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Vapor−Liquid Equilibria for the 1,1-Difluoroethane (HFC-152a) + Propane (R-290) System

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Division of Mechanical Engineering, Ajou University, Wonchun-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, 443-749, Korea, and Division of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School, Ajou University, Wonchun-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, 443-749, Korea
Cite this: J. Chem. Eng. Data 2007, 52, 4, 1203–1208
Publication Date (Web):May 25, 2007
Copyright © 2007 American Chemical Society

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    Isothermal vapor−liquid equilibrium data of the binary system 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a) + propane (R-290) were measured in the temperature range from 273.15 K to 313.15 K at 10 K intervals and in the composition range from 0.2 to 0.8 mole fraction of propane. The temperature, pressure, and compositions of the liquid and vapor phases were measured with a circulation-type apparatus. The experimental data were correlated with the Carnahan−Starling−De Santis, Peng−Robinson, and Redlich−Kwong−Soave equations of state. Azeotropic behavior was revealed near 0.73 mole fraction of propane. The vapor pressure of the azeotropic system was compared with those of chlorodifluoroethane (HCFC-22) and the zeotropic mixture of difluoroethane (HFC-32) + pentafluoroethane (HFC-125) (50−50) (alternative refrigerant blend R-410A), the zeotropic mixture of HFC-32 + HFC-125 + 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) (23−25−52) (alternative refrigerant blend R-407C), dichlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-12), and HFC-134a. It was found that the vapor pressure of the azeotropic system was very close to that of HCFC-22. This azeotropic system has good potential to replace the use of HCFC-22 as a refrigerant.

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     To whom correspondence should be addressed. Fax:  82-31-213-7108. E-mail:  [email protected].

     Ajou University.

     Graduate School, Ajou University.

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