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Kinetically Controlled Formation of Multidimensional Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) Nanostructures in Vapor-Deposition Polymerization

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World Class University program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment, School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South Korea
Alan G. MacDiarmid Energy Research Institute, Department of Polymer and Fiber System Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, South Korea
*E-mail: [email protected] (H.Y.), [email protected] (J.J.).
Cite this: Chem. Mater. 2012, 24, 21, 4088–4092
Publication Date (Web):October 4, 2012
https://doi.org/10.1021/cm301972f
Copyright © 2012 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    We establish, for the first time, the concept that the morphology of deposited polymer nanomaterials is highly affected by substrate curvature, as well as synthetic conditions. Nanonodules and nanorods can be grown on a nanofiber surface by controlling critical kinetic factors (temperature and pressure) during vapor deposition polymerization, leading to the formation of multidimensional polymer nanostructures. On the other hand, no remarkable nanostructures were generated on bulk flat substrate under the same conditions. Multidimensional poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanofibers were fabricated successfully, and their hollow nanostructures, namely nanotubes, were also obtained by a core-etching process. It is expected that the multidimensional conducting polymer nanomaterials will have advantages when used as structures for superhydrophobic coatings, adhesion enhancement, separation, and energy conversion/storage.

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    Infrared spectra before and after PEDOT coating, FE-SEM images showing the effect of substrate curvature, details on the kinetic equation. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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