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Indoor Secondary Pollutants from Household Product Emissions in the Presence of Ozone:  A Bench-Scale Chamber Study

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Indoor Environment and Atmospheric Sciences Departments, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, Civil & Environmental Engineering Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1710, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey & Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, and International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 14, 4421–4428
Publication Date (Web):June 9, 2006
Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society

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    Ozone-driven chemistry is a source of indoor secondary pollutants of potential health concern. This study investigates secondary air pollutants formed from reactions between constituents of household products and ozone. Gas-phase product emissions were introduced along with ozone at constant rates into a 198-L Teflon-lined reaction chamber. Gas-phase concentrations of reactive terpenoids and oxidation products were measured. Formaldehyde was a predominant oxidation byproduct for the three studied products, with yields for most conditions of 20−30% with respect to ozone consumed. Acetaldehyde, acetone, glycolaldehyde, formic acid, and acetic acid were each also detected for two or three of the products. Immediately upon mixing of reactants, a scanning mobility particle sizer detected particle nucleation events that were followed by a significant degree of secondary particle growth. The production of secondary gaseous pollutants and particles depended primarily on the ozone level and was influenced by other parameters such as the air-exchange rate. Hydroxyl radical concentrations in the range 0.04−200 × 105 molecules cm-3 were determined by an indirect method. OH concentrations were observed to vary strongly with residual ozone level in the chamber, which was in the range 1−25 ppb, as is consistent with expectations from a simplified kinetic model. In a separate chamber study, we exposed the dry residue of two products to ozone and observed the formation of gas-phase and particle-phase secondary oxidation products.

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     Corresponding author e-mail:  [email protected].

     Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

     University of California, Berkeley.


     University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey & Rutgers University, and International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark.

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