Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

Pair your accounts.

Export articles to Mendeley

Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

Click to create an ACS ID

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect
ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

Micro- and Nanocrystals of Organic Semiconductors

View Author Information
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Acc. Chem. Res. 2010, 43, 4, 529–540
Publication Date (Web):January 12, 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options


    Abstract Image

    Organic semiconductors have attracted wide attention in recent decades, resulting in the rapid development of organic electronics. For example, the solution processibility of organic semiconductors allows researchers to use unconventional deposition methods (such as inkjet printing and stamping) to fabricate large area devices at low cost. The mechanical properties of organic semiconductors also allow for flexible electronics. However, the most distinguishing feature of organic semiconductors is their chemical versatility, which permits the incorporation of functionalities through molecular design.

    However, key scientific challenges remain before organic electronics technology can advance further, including both the materials’ low charge carrier mobility and researchers’ limited knowledge of structure−property relationships in organic semiconductors. We expect that high-quality organic single crystals could overcome these challenges: their purity and long-range ordered molecular packing ensure high device performance and facilitate the study of structure−property relationships.

    Micro- and nanoscale organic crystals could offer practical advantages compared with their larger counterparts. First, growing small crystals conserves materials and saves time. Second, devices based on the smaller crystals could maintain the functional advantages of larger organic single crystals but would avoid the growth of large crystals, leading to the more efficient characterization of organic semiconductors. Third, the effective use of small crystals could allow researchers to integrate these materials into micro- and nanoelectronic devices using a “bottom-up” approach. Finally, unique properties of crystals at micro- and nanometer scale lead to new applications, such as flexible electronics.

    In this Account, we focus on organic micro- and nanocrystals, including their design, the controllable growth of crystals, and structure−property studies. We have also fabricated devices and circuits based on these crystals. This interdisciplinary work combines techniques from the fields of synthetic chemistry, self-assembly, crystallography, and condensed matter physics. We have designed new molecules, including a macrocycle and polyaromatic compounds that self-assemble in a predictive manner into regular high-quality crystals. We have examined how the structure, particularly π−π interactions, determines the crystal growth and how the external conditions affect the crystal morphology. We have developed new methods, such as the gold wire mask, the organic ribbon mask, and the gold layer stamp techniques, to fabricate high-performance devices based on the small crystals and investigate their anisotropic charge transport properties. In addition, we have demonstrated small-crystal organic circuits that function with high performance and ultralow power consumption. We expect that organic micro- and nanocrystals have a bright future in organic electronics.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 366 publications.

    1. Chunyu Yang, Bing Yan. Dual-Function Platform Based on Postsynthetic Functionalization of a Water-Stable Hydrogen-Bonded Organic Framework: Ratiometric Sensing of Nicotine and Cotinine and Dynamic Anticounterfeiting for Information Encryption. Inorganic Chemistry 2023, 62 (49) , 20458-20466.
    2. Taeyeon Kim, Jaeryong Im, Yeeun Roh, Geon Lee, Minah Seo. Identification of Chemical and Structural Characteristics of Acrylic Paint Layer Using Terahertz Metasurfaces. Analytical Chemistry 2023, 95 (41) , 15302-15310.
    3. Saeed Moayedpour, Imanuel Bier, Wen Wen, Derek Dardzinski, Olexandr Isayev, Noa Marom. Structure Prediction of Epitaxial Organic Interfaces with Ogre, Demonstrated for Tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) on Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF). The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2023, 127 (21) , 10398-10410.
    4. Dong Meng, Jingjing Xue, Yepin Zhao, Elizabeth Zhang, Ran Zheng, Yang Yang. Configurable Organic Charge Carriers toward Stable Perovskite Photovoltaics. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (18) , 14954-14986.
    5. Linfeng Lan, Qi Di, Liang Li, Bin Liu, Xu Yu, Panče Naumov, Hongyu Zhang. Packing-Dependent Mechanical Properties of Schiff Base Crystals. Crystal Growth & Design 2022, 22 (5) , 3435-3441.
    6. Dorothy K. Jones, Nagarjuna Gavvalapalli. Controlling the π-Stack Growth Direction in Organic π-Conjugated Microcrystals. Crystal Growth & Design 2022, 22 (1) , 1-19.
    7. Recep Isci, Melis Unal, Gizem Kucukcakir, Naime A. Gurbuz, Sultan F. Gorkem, Turan Ozturk. Triphenylamine/4,4′-Dimethoxytriphenylamine-Functionalized Thieno[3,2-b]thiophene Fluorophores with a High Quantum Efficiency: Synthesis and Photophysical Properties. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 2021, 125 (48) , 13309-13319.
    8. Yin-Xiang Li, Xue-Mei Dong, Meng-Na Yu, He-Shan Zhang, Mustafa Eginligil, Yi-Jie Nie, Ling-Hai Xie, Zong-Qiong Lin, Ju-Qing Liu, Wei Huang. 3D Steric Bulky Semiconductor Molecules toward Organic Optoelectronic Nanocrystals. ACS Materials Letters 2021, 3 (12) , 1799-1818.
    9. Chen Hu, Meiyi Wang, Xiao Han, Jingyi Fan, Donghui Wei, Jie Ding, Zhiwei Ma, Guanjun Xiao, Bo Zou, Hongwei Hou. Fascinating Supramolecular Assembly through Noncovalent Interactions Involving Anions in Organic Ionic Crystals. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2021, 125 (40) , 22346-22353.
    10. Debasish Barman, Peddaboodi Gopikrishna, Parameswar Krishnan Iyer. Stimuli-Responsive Trimorphs and Charge-Transfer Complexes of a Twisted Molecular Donor. Langmuir 2021, 37 (26) , 8024-8036.
    11. Benjamin King, Andrew J. Daszczynski, Nicole A. Rice, Alexander J. Peltekoff, Nathan J. Yutronkie, Benoît H. Lessard, Jaclyn L. Brusso. Cyanophenoxy-Substituted Silicon Phthalocyanines for Low Threshold Voltage n-Type Organic Thin-Film Transistors. ACS Applied Electronic Materials 2021, 3 (5) , 2212-2223.
    12. Junjie Huang, Hongye Hao, Yue Huang, Bo Yu, Kefeng Ren, Qiao Jin, Jian Ji. Gradient Porous Structure Templated by Breath Figure Method. Langmuir 2021, 37 (19) , 6016-6021.
    13. Dorothy K. Jones, Miklos Kertesz, Nagarjuna Gavvalapalli. Impact of the Aryl Amphiphile Hydrophobe Size on Controlling the π-Conjugated Microcrystal Growth along the π-Stack Direction. Crystal Growth & Design 2021, 21 (4) , 2465-2473.
    14. Yinjuan Huang, Qiuyu Gong, Jing Ge, Pengpeng Tang, Fei Yu, Lian Xiao, Zongrui Wang, Handong Sun, Jing Yu, Dong-Sheng Li, Qihua Xiong, Qichun Zhang. Green Grinding-Coassembly Engineering toward Intrinsically Luminescent Tetracene in Cocrystals. ACS Nano 2020, 14 (11) , 15962-15972.
    15. Biswajit Manna, Dipak K. Palit. Exciton Dynamics in Pyrene and Perylene Nanoaggregates. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2020, 124 (44) , 24470-24487.
    16. Qing Guo, Xin Ye, Qinglian Lin, Quanxiang Han, Chao Ge, Xiaoxin Zheng, Leilei Zhang, Shuangyue Cui, Yukun Wu, Cuicui Li, Yang Liu, Xutang Tao. Microspacing In-Air Sublimation Growth of Ultrathin Organic Single Crystals. Chemistry of Materials 2020, 32 (18) , 7618-7629.
    17. Wei Zeng, Meng-Jia Sun, Zhong-Liang Gong, Jiang-Yang Shao, Yu-Wu Zhong, Jiannian Yao. Effect of the Fluoro-Substituent Position on the Crystal Structure and Photoluminescence of Microcrystals of Platinum β-Diketonate Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 2020, 59 (16) , 11316-11328.
    18. Xiaotong Chu, Zhuoqun Lu, Baolei Tang, Bin Liu, Kaiqi Ye, Hongyu Zhang. Engineering Mechanical Compliance of an Organic Compound toward Flexible Crystal Lasing Media. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2020, 11 (14) , 5433-5438.
    19. Bin Wang, Ru He, Lin-Hua Xie, Zu-Jin Lin, Xin Zhang, Jing Wang, Hongliang Huang, Zhangjing Zhang, Kirk S. Schanze, Jian Zhang, Shengchang Xiang, Banglin Chen. Microporous Hydrogen-Bonded Organic Framework for Highly Efficient Turn-Up Fluorescent Sensing of Aniline. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2020, 142 (28) , 12478-12485.
    20. Jun-Yan Zhu, Ya-Lun Xu, Qianqian Li, Chuan-Bao Zhang, Yan-Bo Wang, Lixiong Zhang, Ji-Ya Fu, Lili Zhao. Monitoring the Hierarchical Evolution from a Double-Stranded Helix to a Well-Defined Microscopic Morphology Based on a Turbine-like Aromatic Molecule. ACS Omega 2020, 5 (27) , 16612-16618.
    21. Seul-Gi Yu, Yong-Ryun Jo, Min-Woo Kim, Bong-Joong Kim. Growth Kinetics of Single Crystalline C8-BTBT Rods via Solvent Vapor Annealing. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2020, 124 (27) , 14873-14880.
    22. Ying-Li Shi, Ming-Peng Zhuo, Xue-Dong Wang, Liang-Sheng Liao. Two-Dimensional Organic Semiconductor Crystals for Photonics Applications. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2020, 3 (2) , 1080-1097.
    23. Huanbin Li, Jiake Wu, Kohtaro Takahashi, Jie Ren, Ruihan Wu, Hongyi Cai, Jieru Wang, Huolin L. Xin, Qian Miao, Hiroko Yamada, Hongzheng Chen, Hanying Li. Organic Heterojunctions Formed by Interfacing Two Single Crystals from a Mixed Solution. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2019, 141 (25) , 10007-10015.
    24. Ramesh Devarapalli, Sourabh Bhagwan Kadambi, Chun-Teh Chen, Gamidi Rama Krishna, Bal Raju Kammari, Markus J. Buehler, Upadrasta Ramamurty, C. Malla Reddy. Remarkably Distinct Mechanical Flexibility in Three Structurally Similar Semiconducting Organic Crystals Studied by Nanoindentation and Molecular Dynamics. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (4) , 1391-1402.
    25. Manjeet Singh, Deepak Chopra. Diversity in Mechanical Response in Donor–Acceptor Coupled Cocrystal Stoichiomorphs Based on Pyrene and 1,8-Dinitroanthraquinone Systems. Crystal Growth & Design 2018, 18 (11) , 6670-6680.
    26. Jianxu Zhang, Lei Wang, Zhigang Xie. Size-Tunable and Crystalline BODIPY Nanorods for Bioimaging. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering 2018, 4 (6) , 1969-1975.
    27. Xin Ye, Yang Liu, Quanxiang Han, Chao Ge, Shuangyue Cui, Leilei Zhang, Xiaoxin Zheng, Guangfeng Liu, Jie Liu, Duo Liu, and Xutang Tao . Microspacing In-Air Sublimation Growth of Organic Crystals. Chemistry of Materials 2018, 30 (2) , 412-420.
    28. Shotaro Hayashi, Toshio Koizumi, and Natsumi Kamiya . Elastic Bending Flexibility of a Fluorescent Organic Single Crystal: New Aspects of the Commonly Used Building Block 4,7-Dibromo-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole. Crystal Growth & Design 2017, 17 (12) , 6158-6162.
    29. Xiaoxian Song, Zuolun Zhang, Shoufeng Zhang, Jinbei Wei, Kaiqi Ye, Yu Liu, Todd B. Marder, and Yue Wang . Geometric Shape Regulation and Noncovalent Synthesis of One-Dimensional Organic Luminescent Nano-/Micro-Materials. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2017, 8 (15) , 3711-3717.
    30. Jing Zhang, Wei Xu, Peng Sheng, Guangyao Zhao, and Daoben Zhu . Organic Donor–Acceptor Complexes as Novel Organic Semiconductors. Accounts of Chemical Research 2017, 50 (7) , 1654-1662.
    31. Pei-Yang Gu, Zongrui Wang, Guangfeng Liu, Huiying Yao, Zilong Wang, Yang Li, Jia Zhu, Shuzhou Li, and Qichun Zhang . Synthesis, Full Characterization, and Field Effect Transistor Behavior of a Stable Pyrene-Fused N-Heteroacene with Twelve Linearly Annulated Six-Membered Rings. Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29 (10) , 4172-4175.
    32. Jiayu Wang, Kuan Liu, Lanchao Ma, and Xiaowei Zhan . Triarylamine: Versatile Platform for Organic, Dye-Sensitized, and Perovskite Solar Cells. Chemical Reviews 2016, 116 (23) , 14675-14725.
    33. Huanli Dong and Wenping Hu . Multilevel Investigation of Charge Transport in Conjugated Polymers. Accounts of Chemical Research 2016, 49 (11) , 2435-2443.
    34. Guang Lu, Xia Kong, Pan Ma, Kang Wang, Yanli Chen, and Jianzhuang Jiang . Amphiphilic (Phthalocyaninato) (Porphyrinato) Europium Triple-Decker Nanoribbons with Air-Stable Ambipolar OFET Performance. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (9) , 6174-6182.
    35. Hailong Wang, Bin Li, Hui Wu, Tong-Liang Hu, Zizhu Yao, Wei Zhou, Shengchang Xiang, and Banglin Chen . A Flexible Microporous Hydrogen-Bonded Organic Framework for Gas Sorption and Separation. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2015, 137 (31) , 9963-9970.
    36. Mamoru Okaniwa, Yuya Oaki, Soichiro Kaneko, Kazuki Ishida, Hideyuki Maki, and Hiroaki Imai . Advanced Biomimetic Approach for Crystal Growth in Nonaqueous Media: Morphology and Orientation Control of Pentacosadiynoic Acid and Applications. Chemistry of Materials 2015, 27 (7) , 2627-2632.
    37. Maksym V. Kovalenko, Liberato Manna, Andreu Cabot, Zeger Hens, Dmitri V. Talapin, Cherie R. Kagan, Victor I. Klimov, Andrey L. Rogach, Peter Reiss, Delia J. Milliron, Philippe Guyot-Sionnnest, Gerasimos Konstantatos, Wolfgang J. Parak, Taeghwan Hyeon, Brian A. Korgel, Christopher B. Murray, and Wolfgang Heiss . Prospects of Nanoscience with Nanocrystals. ACS Nano 2015, 9 (2) , 1012-1057.
    38. Laju Bu, Trenton J. Dawson, and Ryan C. Hayward . Tailoring Ultrasound-Induced Growth of Perylene Diimide Nanowire Crystals from Solution by Modification with Poly(3-hexyl thiophene). ACS Nano 2015, 9 (2) , 1878-1885.
    39. Ruizhi Tang, Fan Zhang, Yubin Fu, Qing Xu, Xinyang Wang, Xiaodong Zhuang, Dongqing Wu, Angelos Giannakopoulos, David Beljonne, and Xinliang Feng . Efficient Approach to Electron-Deficient 1,2,7,8-Tetraazaperylene Derivatives. Organic Letters 2014, 16 (18) , 4726-4729.
    40. Yingying Wang, Barbara Heck, Daniel Schiefer, John O. Agumba, Michael Sommer, Tao Wen, and Günter Reiter . Anisotropic Photophysical Properties of Highly Aligned Crystalline Structures of a Bulky Substituted Poly(thiophene). ACS Macro Letters 2014, 3 (9) , 881-885.
    41. Chao Gong, Wei Deng, Bin Zou, Yuliang Xing, Xiujuan Zhang, Xiaohong Zhang, and Jiansheng Jie . Large-Scale Assembly of Organic Micro/Nanocrystals into Highly Ordered Patterns and Their Applications for Strain Sensors. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6 (14) , 11018-11024.
    42. Peipei Guo, Guangyao Zhao, Penglei Chen, Bin Lei, Lang Jiang, Hantang Zhang, Wenping Hu, and Minghua Liu . Porphyrin Nanoassemblies via Surfactant-Assisted Assembly and Single Nanofiber Nanoelectronic Sensors for High-Performance H2O2 Vapor Sensing. ACS Nano 2014, 8 (4) , 3402-3411.
    43. Barbara Vercelli , Mariacecilia Pasini , Anna Berlin , Juan Casado, J. Teodomiro López Navarrete, and Rocío Ponce Ortiz , Gianni Zotti . Phenyl- and Thienyl-Ended Symmetric Azomethines and Azines as Model Compounds for n-Channel Organic Field-Effect Transistors: An Electrochemical and Computational Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2014, 118 (8) , 3984-3993.
    44. Paul J. Homnick, Jonathan S. Tinkham, Raymond Devaughn, and Paul M. Lahti . Engineering Frontier Energy Levels in Donor–Acceptor Fluoren-9-ylidene Malononitriles versus Fluorenones. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2014, 118 (2) , 475-486.
    45. Günther Schwabegger, Martin Oehzelt, Ingo Salzmann, Francesco Quochi, Michele Saba, Andrea Mura, Giovanni Bongiovanni, Antje Vollmer, Norbert Koch, Helmut Sitter, and Clemens Simbrunner . Interface Properties of Organic para-Hexaphenyl/α-Sexithiophene Heterostructures Deposited on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite. Langmuir 2013, 29 (47) , 14444-14450.
    46. Lang Wei, Jiannian Yao, and Hongbing Fu . Solvent-Assisted Self-Assembly of Fullerene into Single-Crystal Ultrathin Microribbons as Highly Sensitive UV–Visible Photodetectors. ACS Nano 2013, 7 (9) , 7573-7582.
    47. Yao Liu, Huanli Dong, Shidong Jiang, Guangyao Zhao, Qinqin Shi, Jiahui Tan, Lang Jiang, Wenping Hu, and Xiaowei Zhan . High Performance Nanocrystals of a Donor–Acceptor Conjugated Polymer. Chemistry of Materials 2013, 25 (13) , 2649-2655.
    48. Neil M. Tucker, Alejandro L. Briseno, Orb Acton, Hin-Lap Yip, Hong Ma, Samson A. Jenekhe, Younan Xia, and Alex K.-Y. Jen . Solvent-Dispersed Benzothiadiazole-Tetrathiafulvalene Single-Crystal Nanowires and Their Application in Field-Effect Transistors. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2013, 5 (7) , 2320-2324.
    49. Yonghai Li, Guanxin Zhang, Ge Yang, Yunlong Guo, Chong’an Di, Xin Chen, Zitong Liu, Huiying Liu, Zhenzhen Xu, Wei Xu, Hongbing Fu, and Deqing Zhang . Extended π-Conjugated Molecules Derived from Naphthalene Diimides toward Organic Emissive and Semiconducting Materials. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2013, 78 (7) , 2926-2934.
    50. Chuanxing Shi, Zhiqian Guo, Yongli Yan, Shiqin Zhu, Yongshu Xie, Yong Sheng Zhao, Weihong Zhu, and He Tian . Self-Assembly Solid-State Enhanced Red Emission of Quinolinemalononitrile: Optical Waveguides and Stimuli Response. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2013, 5 (1) , 192-198.
    51. Kari L. Copeland and Gregory S. Tschumper . Effects of Heterogeneity in Small π-Type Dimers: Homogeneous and Mixed Dimers of Diacetylene and Cyanogen. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 2012, 8 (11) , 4279-4284.
    52. Sang Kyu Park, Jong H. Kim, Seong-Jun Yoon, Oh Kyu Kwon, Byeong-Kwan An, and Soo Young Park . High-Performance n-Type Organic Transistor with a Solution-Processed and Exfoliation-Transferred Two-Dimensional Crystalline Layered Film. Chemistry of Materials 2012, 24 (16) , 3263-3268.
    53. Zong-Qiong Lin, Peng-Ju Sun, Yee-Yan Tay, Jing Liang, Yi Liu, Nai-En Shi, Ling-Hai Xie, Ming-Dong Yi, Yan Qian, Qu-Li Fan, Hua Zhang, Huey Hoon Hng, Jan Ma, Qichun Zhang, and Wei Huang . Kinetically Controlled Assembly of a Spirocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon into Polyhedral Micro/Nanocrystals. ACS Nano 2012, 6 (6) , 5309-5319.
    54. Yue Wang, Jinglin Liu, Henry D. Tran, Matthew Mecklenburg, Xin N. Guan, Adam Z. Stieg, B. C. Regan, David C. Martin, and Richard B. Kaner . Morphological and Dimensional Control via Hierarchical Assembly of Doped Oligoaniline Single Crystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2012, 134 (22) , 9251-9262.
    55. Lin Ding, Hai-Bin Li, Ting Lei, Han-Ze Ying, Rui-Bo Wang, Yan Zhou, Zhong-Min Su, and Jian Pei . Alkylene-Chain Effect on Microwire Growth and Crystal Packing of π-Moieties. Chemistry of Materials 2012, 24 (10) , 1944-1949.
    56. Chengliang Wang, Huanli Dong, Wenping Hu, Yunqi Liu, and Daoben Zhu . Semiconducting π-Conjugated Systems in Field-Effect Transistors: A Material Odyssey of Organic Electronics. Chemical Reviews 2012, 112 (4) , 2208-2267.
    57. Suhao Wang, Peng Gao, Ingo Liebewirth, Katrin Kirchhoff, Shuping Pang, Xinliang Feng, Wojciech Pisula, and Klaus Müllen . Microribbon Field-Effect Transistors Based on Dithieno[2,3-d;2,3′-d′]benzo[1,2-b;4,5-b′]dithiophene Processed by Solvent Vapor Diffusion. Chemistry of Materials 2011, 23 (22) , 4960-4964.
    58. Marta Mas-Torrent and Concepció Rovira . Role of Molecular Order and Solid-State Structure in Organic Field-Effect Transistors. Chemical Reviews 2011, 111 (8) , 4833-4856.
    59. Bo Yang, Jinchong Xiao, Jen It Wong, Jun Guo, Yuechao Wu, Lijin Ong, Luciana Lisa Lao, Freddy Boey, Hua Zhang, Hui Ying Yang, and Qichun Zhang . Shape-Controlled Micro/Nanostructures of 9,10-Diphenylanthracene (DPA) and Their Application in Light-Emitting Devices. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2011, 115 (16) , 7924-7927.
    60. Satoru Sato, Shu Seki, Yoshihito Honsho, Lu Wang, Hidefumi Nikawa, Guangfu Luo, Jing Lu, Masayuki Haranaka, Takahiro Tsuchiya, Shigeru Nagase, and Takeshi Akasaka . Semi-metallic Single-Component Crystal of Soluble La@C82 Derivative with High Electron Mobility. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2011, 133 (8) , 2766-2771.
    61. Longtian Kang, Hongbing Fu, Xinqiang Cao, Qiang Shi, and Jiannian Yao . Controlled Morphogenesis of Organic Polyhedral Nanocrystals from Cubes, Cubooctahedrons, to Octahedrons by Manipulating the Growth Kinetics. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2011, 133 (6) , 1895-1901.
    62. Felix Sunjoo Kim, Guoqiang Ren, and Samson A. Jenekhe . One-Dimensional Nanostructures of π-Conjugated Molecular Systems: Assembly, Properties, and Applications from Photovoltaics, Sensors, and Nanophotonics to Nanoelectronics. Chemistry of Materials 2011, 23 (3) , 682-732.
    63. Jian-Jun Wang, Yong-Qing Wang, Fei-Fei Cao, Yu-Guo Guo and Li-Jun Wan. Synthesis of Monodispersed Wurtzite Structure CuInSe2 Nanocrystals and Their Application in High-Performance Organic−Inorganic Hybrid Photodetectors. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132 (35) , 12218-12221.
    64. Chengliang Wang, Huanli Dong, Hongxiang Li, Huaping Zhao, Qing Meng and Wenping Hu . Dibenzothiophene Derivatives: From Herringbone to Lamellar Packing Motif. Crystal Growth & Design 2010, 10 (9) , 4155-4160.
    65. Kyoungmi Jang, Asanga D. Ranasinghe, Clemens Heske and Dong-Chan Lee. Organogels from Functionalized T-Shaped π-Conjugated Bisphenazines. Langmuir 2010, 26 (16) , 13630-13636.
    66. Jinchong Xiao, Zongyou Yin, Hong Li, Qing Zhang, Freddy Boey, Hua Zhang and Qichun Zhang . Postchemistry of Organic Particles: When TTF Microparticles Meet TCNQ Microstructures in Aqueous Solution. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132 (20) , 6926-6928.
    67. Ran Zheng, Dong Meng, Yang Yang. Noncovalent π-stacked organic frameworks (πOFs): A promising class of porous materials. Materials Today 2024, 32
    68. Dilfuza Husanova, Jurat Ochilov, Umedjon Khalilov. Formation Onset of Flat-Perylene Prenucleation Clusters in Vacuum. Chemical Physics 2024, 579 , 112191.
    69. Jin-Kun Guo, W.D.N. Sandaruwan, Jinwei Li, Jinzhong Ling, Ying Yuan, Xin Liu, Qiang Li, Xiaorui Wang. Recent Progress in Droplet Structure Machining for Advanced Optics. Micromachines 2024, 15 (3) , 337.
    70. Ning 宁 Yan 闫, Zhiren 志仁 Xiong 熊, Chengbing 成兵 Qin 秦, Xiaoxi 小茜 Li 李. High-Performance Organic Field-Effect Transistors Based on Two-Dimensional Vat Orange 3 Crystals. Chinese Physics Letters 2024, 41 (2) , 028101.
    71. Wei-Long Xu, Jingli Hu, Qiyan Yang, Yuebin Lian, Min Zheng, Yannan Zhang. Micro-space sublimation perylene microcrystals and its photophysical dynamics. Optical Materials 2024, 148 , 114744.
    72. Qiang Lv, Xue-Dong Wang, Yue Yu, Chao-Fei Xu, Yan-Jun Yu, Xing-Yu Xia, Min Zheng, Liang-Sheng Liao. Lateral epitaxial growth of two-dimensional organic heterostructures. Nature Chemistry 2024, 16 (2) , 201-209.
    73. Lulu Zhang, Zuofang Feng, Hongli Zhang, Yu Zhang, Gang Zou, Chuang Zhang, Yilong Lei. Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Self‐Assembly of Luminescent Pyromellitic Dianhydride‐Based Charge‐Transfer Complexes. Advanced Functional Materials 2024, 34 (4)
    74. Tingting Wang, Yixin Wan, Nan Yu, Kewei Gu, Zhiwei Lu, Junli Wang. Long-chain tin( iv ) alkanethiolates (Sn(SC n H 2 n +1 ) 4 , n ≥ 12) with the coexistence of trans and gauche S–C bonds: a class of lamellar van der Waals molecular crystals. CrystEngComm 2023, 25 (41) , 5782-5786.
    75. Meng‐Xiang Wu, Yantong Li, Peipei Liu, Xusheng Shi, Hao Kang, Xiao‐Li Zhao, Lin Xu, Xiaodong Li, Junfeng Fang, Zhiwei Fang, Ya Cheng, Huakang Yu, Xueliang Shi, Hai‐Bo Yang. Functionalization of Pentacene: A Facile and Versatile Approach to Contorted Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Angewandte Chemie 2023, 135 (42)
    76. Meng‐Xiang Wu, Yantong Li, Peipei Liu, Xusheng Shi, Hao Kang, Xiao‐Li Zhao, Lin Xu, Xiaodong Li, Junfeng Fang, Zhiwei Fang, Ya Cheng, Huakang Yu, Xueliang Shi, Hai‐Bo Yang. Functionalization of Pentacene: A Facile and Versatile Approach to Contorted Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2023, 62 (42)
    77. Ali Suerkan, Recep Isci, Turan Ozturk, Yusuf Yagci. Cationic and radical polymerization using a boron–thienothiophene–triphenylamine based D–π–A type photosensitizer under white LED irradiation. Molecular Systems Design & Engineering 2023, 8 (10) , 1319-1326.
    78. Shougang Sun, Jiannan Qi, Shuguang Wang, Zhongwu Wang, Yongxu Hu, Yinan Huang, Yao Fu, Yanpeng Wang, Haiyan Du, Xiaoxia Hu, Yong Lei, Xiaosong Chen, Liqiang Li, Wenping Hu. General Spatial Confinement Recrystallization Method for Rapid Preparation of Thickness‐Controllable and Uniform Organic Semiconductor Single Crystals. Small 2023, 19 (38)
    79. Jie Ren, Bo Yu, Feng Zhu, Donghang Yan. Electron conduction properties of emitting layer containing nanoaggregates in crystalline OLEDs. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 2023, 34 (24)
    80. Zongrui Wang, Yang Hu, Yujie Xie, Fengxiang Qie, Junfeng Guo, Lei Zhang, Chunfeng Shi, Florian Glöcklhofer, Yonggang Zhen. 1D slipped stacking microribbon-like crystals based on 6,13-dicyanopentacene for ambipolar charge transport. Science China Materials 2023, 66 (6) , 2429-2435.
    81. Ning Zhang, Wenhao Li, Jiangyu Zhu, Teng Wang, Rong Zhang, Kai Chi, Yunqi Liu, Yan Zhao, Xuefeng Lu. Periphery Fusion Strategy of a Carbazole‐Based Macrocycle toward Coplanar N‐Heterocycloarene for High‐Mobility Single‐Crystal Transistors. Advanced Materials 2023,
    82. Yihan Zhang, Yongshuai Wang, Can Gao, Zhenjie Ni, Xiaotao Zhang, Wenping Hu, Huanli Dong. Recent advances in n-type and ambipolar organic semiconductors and their multi-functional applications. Chemical Society Reviews 2023, 52 (4) , 1331-1381.
    83. Madhuparna Chakraborty, Manab Chakravarty. Flanking-donor-controlled diversity in mechanical-force-induced reversible fluorochromism and enhanced emission for carboxylic acid and ester linked solid-state emitters. CrystEngComm 2023, 25 (7) , 1126-1135.
    84. Geonwoo Kim, Dongbeom Kim, Yoonsun Choi, Arup Ghorai, Gyeongbae Park, Unyong Jeong. New Approaches to Produce Large‐Area Single Crystal Thin Films. Advanced Materials 2023, 35 (4)
    85. Jie Li, Zhengsheng Qin, Yajing Sun, Yonggang Zhen, Jie Liu, Ye Zou, Chunlei Li, Xueying Lu, Lang Jiang, Xiaotao Zhang, Deyang Ji, Liqiang Li, Huanli Dong, Wenping Hu. Regulating Crystal Packing by Terminal tert ‐Butylation for Enhanced Solid‐State Emission and Efficacious Charge Transport in an Anthracene‐Based Molecular Crystal. Angewandte Chemie 2022, 134 (45)
    86. Jie Li, Zhengsheng Qin, Yajing Sun, Yonggang Zhen, Jie Liu, Ye Zou, Chunlei Li, Xueying Lu, Lang Jiang, Xiaotao Zhang, Deyang Ji, Liqiang Li, Huanli Dong, Wenping Hu. Regulating Crystal Packing by Terminal tert ‐Butylation for Enhanced Solid‐State Emission and Efficacious Charge Transport in an Anthracene‐Based Molecular Crystal. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2022, 61 (45)
    87. Qiang Lv, Min Zheng, Xue‐Dong Wang, Liang‐Sheng Liao. Low‐Dimensional Organic Crystals: From Precise Synthesis to Advanced Applications. Small 2022, 18 (44)
    88. Xuemei Dong, Heshan Zhang, Yinxiang Li, Bin Liu, Keyuan Pan, Yijie Nie, Mengna Yu, Mustafa Eginligil, Juqing Liu, Wei Huang. Two-dimensional molecular crystalline semiconductors towards advanced organic optoelectronics. Nano Research 2022, 15 (10) , 9554-9572.
    89. Shuai Li, Jingyao Chen, Yuling Wei, Jianbo De, Hua Geng, Qing Liao, Runfeng Chen, Hongbing Fu. An Organic Laser Based on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence with Aggregation‐Induced Emission and Local Excited State Characteristics. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2022, 61 (39)
    90. Shuai Li, Jingyao Chen, Yuling Wei, Jianbo De, Hua Geng, Qing Liao, Runfeng Chen, Hongbing Fu. An Organic Laser Based on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence with Aggregation‐Induced Emission and Local Excited State Characteristics. Angewandte Chemie 2022, 134 (39)
    91. Panpan Zhao, Lulu Zhang, Zhengong Meng, Yilong Lei. Multicomponent Molecular Assembly of Fluorescent Organic Semiconductors Beyond Three Compounds. Advanced Functional Materials 2022, 32 (35)
    92. Recep Isci, Li Wan, Sebahat Topal, Dilara Gunturkun, Alasdair James Campbell, Turan Ozturk. Solution-processable donor–π–acceptor type thieno[3,2- b ]thiophene derivatives; synthesis, photophysical properties and applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2022, 10 (29) , 10719-10727.
    93. Fatemeh Mostaghni, Homa Shafiekhani, Nosrat Madadi Mahani. Linear and nonlinear optical properties of 1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-3-(4-chlorophenyl) triazene. International Journal of Materials Research 2022, 113 (7) , 644-651.
    94. Qiang Lv, Xue‐Dong Wang, Liang‐Sheng Liao. Exploring Axial Organic Multiblock Heterostructure Nanowires: Advances in Molecular Design, Synthesis, and Functional Applications. Advanced Functional Materials 2022, 32 (28)
    95. Ayse Can, Antonio Facchetti, Hakan Usta. Indenofluorenes for organic optoelectronics: the dance of fused five- and six-membered rings enabling structural versatility. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2022, 10 (22) , 8496-8535.
    96. Ling Bai, Ning Wang, Yuliang Li. Controlled Growth and Self‐Assembly of Multiscale Organic Semiconductor. Advanced Materials 2022, 34 (22) , 2102811.
    97. Guvenc Akgul, Funda Aksoy Akgul. Impact of cobalt doping on structural and magnetic properties of zinc oxide nanocomposites synthesized by mechanical ball-milling method. Colloid and Interface Science Communications 2022, 48 , 100611.
    98. Yinjuan Huang, Qichun Zhang. Hetero‐aggregation‐induced Tunable Emission (HAITE) Through Cocrystal Strategy. 2022, 273-310.
    99. Jie Ren, Yujing Liu, Hanying Li. Incorporating polymers within a single‐crystal: From heterogeneous structure to multiple functions. Journal of Polymer Science 2022, 60 (7) , 1151-1173.
    100. Dan Liu, Feng Zhu, Donghang Yan. Crystalline organic thin films for crystalline OLEDs (I): orientation of phenanthroimidazole derivatives. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2022, 10 (7) , 2663-2670.
    Load more citations