ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

Origins, Current Status, and Future Challenges of Green Chemistry

View Author Information
White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, Old Executive Office Building, Room 494, Washington, D.C. 20502, Department of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, U.K., and Green Chemistry Institute, American Chemical Society, 1155 Sixteenth Street N.W., Othmer Suite 330, Washington, D.C. 20036
Cite this: Acc. Chem. Res. 2002, 35, 9, 686–694
Publication Date (Web):June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options


    Over the course of the past decade, green chemistry has demonstrated how fundamental scientific methodologies can protect human health and the environment in an economically beneficial manner. Significant progress is being made in several key research areas, such as catalysis, the design of safer chemicals and environmentally benign solvents, and the development of renewable feedstocks. Current and future chemists are being trained to design products and processes with an increased awareness for environmental impact. Outreach activities within the green chemistry community highlight the potential for chemistry to solve many of the global environmental challenges we now face. The origins and basis of green chemistry chart a course for achieving environmental and economic prosperity inherent in a sustainable world.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

     This paper is dedicated to Dr. Roger Garrett, whose fundamental work and inspired vision provided the foundation of green chemistry.


    In papers with more than one author, the asterisk indicates the name of the author to whom inquiries about the paper should be addressed.

     White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and University of Nottingham.


     ACS Green Chemistry Institute.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 1801 publications.

    1. Duo Wei, Nuoqing Yin, Dehua Xu, Lingling Ge, Rong Guo. Dynamically Reconfigurable Complex Emulsion Droplets as Intelligent Microreactors. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2024, 12 (13) , 5129-5138.
    2. Mathilde Marc, Christelle Lopez, Noemie Viller, Xavier Falourd, Mathieu Fanuel, Didier Marion, Eric Leroy, Bénédicte Bakan, Denis Lourdin. From Tomato Pomaces Biorefinery to Biobased Shape-Memory Semicrystalline Polyester Networks. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2024, 12 (6) , 2191-2202.
    3. Qi Yang, Xiujuan Gao, Faen Song, Xiaoxing Wang, Tao Zhang, Pan Xiong, Yunxing Bai, Xingchen Liu, Xiaoyan Liu, Junfeng Zhang, Gang Fu, Yisheng Tan, Yizhuo Han, Qingde Zhang. Unsaturated Penta-Coordinated Mo5c5+ Sites Enabled Low-Temperature Oxidation of C–H Bonds in Ethers. JACS Au 2023, 3 (11) , 3141-3154.
    4. Siyu Zhang, Yipin Zhu, Xiang Li, Shengjie Chen, Yu Chen, Hui He, Bo Peng, Yan Zhang. Green Synthetic Approach to Indole-Substituted Methane Derivatives via Multi-Component Reaction. Journal of Chemical Education 2023, 100 (10) , 4020-4024.
    5. Mohit Saraf, Monika A. Roy, Francisco Yarur Villanueva, Anirban Kundu, Hung-Vu Tran, Moumita Ghosh, Sopuruchukwu Ezenwa, Gabriela Gastelu, Emily A. Prebihalo, L. Javier Cala, Scott R. Cleary, Geetesh Devineni, Gahyun Annie Lee, Great C. Umenweke, Ross F. Koby, Rachel Nixon, Adelina Voutchkova, Audrey Moores. Perspectives from the 2022 Cohort of the American Chemical Society Summer School on Green Chemistry & Sustainable Energy. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2023, 11 (38) , 13822-13835.
    6. Florian Gaulhofer, Markus Metzger, Alexander Peschl, Dirk Ziegenbalg. Development and Hydrodynamic Characterization of a Modular Mini-Plant Photoreactor. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2023, 62 (29) , 11456-11469.
    7. Francis Bru, Sofie M. P. Vanden Broeck, Gianmarco Pisanò, Klaartje De Buysser, Catherine S. J. Cazin. Learning Green Chemistry Principles by Comparing Three Synthetic Routes to a Copper-NHC (NHC = N-heterocyclic carbene) Complex. Journal of Chemical Education 2023, 100 (6) , 2359-2366.
    8. Tingwei Cai, Hanchang Hu, Haoyang Xu, Jiani Xu, Chen Meng, Jinxin He, Jin Wen, Qiangqiang Zhao. High-Performance Light-Harvesting Cotton Fiber Photocatalyst Inspired by “Ring Dyeing” for the Cross-Dehydrogenative Coupling Reaction. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2023, 11 (20) , 7730-7744.
    9. Priyabrata Biswal, M. Siva Subramani, Shaikh Samser, Vadapalli Chandrasekhar, Krishnan Venkatasubbaiah. Ligand-Controlled Ruthenium-Catalyzed Borrowing-Hydrogen and Interrupted-Borrowing-Hydrogen Methodologies: Functionalization of Ketones Using Methanol as a C1 Source. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2023, 88 (8) , 5135-5146.
    10. Sebastián Gámez, Ernesto de la Torre, Eric M. Gaigneaux. Palm Oil Valorization through the Oxidative Cleavage of Unsaturated Fatty Acids with Ru-Carbon Catalysts. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2023, 62 (12) , 4928-4939.
    11. Cristiano S. Funari, Daniel Rinaldo, Vanderlan S. Bolzani, Robert Verpoorte. Reaction of the Phytochemistry Community to Green Chemistry: Insights Obtained Since 1990. Journal of Natural Products 2023, 86 (2) , 440-459.
    12. P. Karpagavinayagam V. Rajarajeswari K. Lakshmi Chinnapiyan Vedhi . Sensing Technology to Improve the Quality of Life. , 387-409.
    13. Büşra Çelik, Dilhan Kandemir, Serter Luleburgaz, Emrah Çakmakçi, Ufuk Saim Gunay, Volkan Kumbaraci, Hakan Durmaz. Propiolated Castor Oil: A Novel and Highly Versatile Bio-Based Platform for Extremely Fast, Catalyst-, and Solvent-Free Amino-yne Click Reactions. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2023, 11 (2) , 831-841.
    14. Subrat Sethi, Narayan Ch. Jana, Sourav Behera, Rakesh R. Behera, Bidraha Bagh. Azide–Alkyne Cycloaddition Catalyzed by Copper(I) Coordination Polymers in PPM Levels Using Deep Eutectic Solvents as Reusable Reaction Media: A Waste-Minimized Sustainable Approach. ACS Omega 2023, 8 (1) , 868-878.
    15. Liane A. Haufe, Vladislav Timoshev, Markus Seifert, Oliver Busse, Jan J. Weigand. Crucial Role of Silica-Alumina Binder Mixtures for Hydrocarbon Cracking with ZSM-5 Additives. ACS Omega 2022, 7 (49) , 44892-44902.
    16. Oliver B. Andrew, James Sherwood, Glenn A. Hurst. A Greener Synthesis of the Antidepressant Bupropion Hydrochloride. Journal of Chemical Education 2022, 99 (9) , 3277-3282.
    17. Jasimuddin Ahmed, Swadhin K. Mandal. Phenalenyl Radical: Smallest Polycyclic Odd Alternant Hydrocarbon Present in the Graphene Sheet. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (13) , 11369-11431.
    18. Huan Gao, Xu Lu, Shangtao Chen, Bin Du, Xiao Yin, Yuze Kang, Kunyu Zhang, Chao Liu, Li Pan, Bin Wang, Zhe Ma, Yuesheng Li. Preparation of Well-Controlled Isotactic Polypropylene-Based Block Copolymers with Superior Physical Performance via Efficient Coordinative Chain Transfer Polymerization. Macromolecules 2022, 55 (12) , 5038-5048.
    19. Anamika Sindhu, Sumit Kumar, Pannuru Venkatesu. Contemporary Advancement of Cholinium-Based Ionic Liquids for Protein Stability and Long-Term Storage: Past, Present, and Future Outlook. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2022, 10 (14) , 4323-4344.
    20. Andrea Lanfranchi, Heba Megahd, Paola Lova, Davide Comoretto. Multilayer Polymer Photonic Aegises Against Near-Infrared Solar Irradiation Heating. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2022, 14 (12) , 14550-14560.
    21. Sonia Bahrani Seyyed Alireza Hashemi Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi Mohammad Arjmand Farideh Ghalamfarsa Mehrorang Ghaedi . Conductive Polymers in Green Analytical Chemistry. , 1-37.
    22. Aitor Bermejo-López, Sergio Carrasco, Pedro J. Tortajada, Kenji P. M. Kopf, Amparo Sanz-Marco, Mathias S. Hvid, Nina Lock, Belén Martín-Matute. Selective Synthesis of Imines by Photo-Oxidative Amine Cross-Condensation Catalyzed by PCN-222(Pd). ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2021, 9 (43) , 14405-14415.
    23. Nikolai Piers Rossouw, Mark A. Rizzacasa, Anastasios Polyzos. Flow-Assisted Synthesis of Alkyl Citrate Natural Products. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2021, 86 (20) , 14223-14231.
    24. Jose L. Cerrillo, Irene López-Hernández, A. Eduardo Palomares. Catalytic Removal of Bromates from Water: A Hands-On Laboratory Experiment to Solve a Water Pollution Problem through Catalysis. Journal of Chemical Education 2021, 98 (5) , 1726-1731.
    25. Tarek Lemaoui, Farah Abu Hatab, Ahmad S. Darwish, Ayoub Attoui, Nour El Houda Hammoudi, Ghaiath Almustafa, Mohamed Benaicha, Yacine Benguerba, Inas M. Alnashef. Molecular-Based Guide to Predict the pH of Eutectic Solvents: Promoting an Efficient Design Approach for New Green Solvents. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2021, 9 (17) , 5783-5808.
    26. Eduardo Romero-Montalvo, Gino A. DiLabio. Computational Study of Hydrogen Bond Interactions in Water Cluster–Organic Molecule Complexes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2021, 125 (16) , 3369-3377.
    27. Subhankar Sarkar, Rana Chatterjee, Anindita Mukherjee, Debosmita Mukherjee, Narayan Chandra Mandal, Sachinta Mahato, Sougata Santra, Grigory V. Zyryanov, Adinath Majee. Mechanochemical Synthesis and Antimicrobial Studies of 4-Hydroxy-3-thiomethylcoumarins Using Imidazolium Zwitterionic Molten Salt as an Organocatalyst. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2021, 9 (16) , 5557-5569.
    28. Yulian Yang, Linhong Zuo, Kun Wei, Wusheng Guo. Water-Mediated Catalytic Decarboxylation Enabled Polysubstituted Furans and Allylic Alcohols with Exclusive (E)-Configurations. Organic Letters 2021, 23 (8) , 3195-3200.
    29. Xuanyu Feng, Yunhong Pi, Yang Song, Ziwan Xu, Zhong Li, Wenbin Lin. Integration of Earth-Abundant Photosensitizers and Catalysts in Metal–Organic Frameworks Enhances Photocatalytic Aerobic Oxidation. ACS Catalysis 2021, 11 (3) , 1024-1032.
    30. Christoph K. Winkler, Joerg H. Schrittwieser, Wolfgang Kroutil. Power of Biocatalysis for Organic Synthesis. ACS Central Science 2021, 7 (1) , 55-71.
    31. Guoping Li, Yueguang Lv, Meng Chen, Xiwen Ye, Zengyuan Niu, Hua Bai, Haimin Lei, Qiang Ma. Post-Chromatographic Dicationic Ionic Liquid-Based Charge Complexation for Highly Sensitive Analysis of Anionic Compounds by Ultra-High-Performance Supercritical Fluid Chromatography Coupled with Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 2021, 93 (3) , 1771-1778.
    32. Xuanyu Feng, Yang Song, Justin S. Chen, Ziwan Xu, Soren J. Dunn, Wenbin Lin. Rational Construction of an Artificial Binuclear Copper Monooxygenase in a Metal–Organic Framework. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021, 143 (2) , 1107-1118.
    33. Brianna T. Shores, Peter E. Sieg, Ana T. Nicosia, Chuntian Hu, Stephen C. Born, Khrystyna Shvedova, Ridade Sayin, Christopher J. Testa, Wei Wu, Bayan Takizawa, Sukumar Ramanujam, Salvatore Mascia. Design of a Continuous Solvent Recovery System for End-to-End Integrated Continuous Manufacturing of Pharmaceuticals. Organic Process Research & Development 2020, 24 (10) , 1996-2003.
    34. Ana Isabel Martín-Perales, Daily Rodríguez-Padrón, Angel García Coleto, Christophe Len, Gustavo de Miguel, Mario J. Muñoz-Batista, Rafael Luque. Photocatalytic Production of Vanillin over CeOx and ZrO2 Modified Biomass-Templated Titania. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2020, 59 (39) , 17085-17093.
    35. Sepideh Bagheri, Farzane Pazoki, Akbar Heydari. Ultrasonic Synthesis and Characterization of 2D and 3D Metal–Organic Frameworks and Their Application in the Oxidative Amidation Reaction. ACS Omega 2020, 5 (34) , 21412-21419.
    36. Manish Walia, Christiana N. Teijaro, Alex Gardner, Thi Tran, Jinfeng Kang, Senzhi Zhao, Sarah E. O’Connor, Vincent Courdavault, Rodrigo B. Andrade. Synthesis of (−)-Melodinine K: A Case Study of Efficiency in Natural Product Synthesis. Journal of Natural Products 2020, 83 (8) , 2425-2433.
    37. Weiss Naim, Oliver R. Schade, Erisa Saraçi, Dominik Wüst, Andrea Kruse, Jan-Dierk Grunwaldt. Toward an Intensified Process of Biomass-Derived Monomers: The Influence of 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural Byproducts on the Gold-Catalyzed Synthesis of 2,5-Furandicarboxylic Acid. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2020, 8 (31) , 11512-11521.
    38. Tarek Lemaoui, Ahmad S. Darwish, Nour El Houda Hammoudi, Farah Abu Hatab, Ayoub Attoui, Inas M. Alnashef, Yacine Benguerba. Prediction of Electrical Conductivity of Deep Eutectic Solvents Using COSMO-RS Sigma Profiles as Molecular Descriptors: A Quantitative Structure–Property Relationship Study. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2020, 59 (29) , 13343-13354.
    39. Ram S. Mohan, Maria P. Mejia. Environmentally Friendly Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiments for the Undergraduate Curriculum: A Literature Survey and Assessment. Journal of Chemical Education 2020, 97 (4) , 943-959.
    40. Yani Zhao, Manjesh K. Singh, Kurt Kremer, Robinson Cortes-Huerto, Debashish Mukherji. Why Do Elastin-Like Polypeptides Possibly Have Different Solvation Behaviors in Water–Ethanol and Water–Urea Mixtures?. Macromolecules 2020, 53 (6) , 2101-2110.
    41. Yufeng Wu, Xiaofei Tang, Jingnan Zhao, Cunfei Ma, Lei Yun, Zongyi Yu, Bo Song, Qingwei Meng. Sustainable and Practical Access to Epoxides: Metal-Free Aerobic Epoxidation of Olefins Mediated by Peroxy Radical Generated In Situ. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2020, 8 (2) , 1178-1184.
    42. Stephanie Chapman, Julie M. Herniman, G. John Langley, Robert Raja, Thomas A. Logothetis. Redox Aluminophosphates: Applying Fundamental Undergraduate Theory To Solve Global Challenges in the Chemical Industry. Journal of Chemical Education 2019, 96 (12) , 2937-2946.
    43. Leandro S. de M. Miranda, Rodrigo O. M. A. de Souza, Raquel A. C. Leão, Paula F. Carneiro, Sergio F. Pedraza, Otavio V. de Carvalho, Stefânia P. de Souza, Rebeca V. Neves. Continuous-Flow Sequential Schotten–Baumann Carbamoylation and Acetate Hydrolysis in the Synthesis of Capecitabine. Organic Process Research & Development 2019, 23 (11) , 2516-2520.
    44. Sayed Ali Akbar Razavi, Ali Morsali. Function–Structure Relationship in Metal–Organic Frameworks for Mild, Green, and Fast Catalytic C–C Bond Formation. Inorganic Chemistry 2019, 58 (21) , 14429-14439.
    45. Xin Song, Keju Sun, Xianfeng Hao, Hai-Yan Su, Xiufang Ma, Yuanhui Xu. Facet-Dependent of Catalytic Selectivity: The Case of H2O2 Direct Synthesis on Pd Surfaces. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (43) , 26324-26337.
    46. Jiancheng Zhu, Vincent N. G. Lindsay. Benzimidazolyl Palladium Complexes as Highly Active and General Bifunctional Catalysts in Sustainable Cross-Coupling Reactions. ACS Catalysis 2019, 9 (8) , 6993-6998.
    47. Ji Sun Lee, Ji Woong Yoon, Paulo G. M. Mileo, Kyung Ho Cho, Jaedeuk Park, Kiwoong Kim, Hyungjun Kim, Martijn F. de Lange, Freek Kapteijn, Guillaume Maurin, Simon M. Humphrey, Jong-San Chang. Porous Metal–Organic Framework CUK-1 for Adsorption Heat Allocation toward Green Applications of Natural Refrigerant Water. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2019, 11 (29) , 25778-25789.
    48. Xiang Zhou, Fusheng Xu, Zhibing Wu, Hu Li, Song Yang. Heterogeneous Prolinamide-Catalyzed Atom-Economical Synthesis of β-Thioketones from Bio-Based Enones. ACS Omega 2019, 4 (5) , 8588-8597.
    49. Parawee Rattanakit, Rasimate Maungchang. Determining Iron(III) Concentration in a Green Chemistry Experiment Using Phyllanthus emblica (Indian Gooseberry) Extract and Spectrophotometry. Journal of Chemical Education 2019, 96 (4) , 756-760.
    50. Dooli Kim, Sara Livazovic, Gheorghe Falca, Suzana P. Nunes. Oil–Water Separation using Membranes Manufactured from Cellulose/Ionic Liquid Solutions. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2019, 7 (6) , 5649-5659.
    51. Zhiping Yin, Jabor Rabeah, Angelika Brückner, Xiao-Feng Wu. Vinylboron Self-Promoted Carbonylative Coupling with Cyclobutanone Oxime Esters. Organic Letters 2019, 21 (6) , 1766-1769.
    52. Hasan Tavallaei, Maasoumeh Jafarpour, Fahimeh Feizpour, Abdolreza Rezaeifard, Alireza Farrokhi. A Cooperative Effect in a Novel Bimetallic Mo–V Nanocomplex Catalyzed Selective Aerobic C–H Oxidation. ACS Omega 2019, 4 (2) , 3601-3610.
    53. Yahya E. Jad, Ashish Kumar, Ayman El-Faham, Beatriz G. de la Torre, Fernando Albericio. Green Transformation of Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2019, 7 (4) , 3671-3683.
    54. Chen-Chen Cao, Cheng-Xia Chen, Zhang-Wen Wei, Qian-Feng Qiu, Neng-Xiu Zhu, Yang-Yang Xiong, Ji-Jun Jiang, Dawei Wang, Cheng-Yong Su. Catalysis through Dynamic Spacer Installation of Multivariate Functionalities in Metal–Organic Frameworks. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2019, 141 (6) , 2589-2593.
    55. Lisa Stadler, Maryam Homafar, Andreas Hartl, Sharif Najafishirtari, Massimo Colombo, Radek Zboril, Petr Martin, Manoj B. Gawande, Jian Zhi, Oliver Reiser. Recyclable Magnetic Microporous Organic Polymer (MOP) Encapsulated with Palladium Nanoparticles and Co/C Nanobeads for Hydrogenation Reactions. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2019, 7 (2) , 2388-2399.
    56. Christian Harcken Joshuaine Grant Hossein Razavi Maurice A. Marsini Frederic G. Buono Jon C. Lorenz Jonathan T. Reeves . Optimization of an Azaindazole Series of CCR1 Antagonists and Development of a Semicontinuous-Flow Synthesis. 2019, 185-238.
    57. Bejoy Thomas, Midhun C. Raj, Athira K. B, Rubiyah M. H, Jithin Joy, Audrey Moores, Glenna L. Drisko, Clément Sanchez. Nanocellulose, a Versatile Green Platform: From Biosources to Materials and Their Applications. Chemical Reviews 2018, 118 (24) , 11575-11625.
    58. Clément Michelin, Norbert Hoffmann. Photosensitization and Photocatalysis—Perspectives in Organic Synthesis. ACS Catalysis 2018, 8 (12) , 12046-12055.
    59. Ziwei Song, Bala Subramaniam, Raghunath V. Chaudhari. Kinetic Study of CaO-Catalyzed Transesterification of Cyclic Carbonates with Methanol. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2018, 57 (44) , 14977-14987.
    60. Wen Wei, Yuhai Tang, Yan Zhou, Ge Deng, Ziyu Liu, Jun Wu, Yang Li, Junjie Zhang, Silong Xu. Recycling Catalyst as Reactant: A Sustainable Strategy To Improve Atom Efficiency of Organocatalytic Tandem Reactions. Organic Letters 2018, 20 (20) , 6559-6563.
    61. Nenad Janković, Srđan Stefanović, Jelena Petronijević, Nenad Joksimović, Slađana B. Novaković, Goran A. Bogdanović, Jovana Muškinja, Milan Vraneš, Zoran Ratković, Zorica Bugarčić. Water-Tuned Tautomer-Selective Tandem Synthesis of the 5,6-Dihydropyrimidin-4(3H)-ones, Driven under the Umbrella of Sustainable Chemistry. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2018, 6 (10) , 13358-13366.
    62. Clay S. Bennett, M. Carmen Galan. Methods for 2-Deoxyglycoside Synthesis. Chemical Reviews 2018, 118 (17) , 7931-7985.
    63. Chad M. Gilmer, Ned B. Bowden. Reactive Epoxy Nanofiltration Membranes with Disulfide Bonds for the Separation of Multicomponent Chemical Mixtures. ACS Omega 2018, 3 (8) , 10216-10224.
    64. Liliana P. Silva, Luis Fernandez, João H. F. Conceição, Mónia A. R. Martins, Adriel Sosa, Juan Ortega, Simão P. Pinho, João A. P. Coutinho. Design and Characterization of Sugar-Based Deep Eutectic Solvents Using Conductor-like Screening Model for Real Solvents. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2018, 6 (8) , 10724-10734.
    65. Nathalia V. dos Santos, Margarida Martins, Valéria C. Santos-Ebinuma, Sónia P. M. Ventura, João A. P. Coutinho, Sandro R. Valentini, Jorge F. B. Pereira. Aqueous Biphasic Systems Composed of Cholinium Chloride and Polymers as Effective Platforms for the Purification of Recombinant Green Fluorescent Protein. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2018, 6 (7) , 9383-9393.
    66. Jiajing Zhang, Wentao Zhang, Minghui Xu, Yang Zhang, Xuefeng Fu, Huayi Fang. Production of Formamides from CO and Amines Induced by Porphyrin Rhodium(II) Metalloradical. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2018, 140 (21) , 6656-6660.
    67. Nuri Ohn, Jeung Gon Kim. Mechanochemical Post-Polymerization Modification: Solvent-Free Solid-State Synthesis of Functional Polymers. ACS Macro Letters 2018, 7 (5) , 561-565.
    68. Chalupat Jindakun, Sheng-Ying Hsieh, Jeffrey W. Bode. Iridium-catalyzed Synthesis of Saturated N-Heterocycles from Aldehydes and SnAP Reagents with Continuous Flow Photochemistry. Organic Letters 2018, 20 (7) , 2071-2075.
    69. Wan Xu, Thierry Ollevier, and Freddy Kleitz . Iron-Modified Mesoporous Silica as an Efficient Solid Lewis Acid Catalyst for the Mukaiyama Aldol Reaction. ACS Catalysis 2018, 8 (3) , 1932-1944.
    70. Yunlei Zhang, Qingang Xiong, Yao Chen, Meng Liu, Pei Jin, Yongsheng Yan, and Jianming Pan . Synthesis of Ceria and Sulfated Zirconia Catalysts Supported on Mesoporous SBA-15 toward Glucose Conversion to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in a Green Isopropanol-Mediated System. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2018, 57 (6) , 1968-1979.
    71. Sivaprakash Shanmugam, Sihao Xu, Nik Nik M. Adnan, and Cyrille Boyer . Heterogeneous Photocatalysis as a Means for Improving Recyclability of Organocatalyst in “Living” Radical Polymerization. Macromolecules 2018, 51 (3) , 779-790.
    72. Sarah Lopez, Laurianne Rondot, Chloé Leprêtre, Caroline Marchi-Delapierre, Stéphane Ménage, and Christine Cavazza . Cross-Linked Artificial Enzyme Crystals as Heterogeneous Catalysts for Oxidation Reactions. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (49) , 17994-18002.
    73. Jiwei Wu, Yuchen Zhou, Ting Wu, Yi Zhou, Chien-Wei Chiang, and Aiwen Lei . From Ketones, Amines, and Carbon Monoxide to 4-Quinolones: Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbonylation. Organic Letters 2017, 19 (23) , 6432-6435.
    74. Juan M. Asensio, Román Andrés, Pilar Gómez-Sal, and Ernesto de Jesús . Aqueous-Phase Chemistry of η3-Allylpalladium(II) Complexes with Sulfonated N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands: Solvent Effects in the Protolysis of Pd–C Bonds and Suzuki–Miyaura Reactions. Organometallics 2017, 36 (21) , 4191-4201.
    75. Hai N. Hoang, Emanuel Granero-Fernandez, Shinjiro Yamada, Shuichi Mori, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Yaocihuatl Medina-Gonzalez, and Tomoko Matsuda . Modulating Biocatalytic Activity toward Sterically Bulky Substrates in CO2-Expanded Biobased Liquids by Tuning the Physicochemical Properties. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (11) , 11051-11059.
    76. Sebenzile Shabalala, Suresh Maddila, Werner E. van Zyl, and Sreekantha B. Jonnalagadda . Innovative Efficient Method for the Synthesis of 1,4-Dihydropyridines Using Y2O3 Loaded on ZrO2 as Catalyst. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2017, 56 (40) , 11372-11379.
    77. Ashish Bahuguna, Suneel Kumar, Vipul Sharma, Kumbam Lingeshwar Reddy, Kaustava Bhattacharyya, P. C. Ravikumar, and Venkata Krishnan . Nanocomposite of MoS2-RGO as Facile, Heterogeneous, Recyclable, and Highly Efficient Green Catalyst for One-Pot Synthesis of Indole Alkaloids. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (10) , 8551-8567.
    78. Kenan Tokmic, Bailey J. Jackson, Andrea Salazar, Toby J. Woods, and Alison R. Fout . Cobalt-Catalyzed and Lewis Acid-Assisted Nitrile Hydrogenation to Primary Amines: A Combined Effort. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (38) , 13554-13561.
    79. Konstantin P. Bryliakov . Catalytic Asymmetric Oxygenations with the Environmentally Benign Oxidants H2O2 and O2. Chemical Reviews 2017, 117 (17) , 11406-11459.
    80. Homar Barcena, Abraham Tuachi, and Yuanzhuo Zhang . Teaching Green Chemistry with Epoxidized Soybean Oil. Journal of Chemical Education 2017, 94 (9) , 1314-1318.
    81. Anna Monfredini, Veronica Santacroce, Luciano Marchiò, Raimondo Maggi, Franca Bigi, Giovanni Maestri, Max Malacria. Semi-Reduction of Internal Alkynes with Prototypical Subnanometric Metal Surfaces: Bridging Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis with Trinuclear All-Metal Aromatics. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (9) , 8205-8212.
    82. Tobias Gensch, Michael Teders, and Frank Glorius . Approach to Comparing the Functional Group Tolerance of Reactions. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2017, 82 (17) , 9154-9159.
    83. Sidney M. Wilkerson-Hill, Diana Yu, Phillip P. Painter, Ethan L. Fisher, Dean J. Tantillo, Richmond Sarpong, and Jason E. Hein . Mechanism of a No-Metal-Added Heterocycloisomerization of Alkynylcyclopropylhydrazones: Synthesis of Cycloheptane-Fused Aminopyrroles Facilitated by Copper Salts at Trace Loadings. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (30) , 10569-10577.
    84. Zhanrong Zhang, Jinliang Song, and Buxing Han . Catalytic Transformation of Lignocellulose into Chemicals and Fuel Products in Ionic Liquids. Chemical Reviews 2017, 117 (10) , 6834-6880.
    85. Xuguang Sheng, Jinlong Zhang, Huameng Yang, and Gaoxi Jiang . Tunable Aerobic Oxidative Hydroxylation/Dehydrogenative Homocoupling of Pyrazol-5-ones under Transition-Metal-Free Conditions. Organic Letters 2017, 19 (10) , 2618-2621.
    86. Anthony Lannoy, Rudina Bleta, Cécile Machut-Binkowski, Ahmed Addad, Eric Monflier, and Anne Ponchel . Cyclodextrin-Directed Synthesis of Gold-Modified TiO2 Materials and Evaluation of Their Photocatalytic Activity in the Removal of a Pesticide from Water: Effect of Porosity and Particle Size. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (5) , 3623-3630.
    87. Heather L. Buckley, William M. Hart-Cooper, Jong H. Kim, David M. Faulkner, Luisa W. Cheng, Kathleen L. Chan, Christopher D. Vulpe, William J. Orts, Susan E. Amrose, and Martin J. Mulvihill . Design and Testing of Safer, More Effective Preservatives for Consumer Products. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (5) , 4320-4331.
    88. Dian Deng, Lang Xiao, Ill-Min Chung, Ick Soo Kim, and Mayakrishnan Gopiraman . Industrial-Quality Graphene Oxide Switched Highly Efficient Metal- and Solvent-Free Synthesis of β-Ketoenamines under Feasible Conditions. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (2) , 1253-1259.
    89. Xianxian Liu, Cai Ji, Qiwei Yang, Zongbi Bao, Xiaohui Fan, Yiwen Yang, and Huabin Xing . Carboxylate Ionic Liquids Combining Low Cytotoxicity toward HepG2 Cell and High Separation Efficiency for Bioactive Molecules. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2017, 5 (2) , 1974-1981.
    90. Amol Milind Garkhedkar, Gopal Chandru Senadi, and Jeh-Jeng Wang . ZnBr2-Mediated Cascade Reaction of o-Alkoxy Alkynols: Synthesis of Indeno[1,2-c]chromenes. Organic Letters 2017, 19 (3) , 488-491.
    91. Jacob E. Dander and Neil K. Garg . Breaking Amides using Nickel Catalysis. ACS Catalysis 2017, 7 (2) , 1413-1423.
    92. Anton A. Toutov, Kerry N. Betz, David P. Schuman, Wen-Bo Liu, Alexey Fedorov, Brian M. Stoltz, and Robert H. Grubbs . Alkali Metal-Hydroxide-Catalyzed C(sp)–H Bond silylation. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (4) , 1668-1674.
    93. Anton A. Toutov, Kerry N. Betz, Michael C. Haibach, Andrew M. Romine, and Robert H. Grubbs . Sodium Hydroxide Catalyzed Dehydrocoupling of Alcohols with Hydrosilanes. Organic Letters 2016, 18 (22) , 5776-5779.
    94. Leanne M. Gilbertson and Carla A. Ng . Evaluating the Use of Alternatives Assessment To Compare Bulk Organic Chemical and Nanomaterial Alternatives to Brominated Flame Retardants. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2016, 4 (11) , 6019-6030.
    95. Philip Coish, Bryan W. Brooks, Evan P. Gallagher, Terrance J. Kavanagh, Adelina Voutchkova-Kostal, Julie B. Zimmerman, and Paul T. Anastas . Current Status and Future Challenges in Molecular Design for Reduced Hazard. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2016, 4 (11) , 5900-5906.
    96. Kenan Tokmic and Alison R. Fout . Alkyne Semihydrogenation with a Well-Defined Nonclassical Co–H2 Catalyst: A H2 Spin on Isomerization and E-Selectivity. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2016, 138 (41) , 13700-13705.
    97. Serhii Zaruba, Andriy B. Vishnikin, Jana Škrlíková, and Vasil Andruch . Using an Optical Probe as the Microdrop Holder in Headspace Single Drop Microextraction: Determination of Sulfite in Food Samples. Analytical Chemistry 2016, 88 (20) , 10296-10300.
    98. Deng Yuan Li, Liang Liang Jiang, Shuang Chen, Zheng Lu Huang, Li Dang, Xin Yan Wu, and Pei Nian Liu . Cascade Reaction of Alkynols and 7-Oxabenzonorbornadienes Involving Transient Hemiketal Group Directed C–H Activation and Synergistic RhIII/ScIII Catalysis. Organic Letters 2016, 18 (19) , 5134-5137.
    99. Katarzyna Filip, Ewa Kleczkowska-Plichta, Zbigniew Araźny, Grzegorz Grynkiewicz, Magdalena Polowczyk, Krzysztof Gabarski, and Kinga Trzcińska . Technical Process for Preparation of Genistein. Organic Process Research & Development 2016, 20 (7) , 1354-1362.
    100. Etienne Girard, Thierry Tassaing, Jean-Daniel Marty, and Mathias Destarac . Structure–Property Relationships in CO2-philic (Co)polymers: Phase Behavior, Self-Assembly, and Stabilization of Water/CO2 Emulsions. Chemical Reviews 2016, 116 (7) , 4125-4169.
    Load more citations

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect