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Utility of the Hard/Soft Acid−Base Principle via the Fukui Function in Biological Systems

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Quantum Theory Project, Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, 2328 New Physics Building, P.O. Box 118435, Gainesville, Florida 32611-8435
* Corresponding author phone: (352) 392-6973; fax: (352) 392-8722; e-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2010, 6, 2, 548–559
Publication Date (Web):January 7, 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society

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    The hard/soft acid−base (HSAB) principle has long been known to be an excellent predictor of chemical reactivity. The Fukui function, a reactivity descriptor from conceptual density functional theory, has been shown to be related to the local softness of a system. The usefulness of the Fukui function is explored and demonstrated herein for three common biological problems: ligand docking, active site detection, and protein folding. In each type of study, a scoring function is developed on the basis of the local HSAB principle using atomic Fukui indices. Even with necessary approximations for its use in large systems, the Fukui function remains a useful descriptor for predicting chemical reactivity and understanding chemical systems.

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