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Hypothetical Thermodynamic Properties: Vapor Pressures and Vaporization Enthalpies of the Even n-Alkanes from C40 to C76 at T = 298.15 K by Correlation−Gas Chromatography. Are the Vaporization Enthalpies a Linear Function of Carbon Number?

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Missouri−St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63121
* Corresponding author. E-mail: [email protected]. Phone: 314 516 5377.
†2007 STARS student from Lafayette High School, St. Louis, MO 63011.
‡2007 STARS student from Lincoln High School, Stockton, CA 95219.
Cite this: J. Chem. Eng. Data 2008, 53, 2, 481–491
Publication Date (Web):January 17, 2008
https://doi.org/10.1021/je7005852
Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

    The temperature dependence of gas chromatographic retention times of tetracontane to hexaheptacontane is reported. These data are used in combination with earlier work to evaluate the vaporization enthalpies and vapor pressures of these n-alkanes from T = (298.15 to 540) K. The vapor pressure and vaporization enthalpy results obtained are compared with data calculated by the program PERT2 and Antoine constants estimated by Kudchadker and Zwolinski. The results are also compared with a model previously developed from empirical data which predicts that vaporization enthalpies measured at the boiling temperatures should approach a maximum value and then asymptotically approach zero as the chain length approaches infinity. Some curvature is indeed observed as the number of carbon atoms exceeds sixty.

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    Tables including the experimental retention times described in the text. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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