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Engineering InAsxP1-x/InP/ZnSe III−V Alloyed Core/Shell Quantum Dots for the Near-Infrared

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Contribution from the Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, and Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, Suwan 443-749, Korea
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 30, 10526–10532
Publication Date (Web):July 8, 2005
Copyright © 2005 American Chemical Society

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    Quantum dots with a core/shell/shell structure consisting of an alloyed core of InAsxP1-x, an intermediate shell of InP, and an outer shell of ZnSe were developed. The InAsxP1-x alloyed core has a graded internal composition with increasing arsenic content from the center to the edge of the dots. This compositional gradient results from two apparent effects:  (1) the faster reaction kinetics of the phosphorus precursor compared to the arsenic precursor, and (2) a post-growth arsenic−phosphorus exchange reaction that increases the arsenic content. The cores have a zinc blend structure for all compositions and show tunable emission in the near-infrared (NIR) region. A first shell of InP leads to a red-shift and an increase in quantum yield. The final shell of ZnSe serves to stabilize the dots for applications in aqueous environments, including NIR biomedical fluorescence imaging. These NIR-emitting core/shell/shell InAsxP1-x/InP/ZnSe were successfully used in a sentinel lymph node mapping experiment.

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     Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


     Ajou University.

     Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.


    In papers with more than one author, the asterisk indicates the name of the author to whom inquiries about the paper should be addressed.

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