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New Class of Bioluminogenic Probe Based on Bioluminescent Enzyme-Induced Electron Transfer: BioLeT

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† ‡ Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Open Innovation Center for Drug Discovery, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
⊥ # Basic Research Program, #CREST, PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
§ Department of Organ Fabrication, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 12, 4010–4013
Publication Date (Web):March 11, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) has advantages for investigating biological phenomena in deep tissues of living animals, but few design strategies are available for functional bioluminescent substrates. We propose a new design strategy (designated as bioluminescent enzyme-induced electron transfer: BioLeT) for luciferin-based bioluminescence probes. Luminescence measurements of a series of aminoluciferin derivatives confirmed that bioluminescence can be controlled by means of BioLeT. Based on this concept, we developed bioluminescence probes for nitric oxide that enabled quantitative and sensitive detection even in vivo. Our design strategy should be applicable to develop a wide range of practically useful bioluminogenic probes.

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