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Conducting Polymer-Skinned Electroactive Materials of Lithium-Ion Batteries: Ready for Monocomponent Electrodes without Additional Binders and Conductive Agents

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Department of Energy Engineering, School of Energy, Chemical Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science, Technology (UNIST), Ulsan 689-798, Korea
*Phone: +82-52-217-2512. Fax +82-52-217-2019. E-mail: [email protected]
*Phone: +82-52-217-2948. Fax +82-52-217-2019. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6, 15, 12789–12797
Publication Date (Web):July 2, 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Rapid growth of mobile and even wearable electronics is in pursuit of high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries. One simple and facile way to achieve this goal is the elimination of nonelectroactive components of electrodes such as binders and conductive agents. Here, we present a new concept of monocomponent electrodes comprising solely electroactive materials that are wrapped with an insignificant amount (less than 0.4 wt %) of conducting polymer (PEDOT:PSS or poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with poly(styrenesulfonate)). The PEDOT:PSS as an ultraskinny surface layer on electroactive materials (LiCoO2 (LCO) powders are chosen as a model system to explore feasibility of this new concept) successfully acts as a kind of binder as well as mixed (both electrically and ionically) conductive film, playing a key role in enabling the monocomponent electrode. The electric conductivity of the monocomponent LCO cathode is controlled by simply varying the PSS content and also the structural conformation (benzoid-favoring coil structure and quinoid-favoring linear or extended coil structure) of PEDOT in the PEDOT:PSS skin. Notably, a substantial increase in the mass-loading density of the LCO cathode is realized with the PEDOT:PSS skin without sacrificing electronic/ionic transport pathways. We envisage that the PEDOT:PSS-skinned electrode strategy opens a scalable and versatile route for making practically meaningful binder-/conductive agent-free (monocomponent) electrodes.

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    XRD, TGA of LCO@PEDOT:PSS, and viscosity of the monocomponent and tricomponent slurry, and residual water contents in cathode electrode, surface morphology of the monocomponent cathodes based on two different PEDOT:PSS, C-rate dependency of discharge capacities per active mass. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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