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Phylogenetic Microarray Analysis of a Microbial Community Performing Reductive Dechlorination at a TCE-Contaminated Site

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California—Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America
School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China
§ Microbial Ecology Program, DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America
Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States of America
CDM, Helena, Montana, United States of America
*Phone: (510) 643-5969; fax: (510) 642-7483; e-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012, 46, 2, 1044–1054
Publication Date (Web):November 17, 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    A high-density phylogenetic microarray (PhyloChip) was applied to track bacterial and archaeal populations through different phases of remediation at Ft. Lewis, WA, a trichloroethene (TCE)-contaminated groundwater site. Biostimulation with whey, and bioaugmentation with a Dehalococcoides-containing enrichment culture were strategies implemented to enhance dechlorination. As a measure of species richness, over 1300 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected in DNA from groundwater samples extracted during different stages of treatment and in the bioaugmentation culture. In order to determine active members within the community, 16S rRNA from samples were analyzed by microarray and ∼600 OTUs identified. A cDNA clone library of the expressed 16S rRNA corroborated the observed diversity and activity of some of the phyla. Principle component analysis of the treatment plot samples revealed that the microbial populations were constantly changing during the course of the study. Dynamic analysis of the archaeal population showed significant increases in methanogens at the later stages of treatment that correlated with increases in methane concentrations of over 2 orders of magnitude. Overall, the PhyloChip analyses in this study have provided insights into the microbial ecology and population dynamics at the TCE-contaminated field site useful for understanding the in situ reductive dechlorination processes.

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