondary Binder-Assisted Dry Coating Technology. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2024, 16 (20) , 26209-26216. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.4c02959
    2. Wenchang Jiang, Yilan Jiang, Chun Huang. To Enhance the Performance of LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 Aqueous Electrodes by the Coating Process. ACS Omega 2024, 9 (19) , 21006-21015. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.4c00301
    3. Akhilash Mohanan Pillai, Patteth S. Salini, Bibin John, Mercy Thelakkattu Devassy. Aqueous Binders for Cathodes: A Lodestar for Greener Lithium Ion Cells. Energy & Fuels 2022, 36 (10) , 5063-5087. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.energyfuels.2c00346
    4. Rafal Sliz, Juho Valikangas, Hellen Silva Santos, Pauliina Vilmi, Lassi Rieppo, Tao Hu, Ulla Lassi, Tapio Fabritius. Suitable Cathode NMP Replacement for Efficient Sustainable Printed Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2022, 5 (4) , 4047-4058. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.1c02923
    5. Pengpeng Dai, Xiangbang Kong, Huiya Yang, Jiyang Li, Jing Zeng, Jinbao Zhao. Single-Crystal Ni-Rich Layered LiNi0.9Mn0.1O2 Enables Superior Performance of Co-Free Cathodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2022, 10 (14) , 4381-4390. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c06704
    6. Jianlin Li, James Fleetwood, W. Blake Hawley, William Kays. From Materials to Cell: State-of-the-Art and Prospective Technologies for Lithium-Ion Battery Electrode Processing. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (1) , 903-956. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.1c00565
    7. Vikram R. Ravikumar, Andreas Schröder, Stephan Köhler, Fatih A. Çetinel, Marcel Schmitt, Aleksandr Kondrakov, Felix Eberle, Jens-Olaf Eichler-Haeske, Daniela Klein, Benjamin Schmidt-Hansberg. γ-Valerolactone: An Alternative Solvent for Manufacturing of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2021, 4 (1) , 696-703. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c02575
    8. Alexander Kukay, Georgios Polizos, Emily Bott, Anton Ielvev, Runming Tao, Jaswinder Sharma, Jianlin Li. Mechanical and Electrochemical Implications of Drying Temperature on Lithium‐Ion Battery Electrodes. Batteries & Supercaps 2024, https://doi.org/10.1002/batt.202400113
    9. Li Jiang, GuoJing Zang, Xiu Liu, Ling Chen, Yaoguang Chen, Jinghao Xie, Zhongxin Liang, Fuzhen Li, Zishou Zhang. Nylon binder enables high-performance flexible ultra-thick electrode preparation in a water-based environment. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2024, 12 (22) , 13299-13309. https://doi.org/10.1039/D4TA01472C
    10. Hideaki Nakajima, Naoyuki Matsumoto, Toshihiko Ogura, Naoki Kondo, Ken-ichi Mimura, Shinji Tanaka, Akihiro Tsuruta, Ryota Watanabe, Akihiro Oishi, Ryutaro Usukawa, Kazufumi Kobashi, Toshiya Okazaki. Hidden correlation between rheological dynamics and crack formation in water-based slurry. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 2024, 44 (6) , 4141-4149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2023.12.069
    11. Jinzhao Fu, Xiangtao Gong, Wenting Jin, Chinmoy Podder, Yangtao Liu, Zhenzhen Yang, Maksim Sultanov, Heng Pan, Yan Wang. Enable superior performance of ultra-high loading electrodes through the cost-efficient solvent-free electrode manufacturing technology. Energy Storage Materials 2024, 69 , 103423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2024.103423
    12. Yuri Surace, Marcus Jahn, Damian M. Cupid. The Rate Capability Performance of High-Areal-Capacity Water-Based NMC811 Electrodes: The Role of Binders and Current Collectors. Batteries 2024, 10 (3) , 100. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries10030100
    13. Cheol Bak, Kyung-Geun Kim, Hyuntae Lee, Seoungwoo Byun, Minhong Lim, Hyeongguk An, Youngjoon Roh, Jaejin Lim, Cyril Bubu Dzakpasu, Dohwan Kim, Jongjun Lee, Hyobin Lee, Hongkyung Lee, Yong Min Lee. Advanced multilayer model electrode for binder distribution within composite electrodes of lithium batteries. Chemical Engineering Journal 2024, 483 , 148913. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2024.148913
    14. Joseph Jegan Roy, Do Minh Phuong, Vivek Verma, Richa Chaudhary, Michael Carboni, Daniel Meyer, Bin Cao, Madhavi Srinivasan. Direct recycling of Li‐ion batteries from cell to pack level: Challenges and prospects on technology, scalability, sustainability, and economics. Carbon Energy 2024, 34 https://doi.org/10.1002/cey2.492
    15. Yaocai Bai, Lu Yu, Ilias Belharouak. Sequential separation of battery electrode materials and metal foils in aqueous media. Journal of Power Sources 2024, 592 , 233954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.233954
    16. Alma Mathew, Wessel van Ekeren, Rassmus Andersson, Matthew J. Lacey, Satu Kristiina Heiskanen, Reza Younesi, Daniel Brandell. Limitations of Polyacrylic Acid Binders When Employed in Thick LNMO Li-ion Battery Electrodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2024, 171 (2) , 020531. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ad242b
    17. Mohamed Djihad Bouguern, Anil Kumar Madikere Raghunatha Reddy, Xia Li, Sixu Deng, Harriet Laryea, Karim Zaghib. Engineering Dry Electrode Manufacturing for Sustainable Lithium-Ion Batteries. Batteries 2024, 10 (1) , 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries10010039
    18. Xinxin Yao, Yaohong Xiao, Zhuo Wang, Zhao Zhang, Wayne Cai, Yangbing Zeng, Lei Chen. Coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations of microstructure evolution and debonding in water-based cathode electrode drying. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 2023, 321 , 118154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2023.118154
    19. Minje Ryu, Young-Kuk Hong, Sang-Young Lee, Jong Hyeok Park. Ultrahigh loading dry-process for solvent-free lithium-ion battery electrode fabrication. Nature Communications 2023, 14 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-37009-7
    20. Pradeep Kumar Dammala, Kamil Burak Dermenci, Anish Raj Kathribail, Poonam Yadav, Joeri Van Mierlo, Maitane Berecibar. A critical review of future aspects of digitalization next generation Li-ion batteries manufacturing process. Journal of Energy Storage 2023, 74 , 109209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2023.109209
    21. E. Soundarrajan, L. Prettencia, K. Thileep Kumar, R.A. Kalaivani, S. Raghu. Dual application of non-fluorinated polymer: Influence on mitigating dendrite growth and structural integrity of high energy density lithium metal battery. Journal of Energy Storage 2023, 73 , 109267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2023.109267
    22. Martin Nguyen, Zhiming Liang, Kaitlin Garman, Yangyang Wang, Adrian Gestos, Michael Mo, Chunmei Ban. An electronically conductive 3D architecture with controlled porosity for LiFePO4 cathodes. Frontiers in Materials 2023, 10 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmats.2023.1213872
    23. Lander Lizaso, Idoia Urdampilleta, Miguel Bengoechea, Iker Boyano, Hans-Jürgen Grande, Imanol Landa-Medrano, Aitor Eguia-Barrio, Iratxe de Meatza. Waterborne LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode Formulation Optimization through Design of Experiments and Upscaling to 1 Ah Li-Ion Pouch Cells. Energies 2023, 16 (21) , 7327. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16217327
    24. Jaswinder Sharma, Georgios Polizos, Marm Dixit, Charl J. Jafta, David A. Cullen, Yaocai Bai, Xiang Lyu, Jianlin Li, Ilias Belharouak. Enhancing the Electrochemical Performance of Aqueous Processed Li‐Ion Cathodes with Silicon Oxide Coatings. ChemSusChem 2023, 16 (16) https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202300350
    25. Wenbin Fu, Yice Wang, Kanglin Kong, Doyoub Kim, Fujia Wang, Gleb Yushin. Materials and Processing of Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes. Nanoenergy Advances 2023, 3 (2) , 138-154. https://doi.org/10.3390/nanoenergyadv3020008
    26. Sean Scott, Zayd Islam, Jack Allen, Tanongsak Yingnakorn, Ali Alflakian, Jamie Hathaway, Alireza Rastegarpanah, Gavin D.J. Harper, Emma Kendrick, Paul A. Anderson, Jacqueline Edge, Laura Lander, Andrew P. Abbott. Designing lithium-ion batteries for recycle: The role of adhesives. Next Energy 2023, 1 (2) , 100023. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nxener.2023.100023
    27. Hao Chen, Shanqing Zhang, Gao Liu, Cheng Yan. Polymeric Binders in Modern Metal‐ion Batteries. 2023, 61-117. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527838615.ch2
    28. Sandro Spiegel, Alexander Hoffmann, Julian Klemens, Philip Scharfer, Wilhelm Schabel. Optimization of Edge Quality in the Slot‐Die Coating Process of High‐Capacity Lithium‐Ion Battery Electrodes. Energy Technology 2023, 11 (5) https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.202200684
    29. Thilo Heckmann, Jochen Christoph Eser, Andreas Altvater, Natalie Streller, Philip Scharfer, Wilhelm Schabel. Experimental Investigation of the Temperature, Pressure, and Binder System Influence on Vacuum Postdrying Processes and Moisture Management of Li‐Ion Battery Electrodes. Energy Technology 2023, 11 (5) https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.202200859
    30. Junsheng Zheng, Guangguang Xing, Liming Jin, Yanyan Lu, Nan Qin, Shansong Gao, Jim P. Zheng. Strategies and Challenge of Thick Electrodes for Energy Storage: A Review. Batteries 2023, 9 (3) , 151. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9030151
    31. Lukas Neidhart, Katja Fröhlich, Franz Winter, Marcus Jahn. Implementing Binder Gradients in Thick Water-Based NMC811 Cathodes via Multi-Layer Coating. Batteries 2023, 9 (3) , 171. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9030171
    32. Wenbin Fu, Doyoub Kim, Fujia Wang, Gleb Yushin. Stabilizing cathodes and interphases for next-generation Li-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources 2023, 561 , 232738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.232738
    33. Alexander Schoo, Robin Moschner, Jens Hülsmann, Arno Kwade. Coating Defects of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes and Their Inline Detection and Tracking. Batteries 2023, 9 (2) , 111. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries9020111
    34. Marcel Heidbüchel, Thorsten Schultz, Tobias Placke, Martin Winter, Norbert Koch, Richard Schmuch, Aurora Gomez‐Martin. Enabling Aqueous Processing of Ni‐Rich Layered Oxide Cathode Materials by Addition of Lithium Sulfate. ChemSusChem 2023, 16 (2) https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202202161
    35. Iratxe de Meatza, Idoia Urdampilleta, Iker Boyano, Iker Castrillo, Imanol Landa-Medrano, Susan Sananes-Israel, Aitor Eguia-Barrio, Verónica Palomares. From Lab to Manufacturing Line: Guidelines for the Development and Upscaling of Aqueous Processed NMC622 Electrodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2023, 170 (1) , 010527. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/acb10d
    36. Yun Xu, Thomas Diemant, Guk-Tae Kim, Stefano Passerini, Dominic Bresser. A beneficial combination of formic acid as a processing additive and fluoroethylene carbonate as an electrolyte additive for Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 lithium-ion anodes. Materials Advances 2022, 3 (24) , 8926-8933. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2MA00741J
    37. Amrita Sarkar, Richard May, Zoren Valmonte, Lauren E. Marbella. PolarClean & dimethyl isosorbide: green matches in formulating cathode slurry. Energy Advances 2022, 1 (10) , 671-676. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2YA00161F
    38. Eike Wiegmann, Arno Kwade, Wolfgang Haselrieder. Solvent Reduced Extrusion‐Based Anode Production Process Integrating Granulate Coating, Drying, and Calendering. Energy Technology 2022, 10 (6) https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.202200020
    39. S. Radloff, R.-G. Scurtu, M. Hölzle, M. Wohlfahrt-Mehrens. Water-Based LiNi 0.83 Co 0.12 Mn 0.05 O 2 Electrodes with Excellent Cycling Stability Fabricated Using Unconventional Binders. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2022, 169 (4) , 040514. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ac6324
    40. Ritu Sahore, Marissa Wood, Alexander Kukay, Zhijia Du, Kelsey M. Livingston, David L. Wood, Jianlin Li. Performance of Different Water-Based Binder Formulations for Ni-Rich Cathodes Evaluated in LiNi 0.8 Mn 0.1 Co 0.1 O 2 //Graphite Pouch Cells. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2022, 169 (4) , 040567. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ac682d
    41. Lei Jing, Yuan Ji, Lanxiang Feng, Xuewei Fu, Xuewei He, Yan He, Zhiwei Zhu, Xiaorong Sun, Zhengying Liu, Mingbo Yang, Wei Yang, Yu Wang. Faster and better: A polymeric chaperone binder for microenvironment management in thick battery electrodes. Energy Storage Materials 2022, 45 , 828-839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2021.12.038
    42. Lukas Neidhart, Katja Fröhlich, Nicolas Eshraghi, Damian Cupid, Franz Winter, Marcus Jahn. Aqueous Manufacturing of Defect-Free Thick Multi-Layer NMC811 Electrodes. Nanomaterials 2022, 12 (3) , 317. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12030317
    43. Rıdvan Demiryürek, Nergiz Gürbüz, Gizem Hatipoglu, Mesut Er, Hasan Malkoc, Ozkan Guleryuz, Gulsen Uyar, Davut Uzun, Mehmet Nurullah Ateş. Roll‐to‐roll manufacturing method of aqueous‐processed thick LiNi 0.5 Mn 0.3 Co 0.2 O 2 electrodes for lithium‐ion batteries. International Journal of Energy Research 2021, 45 (15) , 21182-21194. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.7171
    44. Sergiy Kalnaus, Kelsey Livingston, W. Blake Hawley, Hong Wang, Jianlin Li. Design and processing for high performance Li ion battery electrodes with double-layer structure. Journal of Energy Storage 2021, 44 , 103582. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2021.103582
    45. Enmeng Zhen, Jiangmin Jiang, Chen Lv, Xiaowei Huang, Hai Xu, Hui Dou, Xiaogang Zhang. Effects of binder content on low-cost solvent-free electrodes made by dry-spraying manufacturing for lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources 2021, 515 , 230644. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.230644
    46. Teo Lombardo, Alain C. Ngandjong, Amal Belhcen, Alejandro A. Franco. Carbon-Binder Migration: A Three-Dimensional Drying Model for Lithium-ion Battery Electrodes. Energy Storage Materials 2021, 43 , 337-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2021.09.015
    47. Weixiao Ji, Huainan Qu, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Dong Zheng, Deyang Qu. Electrode Architecture Design to Promote Charge‐Transport Kinetics in High‐Loading and High‐Energy Lithium‐Based Batteries. Small Methods 2021, 5 (10) https://doi.org/10.1002/smtd.202100518
    48. S. Radloff, R.-G. Scurtu, M. Hölzle, M. Wohlfahrt-Mehrens. Applying Established Water-Based Binders to Aqueous Processing of LiNi 0.83 Co 0.12 Mn 0.05 O 2 Positive Electrodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2021, 168 (10) , 100506. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ac2861
    49. Junbo Hou, Min Yang, Liwei Zhou, Xiaohui Yan, Changchun Ke, Junliang Zhang. Transforming Materials into Practical Automotive Lithium‐Ion Batteries. Advanced Materials Technologies 2021, 6 (8) https://doi.org/10.1002/admt.202100152
    50. He Liu, Xinbing Cheng, Yan Chong, Hong Yuan, Jia-Qi Huang, Qiang Zhang. Advanced electrode processing of lithium ion batteries: A review of powder technology in battery fabrication. Particuology 2021, 57 , 56-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.partic.2020.12.003
    51. W. Blake Hawley, Harry M. Meyer, Jianlin Li. Enabling aqueous processing for LiNi0.80Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA)-based lithium-ion battery cathodes using polyacrylic acid. Electrochimica Acta 2021, 380 , 138203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2021.138203
    52. Jun Zhang, Mingnan Li, Hussein A. Younus, Binshen Wang, Qunhong Weng, Yan Zhang, Shiguo Zhang. An overview of the characteristics of advanced binders for high-performance Li–S batteries. Nano Materials Science 2021, 3 (2) , 124-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoms.2020.10.006
    53. Hui Zhou, Ben Pei, Qinglu Fan, Fengxia Xin, M. Stanley Whittingham. Can Greener Cyrene Replace NMP for Electrode Preparation of NMC 811 Cathodes?. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2021, 168 (4) , 040536. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/abf87d
    54. Zuoquan Zhu, Yaolong He, Hongjiu Hu, Fangzhou Zhang. Evolution of Internal Stress in Heterogeneous Electrode Composite during the Drying Process. Energies 2021, 14 (6) , 1683. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14061683
    55. Marie Bichon, Dane Sotta, Eric De Vito, Willy Porcher, Bernard Lestriez. Performance and ageing behavior of water-processed LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2/Graphite lithium-ion cells. Journal of Power Sources 2021, 483 , 229097. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.229097
    56. Lei Jing, Yuan Ji, Lanxiang Feng, Xuewei Fu, Xuewei He, Yan He, Zhiwei Zhu, Xiaorong Sun, Zhengying Liu, Mingbo Yang, Wei Yang, Yu Wang. Faster and Better: A Carbon-Neutrality-Friendly Polymeric Chaperone Binder for Microenvironment Management in Thick Battery Electrodes. SSRN Electronic Journal 2021, 6 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3961943
    57. Michel Armand, Peter Axmann, Dominic Bresser, Mark Copley, Kristina Edström, Christian Ekberg, Dominique Guyomard, Bernard Lestriez, Petr Novák, Martina Petranikova, Willy Porcher, Sigita Trabesinger, Margret Wohlfahrt-Mehrens, Heng Zhang. Lithium-ion batteries – Current state of the art and anticipated developments. Journal of Power Sources 2020, 479 , 228708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228708
    58. Carina Amata Heck, Max-Wolfram von Horstig, Fabienne Huttner, Julian Kristoffer Mayer, Wolfgang Haselrieder, Arno Kwade. Review—Knowledge-Based Process Design for High Quality Production of NCM811 Cathodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2020, 167 (16) , 160521. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/abcd11
    59. Michael Hofmann, Felix Nagler, Martina Kapuschinski, Uwe Guntow, Guinevere A. Giffin. Surface Modification of LiNi 0.8 Co 0.15 Al 0.05 O 2 Particles via Li 3 PO 4 Coating to Enable Aqueous Electrode Processing. ChemSusChem 2020, 13 (22) , 5962-5971. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202001907
    60. Gui‐Liang Xu, Xiang Liu, Amine Daali, Rachid Amine, Zonghai Chen, Khalil Amine. Challenges and Strategies to Advance High‐Energy Nickel‐Rich Layered Lithium Transition Metal Oxide Cathodes for Harsh Operation. Advanced Functional Materials 2020, 30 (46) https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202004748
    61. Michael Hofmann, Martina Kapuschinski, Uwe Guntow, Guinevere A. Giffin. Implications of Aqueous Processing for High Energy Density Cathode Materials: Part I. Ni-Rich Layered Oxides. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2020, 167 (14) , 140512. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/abc033
    62. David L. Wood, Marissa Wood, Jianlin Li, Zhijia Du, Rose E. Ruther, Kevin A. Hays, Nitin Muralidharan, Linxiao Geng, Chengyu Mao, Ilias Belharouak. Perspectives on the relationship between materials chemistry and roll-to-roll electrode manufacturing for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Energy Storage Materials 2020, 29 , 254-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2020.04.036
    63. W. Blake Hawley, Anand Parejiya, Yaocai Bai, Harry M. Meyer, David L. Wood, Jianlin Li. Lithium and transition metal dissolution due to aqueous processing in lithium-ion battery cathode active materials. Journal of Power Sources 2020, 466 , 228315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228315