ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

Figure 1Loading Img

Microplastic Ingestion by Zooplankton

View Author Information
Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, The Hoe, Plymouth PL1 3DH, United Kingdom
Akvaplan-niva AS, FRAM − High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
§ College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences: Physics, Physics Building, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, United Kingdom
College of Life and Environmental Sciences: Biosciences, Geoffrey Pope Building, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QD, United Kingdom
*Phone: +44 (0)1752 633165; fax: +44 (0)1752 633101; e-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2013, 47, 12, 6646–6655
Publication Date (Web):May 21, 2013
Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options


    Abstract Image

    Small plastic detritus, termed “microplastics”, are a widespread and ubiquitous contaminant of marine ecosystems across the globe. Ingestion of microplastics by marine biota, including mussels, worms, fish, and seabirds, has been widely reported, but despite their vital ecological role in marine food-webs, the impact of microplastics on zooplankton remains under-researched. Here, we show that microplastics are ingested by, and may impact upon, zooplankton. We used bioimaging techniques to document ingestion, egestion, and adherence of microplastics in a range of zooplankton common to the northeast Atlantic, and employed feeding rate studies to determine the impact of plastic detritus on algal ingestion rates in copepods. Using fluorescence and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy we identified that thirteen zooplankton taxa had the capacity to ingest 1.7–30.6 μm polystyrene beads, with uptake varying by taxa, life-stage and bead-size. Post-ingestion, copepods egested faecal pellets laden with microplastics. We further observed microplastics adhered to the external carapace and appendages of exposed zooplankton. Exposure of the copepod Centropages typicus to natural assemblages of algae with and without microplastics showed that 7.3 μm microplastics (>4000 mL–1) significantly decreased algal feeding. Our findings imply that marine microplastic debris can negatively impact upon zooplankton function and health.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 1821 publications.

    1. Lan Zhang, Jing Zhang, Haorui Ma, Zhiliang Wei, Guanxu Liu, Haoyang Zhang, Yongfeng Liu. Removal of Nanoplastics from Copollutant Systems Using Seaweed Cellulose Nanofibers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2024, Article ASAP.
    2. Anqi Sun, Wen-Xiong Wang. Reducing Gut Dissolution of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles by Secondary Microplastics with Consequent Impacts on Barnacle Larvae. Environmental Science & Technology 2024, 58 (3) , 1484-1494.
    3. Zipei Dong, Wen-Xiong Wang. Tracking Nano- and Microplastics Accumulation and Egestion in a Marine Copepod by Novel Fluorescent AIEgens: Kinetic Modeling of the Rhythm Behavior. Environmental Science & Technology 2023, 57 (49) , 20761-20772.
    4. Zhuo Chen, Meng Du, Xu-Dan Yang, Wei Chen, Yu-Sheng Li, Chen Qian, Han-Qing Yu. Deep-Learning-Based Automated Tracking and Counting of Living Plankton in Natural Aquatic Environments. Environmental Science & Technology 2023, 57 (46) , 18048-18057.
    5. In-Cheol Yeo, Kyu-Young Shim, Kyuhyeong Kim, Young-Shin Go, Jieun Kim, Dong-Hun Lee, Jae-Seong Lee, Kyung-Hoon Shin, Chang-Bum Jeong. Insights into Tissue-Specific Bioaccumulation of Nanoplastics in Marine Medaka as Revealed by a Stable Carbon Isotopic Approach. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2023, 10 (10) , 838-843.
    6. Lanpeng Yang, Ben Zhong Tang, Wen-Xiong Wang. Near-Infrared-II In Vivo Visualization and Quantitative Tracking of Micro/Nanoplastics in Fish. ACS Nano 2023, 17 (19) , 19410-19420.
    7. Juan Li, Xin Mao, Ronglian Xing, Zhenhua Wang, Qinghui Sun, Huihui Liu, Yongning Wu, Yanshen Li. Microplastics Pollution and Their Potential Impact in Marine Systems: A Case Study in Shandong Peninsula, China. ACS ES&T Water 2023, 3 (8) , 2373-2383.
    8. Ziyan Wu, Mohan Qin, Haoran Wei. Improved Reliability of Raman Spectroscopic Imaging of Low-Micrometer Microplastic Mixtures in Lake Water by Fractionated Membrane Filtration. ACS ES&T Water 2023, 3 (8) , 2616-2626.
    9. Kuddithamby Gunaalan, Torkel Gissel Nielsen, Rocío Rodríguez Torres, Claudia Lorenz, Alvise Vianello, Ceelin Aila Andersen, Jes Vollertsen, Rodrigo Almeda. Is Zooplankton an Entry Point of Microplastics into the Marine Food Web?. Environmental Science & Technology 2023, 57 (31) , 11643-11655.
    10. Jing Su, Tan Li, Wen Xie, Cong Wang, Linjia Yin, Tianrun Yan, Kaige Wang. Emerging Technologies for Waste Plastic Treatment. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2023, 11 (22) , 8176-8192.
    11. Karen M. Collier, Katherine McCance, Sarah Jackson, Ana Topliceanu, Margaret R. Blanchard, Richard A. Venditti. Observing Microplastics in the Environment through Citizen-Science-Inspired Laboratory Investigations. Journal of Chemical Education 2023, 100 (5) , 2067-2079.
    12. Elizabeth R. Belden, Matthew Rando, Owen G. Ferrara, Eric T. Himebaugh, Christopher A. Skangos, Nikolaos K. Kazantzis, Randy C. Paffenroth, Michael T. Timko. Machine Learning Predictions of Oil Yields Obtained by Plastic Pyrolysis and Application to Thermodynamic Analysis. ACS Engineering Au 2023, 3 (2) , 91-101.
    13. Mengjing Wang, Wen-Xiong Wang. Accumulation Kinetics and Gut Microenvironment Responses to Environmentally Relevant Doses of Micro/Nanoplastics by Zooplankton Daphnia Magna. Environmental Science & Technology 2023, 57 (14) , 5611-5620.
    14. Rocío Rodríguez Torres, Rodrigo Almeda, Jiayi Xu, Nanna Hartmann, Sinja Rist, Philipp Brun, Torkel Gissel Nielsen. The Behavior of Planktonic Copepods Minimizes the Entry of Microplastics in Marine Food Webs. Environmental Science & Technology 2023, 57 (1) , 179-189.
    15. C. Amaneesh, Shankari Anna Balan, P. S. Silpa, Ji Won Kim, Kozhumal Greeshma, A. Aswathi Mohan, Aiswarya Robert Antony, Hans-Peter Grossart, Hee-Sik Kim, Rishiram Ramanan. Gross Negligence: Impacts of Microplastics and Plastic Leachates on Phytoplankton Community and Ecosystem Dynamics. Environmental Science & Technology 2023, 57 (1) , 5-24.
    16. Zhenwei Gao, Ping-I Chou, Jing Liu, Yaguang Zhu, Young-Shin Jun. Oxidative Roles of Polystyrene-Based Nanoplastics in Inducing Manganese Oxide Formation under Light Illumination. ACS Nano 2022, 16 (12) , 20238-20250.
    17. Ahmed Al Harraq, Philip J. Brahana, Olivia Arcemont, Donghui Zhang, Kalliat T. Valsaraj, Bhuvnesh Bharti. Effects of Weathering on Microplastic Dispersibility and Pollutant Uptake Capacity. ACS Environmental Au 2022, 2 (6) , 549-555.
    18. Luisa Galgani, Isabel Goßmann, Barbara Scholz-Böttcher, Xiangtao Jiang, Zhanfei Liu, Lindsay Scheidemann, Cathleen Schlundt, Anja Engel. Hitchhiking into the Deep: How Microplastic Particles are Exported through the Biological Carbon Pump in the North Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Science & Technology 2022, 56 (22) , 15638-15649.
    19. Qi Feng, Zhi Chen, Charles W. Greer, Chunjiang An, Zheng Wang. Transport of Microplastics in Shore Substrates over Tidal Cycles: Roles of Polymer Characteristics and Environmental Factors. Environmental Science & Technology 2022, 56 (12) , 8187-8196.
    20. Jiayi Xu, Rocío Rodríguez-Torres, Sinja Rist, Torkel Gissel Nielsen, Nanna Bloch Hartmann, Philipp Brun, Daoji Li, Rodrigo Almeda. Unpalatable Plastic: Efficient Taste Discrimination of Microplastics in Planktonic Copepods. Environmental Science & Technology 2022, 56 (10) , 6455-6465.
    21. Areeb I. Hossain, Busra Sonmez Baghirzade, Onur Apul, Mary Jo Kirisits, Subhabrata Dev, Shalini Das, Sabiq Islam, Ching-Yao Lai, Henry P. Huntington, Schery Umanzor, Wan-Ting Chen, Srijan Aggarwal, Navid B. Saleh. Symbiotic Engineering: A Novel Approach for Environmental Remediation. ACS ES&T Engineering 2022, 2 (4) , 606-616.
    22. Dae Sik Choi, Sohee Lim, Jin-Sung Park, Chang-Ho Kim, Hanju Rhee, Minhaeng Cho. Label-Free Live-Cell Imaging of Internalized Microplastics and Cytoplasmic Organelles with Multicolor CARS Microscopy. Environmental Science & Technology 2022, 56 (5) , 3045-3055.
    23. Preeti Tyagi, Sachin Agate, Orlin D. Velev, Lucian Lucia, Lokendra Pal. A Critical Review of the Performance and Soil Biodegradability Profiles of Biobased Natural and Chemically Synthesized Polymers in Industrial Applications. Environmental Science & Technology 2022, 56 (4) , 2071-2095.
    24. Ahmed Al Harraq, Bhuvnesh Bharti. Microplastics through the Lens of Colloid Science. ACS Environmental Au 2022, 2 (1) , 3-10.
    25. Xian-Shi Wang, Heng Song, Yu-Lei Liu, Xiang-Rui Pan, Hao-Chen Zhang, Zhi Gao, De-Zhen Kong, Rui Wang, Lu Wang, Jun Ma. Quantitively Analyzing the Variation of Micrometer-Sized Microplastic during Water Treatment with the Flow Cytometry-Fluorescent Beads Method. ACS ES&T Engineering 2021, 1 (12) , 1668-1677.
    26. Clara Leistenschneider, Patricia Burkhardt-Holm, Thomas Mani, Sebastian Primpke, Heidi Taubner, Gunnar Gerdts. Microplastics in the Weddell Sea (Antarctica): A Forensic Approach for Discrimination between Environmental and Vessel-Induced Microplastics. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (23) , 15900-15911.
    27. Natalia P. Ivleva. Chemical Analysis of Microplastics and Nanoplastics: Challenges, Advanced Methods, and Perspectives. Chemical Reviews 2021, 121 (19) , 11886-11936.
    28. Jianlong Wang, Xuan Guo, Jianming Xue. Biofilm-Developed Microplastics As Vectors of Pollutants in Aquatic Environments. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (19) , 12780-12790.
    29. Hayley K. McIlwraith, Joel Kim, Paul Helm, Satyendra P. Bhavsar, Jeremy S. Metzger, Chelsea M. Rochman. Evidence of Microplastic Translocation in Wild-Caught Fish and Implications for Microplastic Accumulation Dynamics in Food Webs. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (18) , 12372-12382.
    30. Wei Wei, Xueming Chen, Bing-Jie Ni. Different Pathways of Microplastics Entering the Sludge Treatment System Distinctively Affect Anaerobic Sludge Fermentation Processes. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (16) , 11274-11283.
    31. Jiaxin Feng, Hansen Zhao, Xiaoyun Gong, Meng-Chan Xia, Lesi Cai, Huan Yao, Xu Zhao, Zihe Yan, Zhanping Li, Honggang Nie, Xiaoxiao Ma, Sichun Zhang. In Situ Identification and Spatial Mapping of Microplastic Standards in Paramecia by Secondary-Ion Mass Spectrometry Imaging. Analytical Chemistry 2021, 93 (13) , 5521-5528.
    32. Tomoko Takahashi, Krzysztof Pawel Herdzik, Konstantinos Nikolaos Bourdakos, James Arthur Read, Sumeet Mahajan. Selective Imaging of Microplastic and Organic Particles in Flow by Multimodal Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering and Two-Photon Excited Autofluorescence Analysis. Analytical Chemistry 2021, 93 (12) , 5234-5240.
    33. Qing-cun Li, Yu-jian Lai, Su-juan Yu, Peng Li, Xiao-xia Zhou, Li-jie Dong, Xing Liu, Zi-wei Yao, Jing-fu Liu. Sequential Isolation of Microplastics and Nanoplastics in Environmental Waters by Membrane Filtration, Followed by Cloud-Point Extraction. Analytical Chemistry 2021, 93 (10) , 4559-4566.
    34. Xiao-Xia Zhou, Shuai He, Yan Gao, Hai-Yuan Chi, Du-Jia Wang, Ze-Chen Li, Bing Yan. Quantitative Analysis of Polystyrene and Poly(methyl methacrylate) Nanoplastics in Tissues of Aquatic Animals. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (5) , 3032-3040.
    35. Christopher Dibke, Marten Fischer, Barbara M. Scholz-Böttcher. Microplastic Mass Concentrations and Distribution in German Bight Waters by Pyrolysis–Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry/Thermochemolysis Reveal Potential Impact of Marine Coatings: Do Ships Leave Skid Marks?. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (4) , 2285-2295.
    36. Amelia B. Labbe, Clive R. Bagshaw, Lisa Uttal. Inexpensive Adaptations of Basic Microscopes for the Identification of Microplastic Contamination Using Polarization and Nile Red Fluorescence Detection. Journal of Chemical Education 2020, 97 (11) , 4026-4032.
    37. Xiangyu Yang, Qiang He, Fucheng Guo, Xiaohui Sun, Junmao Zhang, Mengli Chen, Jan Vymazal, Yi Chen. Nanoplastics Disturb Nitrogen Removal in Constructed Wetlands: Responses of Microbes and Macrophytes. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (21) , 14007-14016.
    38. Mikael L. A. Kaandorp, Henk A. Dijkstra, Erik van Sebille. Closing the Mediterranean Marine Floating Plastic Mass Budget: Inverse Modeling of Sources and Sinks. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (19) , 11980-11989.
    39. Zara L. R. Botterell, Nicola Beaumont, Matthew Cole, Frances E. Hopkins, Michael Steinke, Richard C. Thompson, Penelope K. Lindeque. Bioavailability of Microplastics to Marine Zooplankton: Effect of Shape and Infochemicals. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (19) , 12024-12033.
    40. Vera N. de Ruijter, Paula E. Redondo-Hasselerharm, Todd Gouin, Albert A. Koelmans. Quality Criteria for Microplastic Effect Studies in the Context of Risk Assessment: A Critical Review. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (19) , 11692-11705.
    41. Joseph M. Levermore, Thomas E. L. Smith, Frank J. Kelly, Stephanie L. Wright. Detection of Microplastics in Ambient Particulate Matter Using Raman Spectral Imaging and Chemometric Analysis. Analytical Chemistry 2020, 92 (13) , 8732-8740.
    42. Julie A. Hope, Giovanni Coco, Simon F. Thrush. Effects of Polyester Microfibers on Microphytobenthos and Sediment-Dwelling Infauna. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (13) , 7970-7982.
    43. Mine B. Tekman, Claudia Wekerle, Claudia Lorenz, Sebastian Primpke, Christiane Hasemann, Gunnar Gerdts, Melanie Bergmann. Tying up Loose Ends of Microplastic Pollution in the Arctic: Distribution from the Sea Surface through the Water Column to Deep-Sea Sediments at the HAUSGARTEN Observatory. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (7) , 4079-4090.
    44. Baoming Xue, Linlin Zhang, Ruilong Li, Yinghui Wang, Jing Guo, Kefu Yu, Shaopeng Wang. Underestimated Microplastic Pollution Derived from Fishery Activities and “Hidden” in Deep Sediment. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (4) , 2210-2217.
    45. J. Evan Ward, Shiye Zhao, Bridget A. Holohan, Kayla M. Mladinich, Tyler W. Griffin, Jennifer Wozniak, Sandra E. Shumway. Selective Ingestion and Egestion of Plastic Particles by the Blue Mussel (Mytilus edulis) and Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica): Implications for Using Bivalves as Bioindicators of Microplastic Pollution. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (15) , 8776-8784.
    46. Yunfei Sun, Wenjie Xu, Qiujin Gu, Yitong Chen, Qiming Zhou, Lu Zhang, Lei Gu, Yuan Huang, Kai Lyu, Zhou Yang. Small-Sized Microplastics Negatively Affect Rotifers: Changes in the Key Life-History Traits and Rotifer–Phaeocystis Population Dynamics. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (15) , 9241-9251.
    47. Raymond Gillibert, Gireeshkumar Balakrishnan, Quentin Deshoules, Morgan Tardivel, Alessandro Magazzù, Maria Grazia Donato, Onofrio M. Maragò, Marc Lamy de La Chapelle, Florent Colas, Fabienne Lagarde, Pietro G. Gucciardi. Raman Tweezers for Small Microplastics and Nanoplastics Identification in Seawater. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (15) , 9003-9013.
    48. Chen Zhang, Chang-Bum Jeong, Jae-Seong Lee, Dazhi Wang, Minghua Wang. Transgenerational Proteome Plasticity in Resilience of a Marine Copepod in Response to Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Microplastics. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (14) , 8426-8436.
    49. Matthew Cole, Rachel Coppock, Penelope K. Lindeque, Dag Altin, Sarah Reed, David W. Pond, Lisbet Sørensen, Tamara S. Galloway, Andy M. Booth. Effects of Nylon Microplastic on Feeding, Lipid Accumulation, and Moulting in a Coldwater Copepod. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (12) , 7075-7082.
    50. Yituo Zhang, Xue Wang, Jiajia Shan, Junbo Zhao, Wei Zhang, Lifen Liu, Fengchang Wu. Hyperspectral Imaging Based Method for Rapid Detection of Microplastics in the Intestinal Tracts of Fish. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (9) , 5151-5158.
    51. Roman Lehner, Christoph Weder, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser. Emergence of Nanoplastic in the Environment and Possible Impact on Human Health. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (4) , 1748-1765.
    52. Kryss Waldschläger, Holger Schüttrumpf. Effects of Particle Properties on the Settling and Rise Velocities of Microplastics in Freshwater under Laboratory Conditions. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (4) , 1958-1966.
    53. Tai-Ran Zhang, Chuan-Xi Wang, Feng-Qin Dong, Zhi-Yue Gao, Chao-Jie Zhang, Xian-Juan Zhang, Li-Min Fu, Yuan Wang, Jian-Ping Zhang. Uptake and Translocation of Styrene Maleic Anhydride Nanoparticles in Murraya exotica Plants As Revealed by Noninvasive, Real-Time Optical Bioimaging. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (3) , 1471-1481.
    54. Maya Al-Sid-Cheikh, Steve J. Rowland, Karen Stevenson, Claude Rouleau, Theodore B. Henry, Richard C. Thompson. Uptake, Whole-Body Distribution, and Depuration of Nanoplastics by the Scallop Pecten maximus at Environmentally Realistic Concentrations. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (24) , 14480-14486.
    55. Paula E. Redondo-Hasselerharm, Vera N. de Ruijter, Svenja M. Mintenig, Anja Verschoor, Albert A. Koelmans. Ingestion and Chronic Effects of Car Tire Tread Particles on Freshwater Benthic Macroinvertebrates. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (23) , 13986-13994.
    56. Chang-Bum Jeong, Hye-Min Kang, Young Hwan Lee, Min-Sub Kim, Jin-Sol Lee, Jung Soo Seo, Minghua Wang, Jae-Seong Lee. Nanoplastic Ingestion Enhances Toxicity of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the Monogonont Rotifer Brachionus koreanus via Multixenobiotic Resistance (MXR) Disruption. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (19) , 11411-11418.
    57. Noël J. Diepens, Albert A. Koelmans. Accumulation of Plastic Debris and Associated Contaminants in Aquatic Food Webs. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (15) , 8510-8520.
    58. Samarth Bhargava, Serina Siew Chen Lee, Lynette Shu Min Ying, Mei Lin Neo, Serena Lay-Ming Teo, Suresh Valiyaveettil. Fate of Nanoplastics in Marine Larvae: A Case Study Using Barnacles, Amphibalanus amphitrite. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2018, 6 (5) , 6932-6940.
    59. Tony Gardon, Céline Reisser, Claude Soyez, Virgile Quillien, Gilles Le Moullac. Microplastics Affect Energy Balance and Gametogenesis in the Pearl Oyster Pinctada margaritifera. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (9) , 5277-5286.
    60. Evan G. Karakolis, Brian Nguyen, Jae Bem You, Percival J. Graham, Chelsea M. Rochman, and David Sinton . Digestible Fluorescent Coatings for Cumulative Quantification of Microplastic Ingestion. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2018, 5 (2) , 62-67.
    61. Yu Su, Xin Tong, Chi Huang, Jiani Chen, Sijin Liu, Shixiang Gao, Liang Mao, and Baoshan Xing . Green Algae as Carriers Enhance the Bioavailability of 14C-Labeled Few-Layer Graphene to Freshwater Snails. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (3) , 1591-1601.
    62. Alexandra Ter Halle, Laurent Jeanneau, Marion Martignac, Emilie Jardé, Boris Pedrono, Laurent Brach, and Julien Gigault . Nanoplastic in the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (23) , 13689-13697.
    63. Shima Ziajahromi, Anupama Kumar, Peta A. Neale, and Frederic D. L. Leusch . Impact of Microplastic Beads and Fibers on Waterflea (Ceriodaphnia dubia) Survival, Growth, and Reproduction: Implications of Single and Mixture Exposures. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (22) , 13397-13406.
    64. Christian Schmidt, Tobias Krauth, and Stephan Wagner . Export of Plastic Debris by Rivers into the Sea. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (21) , 12246-12253.
    65. Christoph D. Rummel, Annika Jahnke, Elena Gorokhova, Dana Kühnel, and Mechthild Schmitt-Jansen . Impacts of Biofilm Formation on the Fate and Potential Effects of Microplastic in the Aquatic Environment. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2017, 4 (7) , 258-267.
    66. Marten Fischer and Barbara M. Scholz-Böttcher . Simultaneous Trace Identification and Quantification of Common Types of Microplastics in Environmental Samples by Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (9) , 5052-5060.
    67. Young Kyoung Song, Sang Hee Hong, Mi Jang, Gi Myung Han, Seung Won Jung, and Won Joon Shim . Combined Effects of UV Exposure Duration and Mechanical Abrasion on Microplastic Fragmentation by Polymer Type. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (8) , 4368-4376.
    68. Mark E. Hodson, Calum A. Duffus-Hodson, Andy Clark, Miranda T. Prendergast-Miller, and Karen L. Thorpe . Plastic Bag Derived-Microplastics as a Vector for Metal Exposure in Terrestrial Invertebrates. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (8) , 4714-4721.
    69. Annika Jahnke, Hans Peter H. Arp, Beate I. Escher, Berit Gewert, Elena Gorokhova, Dana Kühnel, Martin Ogonowski, Annegret Potthoff, Christoph Rummel, Mechthild Schmitt-Jansen, Erik Toorman, and Matthew MacLeod . Reducing Uncertainty and Confronting Ignorance about the Possible Impacts of Weathering Plastic in the Marine Environment. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2017, 4 (3) , 85-90.
    70. A. M. Mahon, B. O’Connell, M. G. Healy, I. O’Connor, R. Officer, R. Nash, and L. Morrison . Microplastics in Sewage Sludge: Effects of Treatment. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (2) , 810-818.
    71. Bingbing Sun, Yuanan Hu, Hefa Cheng, and Shu Tao . Kinetics of Brominated Flame Retardant (BFR) Releases from Granules of Waste Plastics. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (24) , 13419-13427.
    72. Chang-Bum Jeong, Eun-Ji Won, Hye-Min Kang, Min-Chul Lee, Dae-Sik Hwang, Un-Ki Hwang, Bingsheng Zhou, Sami Souissi, Su-Jae Lee, and Jae-Seong Lee . Microplastic Size-Dependent Toxicity, Oxidative Stress Induction, and p-JNK and p-p38 Activation in the Monogonont Rotifer (Brachionus koreanus). Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (16) , 8849-8857.
    73. Fionn Murphy, Ciaran Ewins, Frederic Carbonnier, and Brian Quinn . Wastewater Treatment Works (WwTW) as a Source of Microplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (11) , 5800-5808.
    74. Alexandra ter Halle, Lucie Ladirat, Xavier Gendre, Dominique Goudouneche, Claire Pusineri, Corinne Routaboul, Christophe Tenailleau, Benjamin Duployer, and Emile Perez . Understanding the Fragmentation Pattern of Marine Plastic Debris. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (11) , 5668-5675.
    75. Andrew J. R. Watts, Mauricio A. Urbina, Rhys Goodhead, Julian Moger, Ceri Lewis, and Tamara S. Galloway . Effect of Microplastic on the Gills of the Shore Crab Carcinus maenas. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (10) , 5364-5369.
    76. Peter Wardrop, Jeff Shimeta, Dayanthi Nugegoda, Paul D. Morrison, Ana Miranda, Min Tang, and Bradley O. Clarke . Chemical Pollutants Sorbed to Ingested Microbeads from Personal Care Products Accumulate in Fish. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (7) , 4037-4044.
    77. Yifeng Lu, Yan Zhang, Yongfeng Deng, Wei Jiang, Yanping Zhao, Jinju Geng, Lili Ding, and Hongqiang Ren . Uptake and Accumulation of Polystyrene Microplastics in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) and Toxic Effects in Liver. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (7) , 4054-4060.
    78. Matthew Cole, Penelope K. Lindeque, Elaine Fileman, James Clark, Ceri Lewis, Claudia Halsband, and Tamara S. Galloway . Microplastics Alter the Properties and Sinking Rates of Zooplankton Faecal Pellets. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (6) , 3239-3246.
    79. Heng-Xiang Li, Gordon J. Getzinger, P. Lee Ferguson, Beatriz Orihuela, Mei Zhu, and Daniel Rittschof . Effects of Toxic Leachate from Commercial Plastics on Larval Survival and Settlement of the Barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (2) , 924-931.
    80. Andrew J. R. Watts, Mauricio A. Urbina, Shauna Corr, Ceri Lewis, and Tamara S. Galloway . Ingestion of Plastic Microfibers by the Crab Carcinus maenas and Its Effect on Food Consumption and Energy Balance. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49 (24) , 14597-14604.
    81. Matthew Cole and Tamara S. Galloway . Ingestion of Nanoplastics and Microplastics by Pacific Oyster Larvae. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49 (24) , 14625-14632.
    82. François Remy, France Collard, Bernard Gilbert, Philippe Compère, Gauthier Eppe, and Gilles Lepoint . When Microplastic Is Not Plastic: The Ingestion of Artificial Cellulose Fibers by Macrofauna Living in Seagrass Macrophytodetritus. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49 (18) , 11158-11166.
    83. Caroline A. De Tender, Lisa I. Devriese, Annelies Haegeman, Sara Maes, Tom Ruttink, and Peter Dawyndt . Bacterial Community Profiling of Plastic Litter in the Belgian Part of the North Sea. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49 (16) , 9629-9638.
    84. Alexander S. Tagg, Melanie Sapp, Jesse P. Harrison, and Jesús J. Ojeda . Identification and Quantification of Microplastics in Wastewater Using Focal Plane Array-Based Reflectance Micro-FT-IR Imaging. Analytical Chemistry 2015, 87 (12) , 6032-6040.
    85. Matthew Cole, Pennie Lindeque, Elaine Fileman, Claudia Halsband, and Tamara S. Galloway . The Impact of Polystyrene Microplastics on Feeding, Function and Fecundity in the Marine Copepod Calanus helgolandicus. Environmental Science & Technology 2015, 49 (2) , 1130-1137.
    86. Lance T. Yonkos, Elizabeth A. Friedel, Ana C. Perez-Reyes, Sutapa Ghosal, and Courtney D. Arthur . Microplastics in Four Estuarine Rivers in the Chesapeake Bay, U.S.A.. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (24) , 14195-14202.
    87. Julia Hämer, Lars Gutow, Angela Köhler, and Reinhard Saborowski . Fate of Microplastics in the Marine Isopod Idotea emarginata. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (22) , 13451-13458.
    88. C. Della Torre, E. Bergami, A. Salvati, C. Faleri, P. Cirino, K. A. Dawson, and I. Corsi . Accumulation and Embryotoxicity of Polystyrene Nanoparticles at Early Stage of Development of Sea Urchin Embryos Paracentrotus lividus. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (20) , 12302-12311.
    89. Ellen Besseling, Bo Wang, Miquel Lürling, Albert A. Koelmans. Nanoplastic Affects Growth of S. obliquus and Reproduction of D. magna. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (20) , 12336-12343.
    90. Andrew J. R. Watts, Ceri Lewis, Rhys M. Goodhead, Stephen J. Beckett, Julian Moger, Charles R. Tyler, and Tamara S. Galloway . Uptake and Retention of Microplastics by the Shore Crab Carcinus maenas. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (15) , 8823-8830.
    91. Evan M. Chua, Jeff Shimeta, Dayanthi Nugegoda, Paul D. Morrison, and Bradley O. Clarke . Assimilation of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers from Microplastics by the Marine Amphipod, Allorchestes Compressa. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (14) , 8127-8134.
    92. Katrina L. Kaposi, Benjamin Mos, Brendan P. Kelaher, and Symon A. Dworjanyn . Ingestion of Microplastic Has Limited Impact on a Marine Larva. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (3) , 1638-1645.
    93. Kyun-Woo Lee, Won Joon Shim, Oh Youn Kwon, and Jung-Hoon Kang . Size-Dependent Effects of Micro Polystyrene Particles in the Marine Copepod Tigriopus japonicus. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47 (19) , 11278-11283.
    94. Thunchanok Thammasanya, Sakarat Patiam, Eknarin Rodcharoen, Ponlachart Chotikarn. A new approach to classifying polymer type of microplastics based on Faster-RCNN-FPN and spectroscopic imagery under ultraviolet light. Scientific Reports 2024, 14 (1)
    95. Nidhin Krishna Kadalassery Radhakrishnan, Jeyabalan Sangeetha, Jadav Mulji Alabhai, Poornendu Jayasree. Accumulation of microplastics in bivalves within the Chandragiri River in South-Western India. Anthropocene Coasts 2024, 7 (1)
    96. Jack H. Prior, Justine M. Whitaker, Alexis M. Janosik. Short-Term Microplastics Exposure to the Common Mysid Shrimp, Americamysis bahia: Effects on Mortality and DNA Methylation. Microplastics 2024, 3 (2) , 234-249.
    97. Jeremiah Bryksa, Patric McGlashan, Nadia Stelck, Jon Wong, Andrew Anderson-Serson, Matthew Hart, Trace Malcom, Bob Battle, Paolo Mussone. High throughput application of ASTM D8332: Detailed prototype design and operating conditions for microplastic sampling of riverine systems. MethodsX 2024, 12 , 102680.
    98. Na-ying Li, Bo Zhong, Yun Guo, Xian-xiang Li, Zao Yang, Yi-xin He. Non-negligible impact of microplastics on wetland ecosystems. Science of The Total Environment 2024, 924 , 171252.
    99. Clément Grand, Camille Scotté, Énora Prado, Maria El Rakwe, Olivier Fauvarque, Hervé Rigneault. Fast compressive Raman micro-spectroscopy to image and classify microplastics from natural marine environment. Environmental Technology & Innovation 2024, 34 , 103622.
    100. Linea Gry Ebbesen, Markus Varlund Strange, Kuddithamby Gunaalan, Maria Lund Paulsen, Alicia Herrera, Torkel Gissel Nielsen, Yvonne Shashoua, Martin Lindegren, Rodrigo Almeda. Do weathered microplastics impact the planktonic community? A mesocosm approach in the Baltic Sea. Water Research 2024, 255 , 121500.
    Load more citations

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect