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Electronic Conductivity, Ferrimagnetic Ordering, and Reductive Insertion Mediated by Organic Mixed-Valence in a Ferric Semiquinoid Metal–Organic Framework

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Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
§ Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 United States
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 50, 15703–15711
Publication Date (Web):November 17, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract Image

    A three-dimensional network solid composed of FeIII centers and paramagnetic semiquinoid linkers, (NBu4)2FeIII2(dhbq)3 (dhbq2–/3– = 2,5-dioxidobenzoquinone/1,2-dioxido-4,5-semiquinone), is shown to exhibit a conductivity of 0.16 ± 0.01 S/cm at 298 K, one of the highest values yet observed for a metal–organic framework (MOF). The origin of this electronic conductivity is determined to be ligand mixed-valency, which is characterized using a suite of spectroscopic techniques, slow-scan cyclic voltammetry, and variable-temperature conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Importantly, UV–vis–NIR diffuse reflectance measurements reveal the first observation of Robin–Day Class II/III mixed valency in a MOF. Pursuit of stoichiometric control over the ligand redox states resulted in synthesis of the reduced framework material Na0.9(NBu4)1.8FeIII2(dhbq)3. Differences in electronic conductivity and magnetic ordering temperature between the two compounds are investigated and correlated to the relative ratio of the two different ligand redox states. Overall, the transition metal–semiquinoid system is established as a particularly promising scaffold for achieving tunable long-range electronic communication in MOFs.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b10385.

    • Additional experimental procedures and PXRD, Mössbauer spectroscopy, UV–vis–NIR diffuse reflectance, variable-temperature conductivity, and variable-temperature magnetism data (PDF)

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