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Vaterite Synthesis via Gas–Liquid Route under Controlled pH Conditions

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Research Center for Environmental Protection and Waste Management, University of Bucharest, 90 Panduri Street, Bucharest, Romania, 050663
Department of Chemical Engineering, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, 1-5 Gh. Polizu Street, Bucharest, Romania, 011061
§ National Institute of Materials Physics, 105 Atomistilor Street, Magurele, Romania
Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, 4-12 Regina Elisabeta Avenue, Bucharest, Romania, 070346
Cite this: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2012, 51, 24, 8185–8193
Publication Date (Web):May 30, 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Chemical Society

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    The purpose of this work was to obtain precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) particles in polymorphic form of vaterite via gas–liquid route in controlled pH conditions. The effect of CO2 concentration (12.5–100%), feed gas (CO2–air) flow rate, pH, and conductivity of solution upon the PCC particles properties was studied. On the basis of the experimental data, the main factors leading to vaterite formation as major product were established. It was found that the buffer solution has a decisive role in determining polymorphic phase of PCC while CO2 concentration and feed gas flow rate have no significant influence. It was demonstrated that spherical vaterite particles of high purity can be produced under controlled reaction conditions. Also, some considerations on the mechanism of carbonation process were formulated.

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