ACS Publications. Most Trusted. Most Cited. Most Read
My Activity
CONTENT TYPES

Figure 1Loading Img

In Vitro Fermentation of Arabinoxylan Oligosaccharides and Low Molecular Mass Arabinoxylans with Different Structural Properties from Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Bran and Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forsk) Seed Husk

View Author Information
Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Biochemistry & Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Centre (LFoRCe), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20 bus 2463, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
Laboratory of Microbial Ecology and Technology, Universiteit Gent, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Gent, Belgium
*Tel.: + 32 16 321917. Fax: + 32 16 321997. E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: J. Agric. Food Chem. 2012, 60, 4, 946–954
Publication Date (Web):December 27, 2011
https://doi.org/10.1021/jf203820j
Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

    Article Views

    2045

    Altmetric

    -

    Citations

    LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
    Other access options

    Abstract

    Ball milling was used for producing complex arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (AXOS) and low molecular mass arabinoxylans (AX) from wheat bran, pericarp-enriched wheat bran, and psyllium seed husk. The arabinose to xylose ratio of the samples produced varied between 0.14 and 0.92, and their average degree of polymerization (avDP) ranged between 42 and 300. Their fermentation for 48 h in an in vitro system using human colon suspensions was compared to enzymatically produced wheat bran AXOS with an arabinose to xylose ratio of 0.22 and 0.34 and an avDP of 4 and 40, respectively. Degrees of AXOS fermentation ranged from 28% to 50% and were lower for the higher arabinose to xylose ratio and/or higher avDP materials. Arabinose to xylose ratios of the unfermented fractions exceeded those of their fermented counterparts, indicating that molecules less substituted with arabinose were preferably fermented. Xylanase, arabinofuranosidase, and xylosidase activities increased with incubation time. Enzyme activities in the samples containing psyllium seed husk AX or psyllium seed husk AXOS were generally higher than those in the wheat bran AXOS preparations. Fermentation gave rise to unbranched short-chain fatty acids. Concentrations of acetic, propionic, and butyric acids increased to 1.9–2.6, 1.9–2.8, and 1.3–2.0 times their initial values, respectively, after 24 h incubation. Results show that the human intestinal microbiota can at least partially use complex AXOS and low molecular mass AX. The tested materials are thus interesting physiologically active carbohydrates.

    Read this article

    To access this article, please review the available access options below.

    Get instant access

    Purchase Access

    Read this article for 48 hours. Check out below using your ACS ID or as a guest.

    Recommended

    Access through Your Institution

    You may have access to this article through your institution.

    Your institution does not have access to this content. You can change your affiliated institution below.

    Cited By

    This article is cited by 69 publications.

    1. Shang Lin, Xinming Xu, Jesper Holck, Jane Wittrup Agger, Casper Wilkens, Zhuqing Xie, Bekzod Khakimov, Dennis S. Nielsen, Anne S. Meyer. Soluble, Diferuloylated Corn Bran Glucuronoarabinoxylans Modulate the Human Gut Microbiota In Vitro. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2023, 71 (8) , 3885-3897. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.2c08338
    2. Qian Li, Rui Liu, Tao Wu, Man Wang, and Min Zhang . Soluble Dietary Fiber Fractions in Wheat Bran and Their Interactions with Wheat Gluten Have Impacts on Dough Properties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2016, 64 (46) , 8735-8744. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03451
    3. Zhao Lei, Yuxin Shao, Xiaonan Yin, Dafei Yin, Yuming Guo, and Jianmin Yuan . Combination of Xylanase and Debranching Enzymes Specific to Wheat Arabinoxylan Improve the Growth Performance and Gut Health of Broilers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2016, 64 (24) , 4932-4942. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b01272
    4. Pieter Van den Abbeele, Koen Venema, Tom Van de Wiele, Willy Verstraete, and Sam Possemiers . Different Human Gut Models Reveal the Distinct Fermentation Patterns of Arabinoxylan versus Inulin. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2013, 61 (41) , 9819-9827. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf4021784
    5. Jie-Lun Hu, Shao-Ping Nie, Chang Li, Zhi-Hong Fu, and Ming-Yong Xie . Microbial Short-Chain Fatty Acid Production and Extracellular Enzymes Activities during in Vitro Fermentation of Polysaccharides from the Seeds of Plantago asiatica L. Treated with Microwave Irradiation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2013, 61 (25) , 6092-6101. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf401877j
    6. A. Poshadri, H.W. Deshpande. Evaluation of technological, nutritional, and probiotic survival in gluten‐free composite synbiotic vermicelli. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 2024, 59 (2) , 898-907. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.16848
    7. Dan Yuan, Wenqian Xiao, Zhiming Gao, Bing Hu, Jiang Wenxin, Yanlei Li, Yuehan Wu, Xuewen Ni. Modulating in vitro fecal fermentation behavior of sodium alginate by Ca2+ cross-linking. Food Research International 2023, 174 , 113552. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2023.113552
    8. Zixin Yang, Ting Huang, Aiyi Guo, Weiwen Chen, Weibin Bai, Liping Wei, Lingmin Tian. Insights into the fermentation patterns of wheat bran cell wall polysaccharides using an in-vitro batch fermentation model. Carbohydrate Polymers 2023, 317 , 121100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2023.121100
    9. Hong Yao, Bernadine M. Flanagan, Barbara A. Williams, Munirah Ismail, Astrada Dyna Ersya, Michael J. Gidley, Deirdre Mikkelsen. Enzymatic arabinose depletion of wheat arabinoxylan regulates in vitro fermentation profiles and potential microbial degraders. Food Hydrocolloids 2023, 142 , 108743. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2023.108743
    10. Aylin W. Sahin, Jonas J. Atzler, Emily Crofton, Eimear Gallagher, Emanuele Zannini, Jens Walter, Elke K. Arendt. Impact of different fibre ingredients on a low-FODMAP biscuit model system. Food & Function 2023, 14 (15) , 7082-7095. https://doi.org/10.1039/D3FO00830D
    11. Hannah C. Harris, Noelia Pereira, Todor Koev, Yaroslav Z. Khimyak, Gleb E. Yakubov, Frederick J. Warren. The impact of psyllium gelation behaviour on in vitro colonic fermentation properties. Food Hydrocolloids 2023, 139 , 108543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2023.108543
    12. Main Ern Ang, James M. Cowley, Kuok Yap, Michael G. Hahn, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Matthew R. Tucker, Barbara A. Williams, Rachel A. Burton. Novel constituents of Salvia hispanica L. (chia) nutlet mucilage and the improved in vitro fermentation of nutlets when ground. Food & Function 2023, 14 (3) , 1401-1414. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2FO03002K
    13. Zhongxia Li, Huibin Zhang, Li He, Yaqin Hou, Yingjuan Che, Tian Liu, Shaobai Xiong, Xuguang Zhang, Shunjing Luo, Chengmei Liu, Tingting Chen. Influence of structural features and feruloylation on fermentability and ability to modulate gut microbiota of arabinoxylan in in vitro fermentation. Frontiers in Microbiology 2023, 13 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2022.1113601
    14. Mayra A. Mendez-Encinas, Elizabeth Carvajal-Millan, Stefanie Simon, Andre K. White, Hoa K. Chau, Madhav P. Yadav, John A. Renye, Arland T. Hotchkiss, Agustín Rascon-Chu, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Dora E. Valencia-Rivera. Arabinoxylans and cross-linked arabinoxylans: Fermentation and potential application as matrices for probiotic bacterial encapsulation. Food Hydrocolloids for Health 2022, 2 , 100085. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fhfh.2022.100085
    15. Diego Currò. Current evidence on the therapeutic use of fiber in irritable bowel syndrome. Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2022, 16 (5) , 425-436. https://doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2021.1924057
    16. David Gunn, Zainab Abbas, Hannah C Harris, Giles Major, Caroline Hoad, Penny Gowland, Luca Marciani, Samantha K Gill, Fred J Warren, Megan Rossi, Jose Maria Remes-Troche, Kevin Whelan, Robin C Spiller. Psyllium reduces inulin-induced colonic gas production in IBS: MRI and in vitro fermentation studies. Gut 2022, 71 (5) , 919-927. https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2021-324784
    17. Shanshan Zhang, Jielun Hu, Yonggan Sun, Huizi Tan, Junyi Yin, Fang Geng, Shaoping Nie. Review of structure and bioactivity of the Plantago (Plantaginaceae) polysaccharides. Food Chemistry: X 2021, 12 , 100158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fochx.2021.100158
    18. Han Jin Oh, Myung Hoo Kim, Min Ho Song, Ji Hwan Lee, Yong Ju Kim, Se Yeon Chang, Jae Woo An, Young Bin Go, Dong Cheol Song, Hyun Ah Cho, Min Ji Kim, Hyeun Bum Kim, Jin Ho Cho. Effects of Replacing Medical Zinc Oxide with Different Ratios of Inorganic: Organic Zinc or Reducing Crude Protein Diet with Mixed Feed Additives in Weaned Piglet Diets. Animals 2021, 11 (11) , 3132. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11113132
    19. Candela Paesani, Alicia L. Degano, Maria Inés Zalosnik, João Paulo Fabi, Gabriela T. Pérez. Enzymatic modification of arabinoxylans from soft and hard Argentinian wheat inhibits the viability of HCT-116 cells. Food Research International 2021, 147 , 110466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110466
    20. N. Mallikarjunan, Rajalakshmi Deshpande, Sahayog N. Jamdar. Radiation processing of psyllium and its application in development of low glycaemic food. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 2021, 186 , 109477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2021.109477
    21. Chuanli Yang, Shuai Liu, Hongxia Li, Xinshu Bai, Shuhua Shan, Peng Gao, Xiushan Dong. The effects of psyllium husk on gut microbiota composition and function in chronically constipated women of reproductive age using 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis. Aging 2021, 13 (11) , 15366-15383. https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203095
    22. Jonas J. Atzler, Aylin W. Sahin, Eimear Gallagher, Emanuele Zannini, Elke K. Arendt. Characteristics and properties of fibres suitable for a low FODMAP diet- an overview. Trends in Food Science & Technology 2021, 112 , 823-836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2021.04.023
    23. Pinpanit Boonchuay, Rawiwan Wongpoomchai, Sanchai Jaturasitha, Sugunya Mahatheeranont, Masanori Watanabe, Thanongsak Chaiyaso. Prebiotic properties, antioxidant activity, and acute oral toxicity of xylooligosaccharides derived enzymatically from corncob. Food Bioscience 2021, 40 , 100895. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbio.2021.100895
    24. Egle Zokaityte, Karolina Siriakovaite, Vytaute Starkute, Paulina Zavistanaviciute, Vita Lele, Erika Mozuriene, Dovile Klupsaite, Pranas Viskelis, Romas Ruibys, Raquel P. F. Guiné, Elena Bartkiene. Characteristics of Nutraceutical Chewing Candy Formulations Based on Fermented Milk Permeate, Psyllium Husk, and Apple By-Products. Foods 2021, 10 (4) , 777. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10040777
    25. Sandra M. Kelly, Jose Munoz-Munoz, Douwe van Sinderen. Plant Glycan Metabolism by Bifidobacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology 2021, 12 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.609418
    26. Matej Baláž. Biomass. 2021, 337-466. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-75224-8_11
    27. Mayra A. Mendez-Encinas, Dora E. Valencia-Rivera, Elizabeth Carvajal-Millan, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Valérie Micard, Agustín Rascón-Chu. Fermentation of Ferulated Arabinoxylan Recovered from the Maize Bioethanol Industry. Processes 2021, 9 (1) , 165. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9010165
    28. Patrícia Fradinho, Rita Soares, Alberto Niccolai, Isabel Sousa, Anabela Raymundo. Psyllium husk gel to reinforce structure of gluten-free pasta?. LWT 2020, 131 , 109787. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2020.109787
    29. Emanuel Joel Lao, Noel Dimoso, Jofrey Raymond, Ernest Rashid Mbega. The prebiotic potential of brewers’ spent grain on livestock’s health: a review. Tropical Animal Health and Production 2020, 52 (2) , 461-472. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02120-9
    30. Xin He, Bing Yu, Jun He, Zhiqing Huang, Xiangbing Mao, Ping Zheng, Yuheng Luo, Junqiu Luo, Quyuan Wang, Huifen Wang, Jie Yu, Daiwen Chen. Effects of xylanase on growth performance, nutrients digestibility and intestinal health in weaned piglets. Livestock Science 2020, 233 , 103940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2020.103940
    31. Jing Wang, Junying Bai, Mingcong Fan, Tingting Li, Yan Li, Haifeng Qian, Li Wang, Hui Zhang, Xiguang Qi, Zhiming Rao. Cereal-derived arabinoxylans: Structural features and structure–activity correlations. Trends in Food Science & Technology 2020, 96 , 157-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2019.12.016
    32. Jing-Kun Yan, Li-Xia Wu, Wu-Dan Cai, Gao-Sheng Xiao, Yuqing Duan, Haihui Zhang. Subcritical water extraction-based methods affect the physicochemical and functional properties of soluble dietary fibers from wheat bran. Food Chemistry 2019, 298 , 124987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.124987
    33. A Bautil, J Verspreet, J Buyse, P Goos, M.R. Bedford, C.M. Courtin. Age-related arabinoxylan hydrolysis and fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract of broilers fed wheat-based diets. Poultry Science 2019, 98 (10) , 4606-4621. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez159
    34. Nianxia Sun, Lili Wang, Litao Tong, Xianrong Zhou, Liya Liu, Yuanlin Sun, Sumei Zhou. Comparison of Structural and Functional Characterizations of Arabinoxylans from Different Wheat Processing Varieties. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 2019, 74 (3) , 376-382. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-019-00734-w
    35. Juqing Huang, Qi Wang, Qingxian Xu, Ying Zhang, Bin Lin, Xuefang Guan, Lei Qian, Yi Zheng. In vitro fermentation of O‑acetyl‑arabinoxylan from bamboo shavings by human colonic microbiota. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2019, 125 , 27-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.12.024
    36. Zhuoyun Chen, Shanshan Li, Yuanfang Fu, Cheng Li, Daiwen Chen, Hong Chen. Arabinoxylan structural characteristics, interaction with gut microbiota and potential health functions. Journal of Functional Foods 2019, 54 , 536-551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2019.02.007
    37. Jonna Jalanka, Giles Major, Kathryn Murray, Gulzar Singh, Adam Nowak, Caroline Kurtz, Inmaculada Silos-Santiago, Jeffrey Johnston, Willem de Vos, Robin Spiller. The Effect of Psyllium Husk on Intestinal Microbiota in Constipated Patients and Healthy Controls. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2019, 20 (2) , 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20020433
    38. Guangli Feng, Bernadine M. Flanagan, Barbara A. Williams, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Wenwen Yu, Michael J. Gidley. Extracellular depolymerisation triggers fermentation of tamarind xyloglucan and wheat arabinoxylan by a porcine faecal inoculum. Carbohydrate Polymers 2018, 201 , 575-582. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.08.089
    39. Guangli Feng, Bernadine M. Flanagan, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Barbara A. Williams, Wenwen Yu, Robert G. Gilbert, Michael J. Gidley. Mechanisms of utilisation of arabinoxylans by a porcine faecal inoculum: competition and co-operation. Scientific Reports 2018, 8 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22818-4
    40. Julianne C. Kopf, Mallory J. Suhr, Jennifer Clarke, Seong-il Eyun, Jean-Jack M. Riethoven, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Devin J. Rose. Role of whole grains versus fruits and vegetables in reducing subclinical inflammation and promoting gastrointestinal health in individuals affected by overweight and obesity: a randomized controlled trial. Nutrition Journal 2018, 17 (1) https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0381-7
    41. Eva Nordberg Karlsson, Eva Schmitz, Javier A. Linares-Pastén, Patrick Adlercreutz. Endo-xylanases as tools for production of substituted xylooligosaccharides with prebiotic properties. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2018, 102 (21) , 9081-9088. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-018-9343-4
    42. Yue Wu, Genyi Zhang. Synbiotic encapsulation of probiotic Latobacillus plantarum by alginate -arabinoxylan composite microspheres. LWT 2018, 93 , 135-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2018.03.034
    43. A. Divani, F. Bagherzadeh‐Kasmani, M. Mehri. Plantago ovata in broiler chicken nutrition: Performance, carcass criteria, intestinal morphology, immunity, and intestinal bacterial population. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 2018, 102 (1) https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12753
    44. Penny Comino, Barbara A. Williams, Michael J. Gidley. In vitro fermentation gas kinetics and end-products of soluble and insoluble cereal flour dietary fibres are similar. Food & Function 2018, 9 (2) , 898-905. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7FO01724C
    45. Francesco Suriano, Laure B. Bindels, Joran Verspreet, Christophe M. Courtin, Kristin Verbeke, Patrice D. Cani, Audrey M. Neyrinck, Nathalie M. Delzenne. Fat binding capacity and modulation of the gut microbiota both determine the effect of wheat bran fractions on adiposity. Scientific Reports 2017, 7 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05698-y
    46. Sandrayee Brahma, Steven A. Weier, Devin J. Rose. Moisture content during extrusion of oats impacts the initial fermentation metabolites and probiotic bacteria during extended fermentation by human fecal microbiota. Food Research International 2017, 97 , 209-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.04.019
    47. Matthew R. Tucker, Chao Ma, Jana Phan, Kylie Neumann, Neil J. Shirley, Michael G. Hahn, Daniel Cozzolino, Rachel A. Burton. Dissecting the Genetic Basis for Seed Coat Mucilage Heteroxylan Biosynthesis in Plantago ovata Using Gamma Irradiation and Infrared Spectroscopy. Frontiers in Plant Science 2017, 8 https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00326
    48. Kaining Han, Ye Yao, Shiyuan Dong, Sun Jin, Hang Xiao, Haohao Wu, Mingyong Zeng. Chemical characterization of the glycated myofibrillar proteins from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and their impacts on the human gut microbiota in vitro fermentation. Food & Function 2017, 8 (3) , 1184-1194. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6FO01632D
    49. Jia Wang, Cong Wang, Weiwei Li, Yuxiang Pan, Guoqi Yuan, Haixia Chen. Ball milling improves extractability and antioxidant properties of the active constituents of mushroom Inonotus obliquus powders. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 2016, 51 (10) , 2193-2200. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.13180
    50. Audrey Rivière, Marija Selak, David Lantin, Frédéric Leroy, Luc De Vuyst. Bifidobacteria and Butyrate-Producing Colon Bacteria: Importance and Strategies for Their Stimulation in the Human Gut. Frontiers in Microbiology 2016, 7 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00979
    51. Ana L. Martínez-López, Elizabeth Carvajal-Millan, Valérie Micard, Agustín Rascón-Chu, Francisco Brown-Bojorquez, Norberto Sotelo-Cruz, Yolanda L. López-Franco, Jaime Lizardi-Mendoza. In vitro degradation of covalently cross-linked arabinoxylan hydrogels by bifidobacteria. Carbohydrate Polymers 2016, 144 , 76-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.031
    52. Jeanne Alard, Véronique Lehrter, Moez Rhimi, Irène Mangin, Véronique Peucelle, Anne‐Laure Abraham, Mahendra Mariadassou, Emmanuelle Maguin, Anne‐Judith Waligora‐Dupriet, Bruno Pot, Isabelle Wolowczuk, Corinne Grangette. Beneficial metabolic effects of selected probiotics on diet‐induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice are associated with improvement of dysbiotic gut microbiota. Environmental Microbiology 2016, 18 (5) , 1484-1497. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13181
    53. Joran Verspreet, Bram Damen, Willem F. Broekaert, Kristin Verbeke, Jan A. Delcour, Christophe M. Courtin. A Critical Look at Prebiotics Within the Dietary Fiber Concept. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology 2016, 7 (1) , 167-190. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-food-081315-032749
    54. Junyi Yang, Devin J. Rose. The impact of long-term dietary pattern of fecal donor on in vitro fecal fermentation properties of inulin. Food & Function 2016, 7 (4) , 1805-1813. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5FO00987A
    55. Xiaoling Ma, Lili Wang, Hongyan Wei, Xiaowei Huo, Canhong Wang, Dongyu Liu, Sumei Zhou, Li Cao. Adjuvant properties of water extractable arabinoxylans with different structural features from wheat flour against model antigen ovalbumin. Food & Function 2016, 7 (3) , 1537-1543. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5FO01207D
    56. P. Truchado, P. Van den Abbeele, A. Rivière, S. Possemiers, L. De Vuyst, T. Van de Wiele. Bifidobacterium longum D2 enhances microbial degradation of long-chain arabinoxylans in an in vitro model of the proximal colon. Beneficial Microbes 2015, 6 (6) , 849-860. https://doi.org/10.3920/BM2015.0023
    57. Audrey Rivière, Mérilie Gagnon, Stefan Weckx, Denis Roy, Luc De Vuyst, . Mutual Cross-Feeding Interactions between Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum NCC2705 and Eubacterium rectale ATCC 33656 Explain the Bifidogenic and Butyrogenic Effects of Arabinoxylan Oligosaccharides. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 2015, 81 (22) , 7767-7781. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02089-15
    58. Huihuang H. Ding, Steve W. Cui, H. Douglas Goff, Joshua Gong. Short-chain fatty acid profiles from flaxseed dietary fibres after in vitro fermentation of pig colonic digesta: Structure–function relationship. Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre 2015, 6 (2) , 62-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcdf.2015.09.006
    59. Jennifer A. Arcila, Steven A. Weier, Devin J. Rose. Changes in dietary fiber fractions and gut microbial fermentation properties of wheat bran after extrusion and bread making. Food Research International 2015, 74 , 217-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2015.05.005
    60. Tobias Aumiller, Rainer Mosenthin, Eva Weiss. Potential of cereal grains and grain legumes in modulating pigs׳ intestinal microbiota – A review. Livestock Science 2015, 172 , 16-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2014.11.016
    61. Joran Verspreet, Anders Holmgaard Hansen, Emmie Dornez, Jan A. Delcour, Wim Van den Ende, Scott J. Harrison, Christophe M. Courtin. LC-MS analysis reveals the presence of graminan- and neo-type fructans in wheat grains. Journal of Cereal Science 2015, 61 , 133-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2014.08.012
    62. Karen Windey, Isabelle François, Willem Broekaert, Vicky De Preter, Jan A. Delcour, Thierry Louat, Jean Herman, Kristin Verbeke. High dose of prebiotics reduces fecal water cytotoxicity in healthy subjects. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 2014, 58 (11) , 2206-2218. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201400298
    63. Devin J. Rose. Impact of whole grains on the gut microbiota: the next frontier for oats?. British Journal of Nutrition 2014, 112 (S2) , S44-S49. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114514002244
    64. Jeroen Snelders, Heleen Olaerts, Emmie Dornez, Tom Van de Wiele, Anna-Marja Aura, Lynn Vanhaecke, Jan A. Delcour, Christophe M. Courtin. Structural features and feruloylation modulate the fermentability and evolution of antioxidant properties of arabinoxylanoligosaccharides during in vitro fermentation by human gut derived microbiota. Journal of Functional Foods 2014, 10 , 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2014.05.011
    65. L. De Vuyst, F. Moens, M. Selak, A. Rivière, F. Leroy. Summer Meeting 2013: growth and physiology of bifidobacteria. Journal of Applied Microbiology 2014, 116 (3) , 477-491. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.12415
    66. Audrey Rivière, Frédéric Moens, Marija Selak, Dominique Maes, Stefan Weckx, Luc De Vuyst. The Ability of Bifidobacteria To Degrade Arabinoxylan Oligosaccharide Constituents and Derived Oligosaccharides Is Strain Dependent. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 2014, 80 (1) , 204-217. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02853-13
    67. Jie-Lun Hu, Shao-Ping Nie, Chang Li, Ming-Yong Xie. In vitro fermentation of polysaccharide from the seeds of Plantago asiatica L. by human fecal microbiota. Food Hydrocolloids 2013, 33 (2) , 384-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2013.04.006
    68. Jeroen Snelders, Emmie Dornez, Willem F. Broekaert, Jan A. Delcour, Christophe M. Courtin. Determination of the xylan backbone distribution of arabinoxylan-oligosaccharides. Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre 2013, 2 (1) , 84-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcdf.2013.08.005
    69. Annette L. Hartzell, María X. Maldonado-Gómez, Robert W. Hutkins, Devin J. Rose. Synthesis and in vitro digestion and fermentation of acylated inulin. Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre 2013, 1 (1) , 81-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcdf.2013.01.004

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    Pair your accounts.

    Export articles to Mendeley

    Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library.

    You’ve supercharged your research process with ACS and Mendeley!

    STEP 1:
    Click to create an ACS ID

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    Please note: If you switch to a different device, you may be asked to login again with only your ACS ID.

    MENDELEY PAIRING EXPIRED
    Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect