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Abiotic Reductive Dechlorination of Chlorinated Ethylenes by Iron-Bearing Soil Minerals. 2. Green Rust

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Environmental Science Research Center, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, and Department of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2002, 36, 24, 5348–5354
Publication Date (Web):November 9, 2002
Copyright © 2002 American Chemical Society

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    Abiotic reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes by the sulfate form of green rust (GRSO4) was examined in batch reactors. Dechlorination kinetics were described by a modified Langmuir−Hinshelwood model. The rate constant for reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethylenes at reactive GRSO4 surfaces was in the range of 0.592 (±4.4%) to 1.59 (±6.3%) day-1. The specific reductive capacity of GRSO4 for target organics was in the range of 9.86 (±10.1%) to 18.0 (±4.3%) μM/g and sorption coefficient was in the range of 0.53 (±2.4%) to 1.22 (±4.3%) mM-1. Surface area-normalized pseudo-first-order initial rate constants for chlorinated ethylenes by GRSO4 were 3.4 to 8.2 times greater than those by pyrite. Chlorinated ethylenes were mainly transformed to acetylene, and no detectable amounts of chlorinated intermediates were observed. The rate constants for the reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE) increased as pH increased (6.8 to 10.1) but were independent of solid concentration and initial TCE concentration. Magnetite and/or maghemite were produced by the oxidation of GRSO4 by TCE. These findings are relevant to the understanding of the role of abiotic reductive dechlorination during natural attenuation in environments that contain GRSO4.


     Corresponding author phone:  (812)855-8486; fax:  (812)855-1881; e-mail:  [email protected].

     Indiana University.

     Texas A&M University.

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    Table of measured solid phase partitioning coefficients and partitioning factors of chlorinated ethylenes in GRSO4 suspension and figures of diffractogram of GRSO4, reductive transformation of PCE by GRSO4 and rate constant, specific initial reductive capacity, and sorption coefficient as a function of mass ratio and as a function of initial target organic concentration for the reductive dechlorination of TCE. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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