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Assembly of a Porous Supramolecular Polyknot from Rigid Trigonal Prismatic Building Blocks

  • Penghao Li
    Penghao Li
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
    More by Penghao Li
  • Zhijie Chen
    Zhijie Chen
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
    More by Zhijie Chen
  • Matthew R. Ryder
    Matthew R. Ryder
    Neutron Scattering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States
  • Charlotte L. Stern
    Charlotte L. Stern
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
  • Qing-Hui Guo
    Qing-Hui Guo
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
    More by Qing-Hui Guo
  • Xingjie Wang
    Xingjie Wang
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
    More by Xingjie Wang
  • Omar K. Farha
    Omar K. Farha
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
  • , and 
  • J. Fraser Stoddart*
    J. Fraser Stoddart
    Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States
    Institute for Molecular Design and Synthesis, Tianjin University, 92 Weijin Road, Tianjin 300072, China
    School of Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    *[email protected]
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 33, 12998–13002
Publication Date (Web):July 21, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.9b06445
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Herein we report a hydrogen-bonded three-dimensional porous supramolecular polyknot assembled from a rigid trigonal prismatic triptycene building block with six extended peripheral aryl-carboxyl groups. Within this superstructure, three arrays of undulated 2D rhombic subnets, which display an inclined polycatenation, are interconnected to give an unprecedented uninodal six-connected net with a point symbol of (3.44.610). Such an entanglement results in a trefoil knot motif, which, as the basic repeating unit, is fused and interlocked with itself three-dimensionally to afford a supramolecular polyknot. This example highlights the ability of supramolecular systems to form topologically complex architectures using geometrically simple building blocks.

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    The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b06445.

    • X-ray crystallographic data for PETHOF-3 (CIF)

    • Experimental and computational details, including synthesis, NMR, PXRD, gas-sorption studies, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations (PDF)

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