ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity

Figure 1Loading Img

Efficient Yellow Electroluminescence from a Single Layer of a Cyclometalated Iridium Complex

View Author Information
Contribution from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, and Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 9, 2763–2767
Publication Date (Web):February 17, 2004
Copyright © 2004 American Chemical Society

    Article Views





    Other access options


    Abstract Image

    We report on the spectroscopic, electrochemical, and electroluminescent properties of [Ir(ppy)2(dtb-bpy)]+(PF6)- (ppy:  2-phenylpyridine, dtb-bpy:  4,4‘-di-tert-butyl-2,2‘-dipyridyl). Single-layer devices were fabricated and found to emit yellow light with a brightness that exceeds 300 cd/m2 and a luminous power efficiency that exceeds 10 Lm/W at just 3 V. The PF6- space charge was found to dominate the device characteristics.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.


    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

     Cornell University.

     Princeton University.


    In papers with more than one author, the asterisk indicates the name of the author to whom inquiries about the paper should be addressed.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 630 publications.

    1. Bo Li, Hong-Hao Zhang, Yongrui Luo, Shouyun Yu, William A. Goddard III, Yanfeng Dang. Interception of Transient Allyl Radicals with Low-Valent Allylpalladium Chemistry: Tandem Pd(0/II/I)–Pd(0/II/I/II) Cycles in Photoredox/Pd Dual-Catalytic Enantioselective C(sp3)–C(sp3) Homocoupling. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2024, 146 (9) , 6377-6387.
    2. Qiao-Lin Wang, Huawen Huang, Mengqi Zhu, Tianci Xu, Guojiang Mao, Guo-Jun Deng. Visible-Light-Induced Stoichiometric Coupling of Alkylarenes and Trifluoromethyl Ketones. Organic Letters 2023, 25 (20) , 3800-3805.
    3. Babak Pashaei, Hashem Shahroosvand, Hamed Douroudgari, Saeid Abaspour, Morteza Vahedpour, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin. Full Solution Process of a Near-Infrared Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cell Based on Novel Emissive Ruthenium Complexes of 1,10-Phenanthroline-Derived Ligands and a Eutectic Alloy as the Top Electrode. Inorganic Chemistry 2023, 62 (20) , 7622-7635.
    4. Felicity Draper, Egan H. Doeven, Jacqui L. Adcock, Paul S. Francis, Timothy U. Connell. Extending Photocatalyst Activity through Choice of Electron Donor. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2023, 88 (10) , 6445-6453.
    5. William L. Lyon, David W. C. MacMillan. Expedient Access to Underexplored Chemical Space: Deoxygenative C(sp3)–C(sp3) Cross-Coupling. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2023, 145 (14) , 7736-7742.
    6. Jeannine Yang, Valerio Giuso, Min-Chih Hou, Edwyn Remadna, Jérémy Forté, Hai-Ching Su, Christophe Gourlaouen, Matteo Mauro, Benoît Bertrand. Biphenyl Au(III) Complexes with Phosphine Ancillary Ligands: Synthesis, Optical Properties, and Electroluminescence in Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Inorganic Chemistry 2023, 62 (12) , 4903-4921.
    7. Soheila Karimi, Hashem Shahroosvand, Narges Yaghoobi Nia, Aldo Di Carlo, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin. Versatile Electroluminescence Color-Tuning Strategy of an Efficient Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cell (LEC) by an Ionic Additive. Inorganic Chemistry 2022, 61 (51) , 20734-20742.
    8. Peter Bellotti, Torben Rogge, Fritz Paulus, Ranjini Laskar, Nils Rendel, Jiajia Ma, K. N. Houk, Frank Glorius. Visible-Light Photocatalyzed peri-(3 + 2) Cycloadditions of Quinolines. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022, 144 (34) , 15662-15671.
    9. Eunbin Jang, Hoe In Kim, Hye Su Jang, Jaehoon Sim. Photoredox-Catalyzed Oxidative Radical–Polar Crossover Enables the Alkylfluorination of Olefins. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2022, 87 (5) , 2640-2650.
    10. Yota Sakakibara, Kei Murakami. Switchable Divergent Synthesis Using Photocatalysis. ACS Catalysis 2022, 12 (3) , 1857-1878.
    11. Kitae Kwon, R. Thomas Simons, Meganathan Nandakumar, Jennifer L. Roizen. Strategies to Generate Nitrogen-centered Radicals That May Rely on Photoredox Catalysis: Development in Reaction Methodology and Applications in Organic Synthesis. Chemical Reviews 2022, 122 (2) , 2353-2428.
    12. Eric M. Lopato, Stefan Bernhard. Exploring Multidimensional Chemical Spaces: Instrumentation and Chemical Systems for the Parallelization of Hydrogen Evolving Photocatalytic Reactions. Energy & Fuels 2021, 35 (23) , 18957-18981.
    13. Babak Pashaei, Hashem Shahroosvand, Mohsen Moharramnezhad, Mohammad Ali Kamyabi, Hamed Bakhshi, Melanie Pilkington, Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin. Two in One: A Dinuclear Ru(II) Complex for Deep-Red Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells and as an Electrochemiluminescence Probe for Organophosphorus Pesticides. Inorganic Chemistry 2021, 60 (22) , 17040-17050.
    14. Vivian Wang, Ali Javey. A Resonantly Driven, Electroluminescent Metal Oxide Semiconductor Capacitor with High Power Efficiency. ACS Nano 2021, 15 (9) , 15210-15217.
    15. Yang Zhang, Dan Ye, Lei Shen, Kangjiang Liang, Chengfeng Xia. Tandem Photoredox-Chiral Phosphoric Acid Catalyzed Radical–Radical Cross-Coupling for Enantioselective Synthesis of 3-Hydroxyoxindoles. Organic Letters 2021, 23 (18) , 7112-7117.
    16. Hong-Hao Zhang, Menghan Tang, Jia-Jia Zhao, Changhua Song, Shouyun Yu. Enantioselective Reductive Homocoupling of Allylic Acetates Enabled by Dual Photoredox/Palladium Catalysis: Access to C2-Symmetrical 1,5-Dienes. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021, 143 (32) , 12836-12846.
    17. Sean M. Rafferty, Joy E. Rutherford, Lumin Zhang, Lu Wang, David A. Nagib. Cross-Selective Aza-Pinacol Coupling via Atom Transfer Catalysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021, 143 (15) , 5622-5628.
    18. Aditya Mishra, Stephen DiLuzio, Masoud Alahbakhshi, Austen C. Adams, Melanie H. Bowler, Jiyoung Moon, Qing Gu, Anvar A. Zakhidov, Stefan Bernhard, Jason D. Slinker. Bright Single-Layer Perovskite Host–Ionic Guest Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Chemistry of Materials 2021, 33 (4) , 1201-1212.
    19. Stephen DiLuzio, Velabo Mdluli, Timothy U. Connell, Jacqueline Lewis, Victoria VanBenschoten, Stefan Bernhard. High-Throughput Screening and Automated Data-Driven Analysis of the Triplet Photophysical Properties of Structurally Diverse, Heteroleptic Iridium(III) Complexes. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2021, 143 (2) , 1179-1194.
    20. Soheila Karimi, Hashem Shahroosvand, Sebastiano Bellani, Francesco Bonaccorso. Molecular Engineering of Ionic Transition Metal Complexes and Counterions for Efficient Flexible Green Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2021, 125 (1) , 819-829.
    21. Jian He, Zhi-Qin Bai, Pan-Feng Yuan, Li-Zhu Wu, Qiang Liu. Highly Efficient Iridium-Based Photosensitizers for Thia-Paternò–Büchi Reaction and Aza-Photocyclization. ACS Catalysis 2021, 11 (1) , 446-455.
    22. Jacob M. Ganley, Philip R. D. Murray, Robert R. Knowles. Photocatalytic Generation of Aminium Radical Cations for C–N Bond Formation. ACS Catalysis 2020, 10 (20) , 11712-11738.
    23. Xianwen Meng, Mengzhen Chen, Rubing Bai, Lei He. Cationic Iridium Complexes with 3,4,5-Triphenyl-4H-1,2,4-Triazole Type Cyclometalating Ligands: Synthesis, Characterizations, and Their Use in Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Inorganic Chemistry 2020, 59 (14) , 9605-9617.
    24. Elizabeth C. Swift, Shashank Shekhar, Brian J. Kotecki. Synthesis of Enantioenriched β-Aryl-β-aryloxy Esters via Sequential Photoisomerization and Enantioselective Hydrogenation. Organic Letters 2020, 22 (14) , 5363-5368.
    25. Holt A. Sakai, Wei Liu, Chi “Chip” Le, David W. C. MacMillan. Cross-Electrophile Coupling of Unactivated Alkyl Chlorides. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2020, 142 (27) , 11691-11697.
    26. R. Thomas Simons, Georgia E. Scott, Anastasia Gant Kanegusuku, Jennifer L. Roizen. Photochemically Mediated Nickel-Catalyzed Synthesis of N-(Hetero)aryl Sulfamides. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2020, 85 (10) , 6380-6391.
    27. Morgan M. Walker, Brian Koronkiewicz, Shuming Chen, K. N. Houk, James M. Mayer, Jonathan A. Ellman. Highly Diastereoselective Functionalization of Piperidines by Photoredox-Catalyzed α-Amino C–H Arylation and Epimerization. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2020, 142 (18) , 8194-8202.
    28. M. Victoria Bobo, Avishek Paul, Alex J. Robb, Ashley M. Arcidiacono, Mark D. Smith, Kenneth Hanson, Aaron K. Vannucci. Bis-Cyclometalated Iridium Complexes Containing 4,4′-Bis(phosphonomethyl)-2,2′-bipyridine Ligands: Photophysics, Electrochemistry, and High-Voltage Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Inorganic Chemistry 2020, 59 (9) , 6351-6358.
    29. Rong-Huei Yi, Chieh-Liang Lo, Dian Luo, Chien-Hsiang Lin, Shu-Wen Weng, Chin-Wei Lu, Shun-Wei Liu, Chih-Hao Chang, Hai-Ching Su. Combinational Approach To Realize Highly Efficient Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (12) , 14254-14264.
    30. Tao Li, Kangjiang Liang, Yang Zhang, Dongyan Hu, Zhixian Ma, Chengfeng Xia. Three-Component Minisci Reaction with 1,3-Dicarbonyl Compounds Induced by Visible Light. Organic Letters 2020, 22 (6) , 2386-2390.
    31. Peng-Ju Xia, Zhi-Peng Ye, Yuan-Zhuo Hu, Jun-An Xiao, Kai Chen, Hao-Yue Xiang, Xiao-Qing Chen, Hua Yang. Photocatalytic C–F Bond Borylation of Polyfluoroarenes with NHC-boranes. Organic Letters 2020, 22 (5) , 1742-1747.
    32. Abhishek Dewanji, Raoul F. Bülow, Magnus Rueping. Photoredox/Nickel Dual-Catalyzed Reductive Cross Coupling of Aryl Halides Using an Organic Reducing Agent. Organic Letters 2020, 22 (4) , 1611-1617.
    33. Qunying Zeng, Fushan Li, Zhixin Chen, Kaiyu Yang, Yang Liu, Tailiang Guo, Guo-Gang Shan, Zhongmin Su. Rational Design of Efficient Organometallic Ir(III) Complexes for High-Performance, Flexible, Monochromatic, and White Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (4) , 4649-4658.
    34. Timothy U. Connell, Catherine L. Fraser, Milena L. Czyz, Zoe M. Smith, David J. Hayne, Egan H. Doeven, Johnny Agugiaro, David J. D. Wilson, Jacqui L. Adcock, Andrew D. Scully, Daniel E. Gómez, Neil W. Barnett, Anastasios Polyzos, Paul S. Francis. The Tandem Photoredox Catalysis Mechanism of [Ir(ppy)2(dtb-bpy)]+ Enabling Access to Energy Demanding Organic Substrates. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2019, 141 (44) , 17646-17658.
    35. Xiaoxiang Wang, Shirun Wang, Fangfang Pan, Lei He, Lian Duan. Cationic Iridium Complexes with 5-Phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole Type Cyclometalating Ligands: Toward Blue-Shifted Emission. Inorganic Chemistry 2019, 58 (18) , 12132-12145.
    36. Palasetty Chandu, Krishna Gopal Ghosh, Devarajulu Sureshkumar. Metal-Free Visible-Light-Promoted Trifluoromethylation of Vinylcyclopropanes Using Pyrylium Salt as a Photoredox Catalyst. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2019, 84 (13) , 8771-8781.
    37. J. Quentin Buquoi, Jeremy M. Lear, Xin Gu, David A. Nagib. Heteroarene Phosphinylalkylation via a Catalytic, Polarity-Reversing Radical Cascade. ACS Catalysis 2019, 9 (6) , 5330-5335.
    38. Felix J. R. Klauck, Hyung Yoon, Michael J. James, Mark Lautens, Frank Glorius. Visible-Light-Mediated Deaminative Three-Component Dicarbofunctionalization of Styrenes with Benzylic Radicals. ACS Catalysis 2019, 9 (1) , 236-241.
    39. Kyu Dong Kim, Jun Hee Lee. Visible-Light Photocatalyzed Deoxygenation of N-Heterocyclic N-Oxides. Organic Letters 2018, 20 (23) , 7712-7716.
    40. Weiliang Guo, Hao Ding, Chaoyue Gu, Yanhuan Liu, Xuecheng Jiang, Bin Su, Yuanhua Shao. Potential-Resolved Multicolor Electrochemiluminescence for Multiplex Immunoassay in a Single Sample. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2018, 140 (46) , 15904-15915.
    41. Hanah Na, Po−Ni Lai, Louise M. Cañada, Thomas S. Teets. Photoluminescence of Cyclometalated Iridium Complexes in Poly(methyl methacrylate) Films. Organometallics 2018, 37 (19) , 3269-3277.
    42. Naoki Noto, Yuya Tanaka, Takashi Koike, Munetaka Akita. Strongly Reducing (Diarylamino)anthracene Catalyst for Metal-Free Visible-Light Photocatalytic Fluoroalkylation. ACS Catalysis 2018, 8 (10) , 9408-9419.
    43. Lei He, Xiaoxiang Wang, Lian Duan. Enhancing the Overall Performances of Blue Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells by Using an Electron-Injecting/Transporting Ionic Additive. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2018, 10 (14) , 11801-11809.
    44. Isaac N. Mills, Jonathan A. Porras, and Stefan Bernhard . Judicious Design of Cationic, Cyclometalated Ir(III) Complexes for Photochemical Energy Conversion and Optoelectronics. Accounts of Chemical Research 2018, 51 (2) , 352-364.
    45. Dinghai Wang, Na Zhu, Pinhong Chen, Zhenyang Lin, and Guosheng Liu . Enantioselective Decarboxylative Cyanation Employing Cooperative Photoredox Catalysis and Copper Catalysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (44) , 15632-15635.
    46. Husain N. Kagalwala, Danielle N. Chirdon, Isaac N. Mills, Nikita Budwal, and Stefan Bernhard . Light-Driven Hydrogen Generation from Microemulsions Using Metallosurfactant Catalysts and Oxalic Acid. Inorganic Chemistry 2017, 56 (17) , 10162-10171.
    47. Moritz K. Jackl, Luca Legnani, Bill Morandi, and Jeffrey W. Bode . Continuous Flow Synthesis of Morpholines and Oxazepanes with Silicon Amine Protocol (SLAP) Reagents and Lewis Acid Facilitated Photoredox Catalysis. Organic Letters 2017, 19 (17) , 4696-4699.
    48. Bingqing Liu, Levi Lystrom, Svetlana Kilina, and Wenfang Sun . Tuning the Ground State and Excited State Properties of Monocationic Iridium(III) Complexes by Varying the Site of Benzannulation on Diimine Ligand. Inorganic Chemistry 2017, 56 (9) , 5361-5370.
    49. Cathrin D. Ertl, Cristina Momblona, Antonio Pertegás, José M. Junquera-Hernández, Maria-Grazia La-Placa, Alessandro Prescimone, Enrique Ortí, Catherine E. Housecroft, Edwin C. Constable, and Henk J. Bolink . Highly Stable Red-Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (8) , 3237-3248.
    50. Sheng-Ying Hsieh and Jeffrey W. Bode . Lewis Acid Induced Toggle from Ir(II) to Ir(IV) Pathways in Photocatalytic Reactions: Synthesis of Thiomorpholines and Thiazepanes from Aldehydes and SLAP Reagents. ACS Central Science 2017, 3 (1) , 66-72.
    51. Diego Rota Martir, Cristina Momblona, Antonio Pertegás, David B. Cordes, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Henk J. Bolink, and Eli Zysman-Colman . Chiral Iridium(III) Complexes in Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells: Exploring the Impact of Stereochemistry on the Photophysical Properties and Device Performances. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (49) , 33907-33915.
    52. Hashem Shahroosvand, Leyla Najafi, Ahmad Sousaraei, Ezeddin Mohajerani, Mohammad Janghouri, and Francesco Bonaccorso . Ruthenium Tetrazole Based Electroluminescent Device: Key Role of Counter Ions for Light Emission Properties. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2016, 120 (43) , 24965-24972.
    53. Lyndon D. Bastatas, Kuo-Yao Lin, Matthew D. Moore, Kristin J. Suhr, Melanie H. Bowler, Yulong Shen, Bradley J. Holliday, and Jason D. Slinker . Discerning the Impact of a Lithium Salt Additive in Thin-Film Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells with Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy. Langmuir 2016, 32 (37) , 9468-9474.
    54. Timothy M. Monos, Alexandra C. Sun, Rory C. McAtee, James J. Devery, III, and Corey R. J. Stephenson . Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Heteroleptic Ir(III)+ Polypyridyl Complexes. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2016, 81 (16) , 6988-6994.
    55. Kip Teegardin, Jon I. Day, John Chan, and Jimmie Weaver . Advances in Photocatalysis: A Microreview of Visible Light Mediated Ruthenium and Iridium Catalyzed Organic Transformations. Organic Process Research & Development 2016, 20 (7) , 1156-1163.
    56. Kuo-Yao Lin, Lyndon D. Bastatas, Kristin J. Suhr, Matthew D. Moore, Bradley J. Holliday, Majid Minary-Jolandan, and Jason D. Slinker . Influence of Lithium Additives in Small Molecule Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8 (26) , 16776-16782.
    57. Mark D. Levin, Suhong Kim, and F. Dean Toste . Photoredox Catalysis Unlocks Single-Electron Elementary Steps in Transition Metal Catalyzed Cross-Coupling. ACS Central Science 2016, 2 (5) , 293-301.
    58. Sheng-Ying Hsieh and Jeffrey W. Bode . Silicon Amine Reagents for the Photocatalytic Synthesis of Piperazines from Aldehydes and Ketones. Organic Letters 2016, 18 (9) , 2098-2101.
    59. Yuichiro Shiba, Akiko Inagaki, and Munetaka Akita . C–C Bond Forming Reductive Elimination from Diarylplatinum Complexes Driven by Visible-Light-Mediated Photoredox Reactions. Organometallics 2015, 34 (20) , 4844-4853.
    60. Hui Xu, Zi-Ao Huang, Xugeng Guo, Yuhui Yang, Yuhui Hua, Zexing Cao, Shunhua Li, and Haiping Xia . Sequential Construction Strategy for Rational Design of Luminescent Iridacycles. Organometallics 2015, 34 (17) , 4229-4237.
    61. Sungkyu Choi, Tanmay Chatterjee, Won Joon Choi, Youngmin You, and Eun Jin Cho . Synthesis of Carbazoles by a Merged Visible Light Photoredox and Palladium-Catalyzed Process. ACS Catalysis 2015, 5 (8) , 4796-4802.
    62. Jenna L. Jeffrey, Filip R. Petronijević, and David W. C. MacMillan . Selective Radical–Radical Cross-Couplings: Design of a Formal β-Mannich Reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2015, 137 (26) , 8404-8407.
    63. Joel W. Beatty and Corey R. J. Stephenson . Amine Functionalization via Oxidative Photoredox Catalysis: Methodology Development and Complex Molecule Synthesis. Accounts of Chemical Research 2015, 48 (5) , 1474-1484.
    64. Chozhidakath Damodharan Sunesh, Kanagaraj Shanmugasundaram, Madayanad Suresh Subeesh, Ramesh Kumar Chitumalla, Joonkyung Jang, and Youngson Choe . Blue and Blue-Green Light-Emitting Cationic Iridium Complexes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Optoelectronic Properties. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015, 7 (14) , 7741-7751.
    65. Dominik Hager and David W. C. MacMillan . Activation of C–H Bonds via the Merger of Photoredox and Organocatalysis: A Coupling of Benzylic Ethers with Schiff Bases. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2014, 136 (49) , 16986-16989.
    66. Cristina Roldán-Carmona, Takeo Akatsuka, Michele Sessolo, Scott E. Watkins, and Henk J. Bolink . Engineering Charge Injection Interfaces in Hybrid Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6 (22) , 19520-19524.
    67. Chozhidakath Damodharan Sunesh, George Mathai, and Youngson Choe . Constructive Effects of Long Alkyl Chains on the Electroluminescent Properties of Cationic Iridium Complex-Based Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6 (20) , 17416-17425.
    68. Samuel J. Adams, David J. Lewis, Jon A. Preece, and Zoe Pikramenou . Luminescent Gold Surfaces for Sensing and Imaging: Patterning of Transition Metal Probes. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6 (14) , 11598-11608.
    69. Filippo Monti, Andrea Baschieri, Isacco Gualandi, Juan J. Serrano-Pérez, José M. Junquera-Hernández, Domenica Tonelli, Andrea Mazzanti, Sara Muzzioli, Stefano Stagni, Cristina Roldan-Carmona, Antonio Pertegás, Henk J. Bolink, Enrique Ortí, Letizia Sambri, and Nicola Armaroli . Iridium(III) Complexes with Phenyl-tetrazoles as Cyclometalating Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry 2014, 53 (14) , 7709-7721.
    70. Fuli Zhang, Dongxin Ma, Lian Duan, Juan Qiao, Guifang Dong, Liduo Wang, and Yong Qiu . Synthesis, Characterization, and Photophysical and Electroluminescent Properties of Blue-Emitting Cationic Iridium(III) Complexes Bearing Nonconjugated Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry 2014, 53 (13) , 6596-6606.
    71. Yuhao Li, Naveen Dandu, Rui Liu, Zhongjing Li, Svetlana Kilina, and Wenfang Sun . Effects of Extended π-Conjugation in Phenanthroline (N∧N) and Phenylpyridine (C∧N) Ligands on the Photophysics and Reverse Saturable Absorption of Cationic Heteroleptic Iridium(III) Complexes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2014, 118 (12) , 6372-6384.
    72. Egan H. Doeven, Gregory J. Barbante, Emily Kerr, Conor F. Hogan, John A. Endler, and Paul S. Francis . Red–Green–Blue Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Utilizing a Digital Camera as Detector. Analytical Chemistry 2014, 86 (5) , 2727-2732.
    73. John D. Nguyen, Bryan S. Matsuura, and Corey R. J. Stephenson . A Photochemical Strategy for Lignin Degradation at Room Temperature. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2014, 136 (4) , 1218-1221.
    74. Daniel Tordera, Juan J. Serrano-Pérez, Antonio Pertegás, Enrique Ortí, Henk J. Bolink, Etienne Baranoff, Md. Khaja Nazeeruddin, and Julien Frey . Correlating the Lifetime and Fluorine Content of Iridium(III) Emitters in Green Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Chemistry of Materials 2013, 25 (16) , 3391-3397.
    75. Yuhao Li, Naveen Dandu, Rui Liu, Lei Hu, Svetlana Kilina, and Wenfang Sun . Nonlinear Absorbing Cationic Iridium(III) Complexes Bearing Benzothiazolylfluorene Motif on the Bipyridine (N∧N) Ligand: Synthesis, Photophysics and Reverse Saturable Absorption. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2013, 5 (14) , 6556-6570.
    76. Moussa Zaarour, Anu Singh, Camille Latouche, J. A. Gareth Williams, Isabelle Ledoux-Rak, Joseph Zyss, Abdou Boucekkine, Hubert Le Bozec, Véronique Guerchais, Claudia Dragonetti, Alessia Colombo, Dominique Roberto, and Adriana Valore . Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Tris-cyclometalated Phenylpyridine Ir(III) Complexes Incorporating π-Conjugated Substituents. Inorganic Chemistry 2013, 52 (14) , 7987-7994.
    77. Christopher K. Prier, Danica A. Rankic, and David W. C. MacMillan . Visible Light Photoredox Catalysis with Transition Metal Complexes: Applications in Organic Synthesis. Chemical Reviews 2013, 113 (7) , 5322-5363.
    78. Anthony C. Brooks, Katherine Basore, and Stefan Bernhard . Photon-Driven Reduction of Zn2+ to Zn Metal. Inorganic Chemistry 2013, 52 (10) , 5794-5800.
    79. Vivienne Leigh, Wadih Ghattas, Ralte Lalrempuia, Helge Müller-Bunz, Mary T. Pryce, and Martin Albrecht . Synthesis, Photo-, and Electrochemistry of Ruthenium Bis(bipyridine) Complexes Comprising a N-heterocyclic Carbene Ligand. Inorganic Chemistry 2013, 52 (9) , 5395-5402.
    80. Rubén D. Costa, Rubén Casillas, and Joan Cano . Do the Intramolecular π Interactions Improve the Stability of Ionic, Pyridine-Carbene-Based Iridium(III) Complexes?. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2013, 117 (16) , 8545-8555.
    81. S. Perumal, B. Minaev, and H. Ågren . Triplet State Phosphorescence in Tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) Aluminum Light Emitting Diode Materials. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2013, 117 (7) , 3446-3455.
    82. Hsiao-Fan Chen, Wen-Yi Hung, Shou-Wei Chen, Ting-Chih Wang, Shih-Wei Lin, Shu-Hua Chou, Chih-Teng Liao, Hai-Ching Su, Hsiao-An Pan, Pi-Tai Chou, Yi-Hung Liu, and Ken-Tsung Wong . Cationic Iridium Complexes with Intramolecular π–π Interaction and Enhanced Steric Hindrance for Solid-State Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Inorganic Chemistry 2012, 51 (22) , 12114-12121.
    83. Kimberly L. Metera, Kevin D. Hänni, Gina Zhou, Manoj K. Nayak, Hassan S. Bazzi, David Juncker, and Hanadi F. Sleiman . Luminescent Iridium(III)-Containing Block Copolymers: Self-Assembly into Biotin-Labeled Micelles for Biodetection Assays. ACS Macro Letters 2012, 1 (8) , 954-959.
    84. Daniel Tordera, Manuel Delgado, Enrique Ortí, Henk J. Bolink, Julien Frey, Md. Khaja Nazeeruddin, and Etienne Baranoff . Stable Green Electroluminescence from an Iridium Tris-Heteroleptic Ionic Complex. Chemistry of Materials 2012, 24 (10) , 1896-1903.
    85. Lei He, Dongxin Ma, Lian Duan, Yongge Wei, Juan Qiao, Deqiang Zhang, Guifang Dong, Liduo Wang, and Yong Qiu . Control of Intramolecular π–π Stacking Interaction in Cationic Iridium Complexes via Fluorination of Pendant Phenyl Rings. Inorganic Chemistry 2012, 51 (8) , 4502-4510.
    86. Yafei Wang, Qing Chen, Yanhu Li, Yu Liu, Hua Tan, Junting Yu, Meixiang Zhu, Hongbin Wu, Weiguo Zhu, and Yong Cao . Highly Dichroic Metallomesogen of Dinuclear Platinum Complex: Synthesis and Liquid Crystal and Photophysical Properties. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2012, 116 (9) , 5908-5914.
    87. Nail M. Shavaleev, Filippo Monti, Rubén D. Costa, Rosario Scopelliti, Henk J. Bolink, Enrique Ortí, Gianluca Accorsi, Nicola Armaroli, Etienne Baranoff, Michael Grätzel, and Mohammad K. Nazeeruddin . Bright Blue Phosphorescence from Cationic Bis-Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Isocyanide Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 2012, 51 (4) , 2263-2271.
    88. Joseph W. Tucker and Corey R. J. Stephenson . Shining Light on Photoredox Catalysis: Theory and Synthetic Applications. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2012, 77 (4) , 1617-1622.
    89. Virendra Kumar Rai, Masayoshi Nishiura, Masanori Takimoto, Shanshan Zhao, Yu Liu, and Zhaomin Hou . Bis-Cyclometalated Iridium(III) Complexes Bearing Ancillary Guanidinate Ligands. Synthesis, Structure, and Highly Efficient Electroluminescence. Inorganic Chemistry 2012, 51 (2) , 822-835.
    90. Sébastien Ladouceur, Daniel Fortin, and Eli Zysman-Colman . Enhanced Luminescent Iridium(III) Complexes Bearing Aryltriazole Cyclometallated Ligands. Inorganic Chemistry 2011, 50 (22) , 11514-11526.
    91. Rubén D. Costa, Filippo Monti, Gianluca Accorsi, Andrea Barbieri, Henk J. Bolink, Enrique Ortí, and Nicola Armaroli . Photophysical Properties of Charged Cyclometalated Ir(III) Complexes: A Joint Theoretical and Experimental Study. Inorganic Chemistry 2011, 50 (15) , 7229-7238.
    92. Gihane Nasr, Audrey Guerlin, Frédéric Dumur, Stéphane A. Baudron, Eddy Dumas, Fabien Miomandre, Gilles Clavier, Michel Sliwa, and Cédric R. Mayer . Dithiolate-Appended Iridium(III) Complex with Dual Functions of Reducing and Capping Agent for the Design of Small-Sized Gold Nanoparticles. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2011, 133 (17) , 6501-6504.
    93. Zhigang Xie, Cheng Wang, Kathryn E. deKrafft, and Wenbin Lin . Highly Stable and Porous Cross-Linked Polymers for Efficient Photocatalysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2011, 133 (7) , 2056-2059.
    94. Cheng-Han Yang, Juan Beltran, Vincent Lemaur, Jérôme Cornil, David Hartmann, Wiebke Sarfert, Roland Fröhlich, Claudia Bizzarri, and Luisa De Cola . Iridium Metal Complexes Containing N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands for Blue-Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. Inorganic Chemistry 2010, 49 (21) , 9891-9901.
    95. Sébastien Ladouceur, Daniel Fortin, and Eli Zysman-Colman. Role of Substitution on the Photophysical Properties of 5,5′-Diaryl-2,2′-bipyridine (bpy*) in [Ir(ppy)2(bpy*)]PF6 Complexes: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study. Inorganic Chemistry 2010, 49 (12) , 5625-5641.
    96. Lei He, Lian Duan, Juan Qiao, Guifang Dong, Liduo Wang and Yong Qiu. Highly Efficient Blue-Green and White Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells Based on a Cationic Iridium Complex with a Bulky Side Group. Chemistry of Materials 2010, 22 (11) , 3535-3542.
    97. Deanna B. Rodovsky, Obadiah G. Reid, Liam S. C. Pingree and David S. Ginger. Concerted Emission and Local Potentiometry of Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. ACS Nano 2010, 4 (5) , 2673-2680.
    98. Frédéric Lincker, David Kreher, André-Jean Attias, Jaekwon Do, Eunkyoung Kim, Philippe Hapiot, Noëlla Lemaître, Bernard Geffroy, Gilles Ulrich and Raymond Ziessel . Rodlike Fluorescent π-Conjugated 3,3′-Bipyridazine Ligand: Optical, Electronic, and Complexation Properties. Inorganic Chemistry 2010, 49 (9) , 3991-4001.
    99. Aaron A. Rachford, Raymond Ziessel, Thomas Bura, Pascal Retailleau and Felix N. Castellano . Boron Dipyrromethene (Bodipy) Phosphorescence Revealed in [Ir(ppy)2(bpy-C≡C-Bodipy)]+. Inorganic Chemistry 2010, 49 (8) , 3730-3736.
    100. Nabanita Kundu, Anandalok Audhya, Sk Md Towsif Abtab, Sanjib Ghosh, Edward R. T. Tiekink and Muktimoy Chaudhury . Anion-Controlled Assembly of Silver(I) Complexes of Multiring Heterocyclic Ligands: A Structural and Photophysical Study. Crystal Growth & Design 2010, 10 (3) , 1269-1282.
    Load more citations

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect