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Design and in Vitro Characterization of Highly sst2-Selective Somatostatin Antagonists Suitable for Radiotargeting

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Division of Cell Biology and Experimental Cancer Research, Institute of Pathology, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland, The Clayton Foundation Laboratories for Peptide Biology, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, and Division of Radiological Chemistry, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel, Switzerland
* To whom correspondence should be addressed. Phone: (858) 453-4100. Fax: (858) 552-1546. E-mail: [email protected]
†University of Berne.
#These authors contributed equally.
‡The Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
§University Hospital Basel.
Cite this: J. Med. Chem. 2008, 51, 13, 4030–4037
Publication Date (Web):June 11, 2008
https://doi.org/10.1021/jm701618q
Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society

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    Abstract

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    Radiolabeled sst2 and sst3 antagonists are better candidates for tumor targeting than agonists with comparable binding characteristics (Ginj, M.; Zhang, H.; Waser, B.; Cescato, R.; Wild, D.; Erchegyi, J.; Rivier, J.; Mäcke, H. R.; Reubi, J. C. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.2006, 103, 16436−16441.). Because most of the neuroendocrine tumors express sst2, we used the known antagonists acetyl-pNO2Phe2-c[dCys3-Tyr7-dTrp8-Lys9-Thr10-Cys14]-dTyr15-NH2 (1) (Bass, R. T.; Buckwalter, B. L.; Patel, B. P.; Pausch, M. H.; Price, L. A.; Strnad, J.; Hadcock, J. R. Mol. Pharmacol. 1996, 50, 709-715. Bass, R. T.; Buckwalter, B. L.; Patel, B. P.; Pausch, M. H.; Price, L. A.; Strnad, J.; Hadcock, J. R. Mol. Pharmacol. 1997, 51, 170; Erratum.) and H-Cpa2-c[dCys3-Tyr7-dTrp8-Lys9-Thr10-Cys14]-2Nal15-NH2 (7) (Hocart, S. J.; Jain, R.; Murphy, W. A.; Taylor, J. E.; Coy, D. H. J. Med. Chem. 1999, 42, 1863−1871.) as leads for analogues with increased sst2 binding affinity and selectivity. Among the 32 analogues reported here, DOTA-pNO2Phe2-c[dCys3-Tyr7-dAph8(Cbm)-Lys9-Thr10-Cys14-dTyr15-NH2 (3) and DOTA-Cpa2-c[dCys3-Aph7(Hor)-dAph8(Cbm)-Lys9-Thr10-Cys14]-dTyr15-NH2 (31) had the highest sst2 binding affinity and selectivity. All of the analogues tested kept their sst2 antagonistic properties (i.e., did not affect calcium release in vitro and competitively antagonized the agonistic effect of [Tyr3]octreotide). Moreover, in an immunofluorescence-based internalization assay, the new analogues prevented sst2 internalization induced by the sst2 agonist [Tyr3]octreotide without being active by themselves. In conclusion, several analogues (in particular 3, 31, and 32) have outstanding sst2 binding and functional antagonistic properties and, because of their DOTA moiety, are excellent candidates for in vivo targeting of sst2-expressing cancers.

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