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Three-Dimensional Biomimetic Mineralization of Dense Hydrogel Templates

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Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Materials Sciences Division, and National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720
†Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
‡Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
§National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
⊥University of California at Berkeley.
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 29, 9937–9939
Publication Date (Web):July 2, 2009
Copyright © 2009 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    An electric-current-assisted method was used to mineralize dense hydrogels and create hydroxyapatite/hydrogel composites with unique hierarchical structures. The microstructure of the final material can be controlled by the mineralization technique and the chemistry of the organic matrix. A hydroxyapatite/hydrogel composite was obtained with a large inorganic content (∼60% of the weight of the organics). After being heated to 1050 °C, the sintered inorganic phase has a very uniformly distributed porosity and its Brunauer−Emmett−Teller (BET) surface area is 0.68 m2/g.

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    Experimental procedures, Figures S-1, S-2, S-3, S-4, S-5, S-6, S-7. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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